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Grammar: Why do we put ~는 것이다 at the end of some sentences?

You might’ve seen sentences like “뭐 하는 거예요?” and wondered why ~는 것이다 was added. It’s actually pretty simple: if your sentence starts with a noun, it must end in one for the sentence to be grammatically correct. Hence why ~는 것이다, which is a nominalizer, gets added to the sentence. Let’s see a few examples.

예문 1

내 꿈은 의사가 돼요. (X)

내 꿈은 의사가 되는 거예요. (O)

My dream is to become a doctor.

예문 2

시험을 끝나면 제일 좋아하는 할 일은 텔레비전을 봐요. (X)

시험을 끝나면 제일 좋아하는 할 일은 텔레비전을 보는 거예요. (O)

My favorite thing to do after finishing an exam is watching TV.

예문 3

교통수단을 쓰는 장점은 더 싸고 오염을 줄일 수 있어요. (X)

교통수단을 쓰는 장점은 더 싸고 오염을 줄일 수 있는 거예요. (O)

The advantage of using public transportation is that it’s cheaper and can reduce polution.

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Grammar of the day: ~기(가) 무섭게

= idiom meaning “as soon as”, “immediately after.” Implies that a (frightingly) very short time occured between the time of the first action and the time of the second action.

필리핀 출신의 배우가 한국에 도착하기가 무섭게 수백의 팬들이 공항에서 기다렸다. As soon as the Filipino-born actor landed in Korea, hundreds of fans waited for him at the airport.

대학교에 합격했다고 알리기가 무섭게 엄마는 내 품에 달려들어셨다. As soon as I let my mother know I got accepted into university, she jumped in my arms.

Also exists in the form of ~기(가) 바쁘게, with no change in meaning.

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Word of the day: 당

= per, each.

예문

한 사람 종이 한 장이에요. It’s one paper per person.

방값은 1인 1박에 50유로다. The room is 50 euros per room, per night.

눈이 시간 4센티미터 정도로 내렸다. The snow fell at a rate of 4 centimeters per hour.

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Korean Grammar: I Want / I Want To

Welcome to another grammar lesson! In this one, we’ll go over how to express wanting something.

*This lesson is in 존댓말 (formal/polite language), specifically 해요체 (informal polite speech level).

I Want To [Verb]

First, let’s take a look at how to say you want to do something. Simply take the stem of the verb you want to do and add the ending 고 싶어요, which comes from the verb 고 싶다 (to want). Notice that 고 is actually attached to the stem while 싶어요 is a separate word.

For example, the stem of 먹다 (to eat) is 먹. Add the ending 고 싶어요 to get 먹고 싶어요, meaning “[I] want to eat.”

I Want [Noun]

The common way to express wanting a noun is to use the same rule (add 고 싶어요 to the verb stem) with the addition of the noun you want.

For example, to say “I want to eat pizza,” just add “pizza” to the beginning of our example sentence from before: 피자를 먹고 싶어요.

(If you aren’t sure why we added 를 to 피자, I suggest taking a look at the “particles” tag of this blog!)

In English, a simpler way of saying “I want to eat pizza” is to just say “I want pizza.” An exact word-for-word translation might use 원하다 (to want). For example, 피자를 원해요. However, while this sentence is grammatically correct, it’s very unlikely that it would be used in everyday conversation. So stick to using 고 싶다 with a verb that corresponds to the noun you want. Just about the only place you’ll see 원하다 is in song lyrics or poetry.

More Examples

이 책을 원해요. I want this book.

This is technically correct, but wouldn’t be used in everyday conversation.

이 책을 읽고 싶어요. I want to read this book.

이 책을 사고 싶어요. I want to buy this book.

These are much more likely to be used and sound a lot more natural.

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I’ve been using this studyblr account for a little over half a year now, and to celebrate my 200 followers milestone, it’s time to introduce myself.

About me:

  • My name is Gwendolen (you can call me Gwen)
  • I’m from the UK
  • I’m currently in year 12, studying for my A Levels
  • I love music. I sing and I play the piano and violin. My favourite artists/musicians include BTS, Dough-Boy, Red Velvet, SUNMI, TAEYEON and iKON. I also love classical music.
  • I also love journaling, reading, photography and making art (though I don’t have much time to draw/paint anymore).
  • I enjoy visiting art galleries and museums, going shopping and to cafés. I love going to London or to my hometown Norwich for the day. The cities that I’d love to visit again are Shenzhen, Hong Kong, Amsterdam, Paris, Hamburg, Berlin and Paris. I want to go to Seoul, Busan, Beijing, Xi’an and Helsinki for the first time.

What I’m studying:

  • History
  • English Literature
  • Music

I’m also learning Chinese and Korean.


Aims and why I have this studyblr:

  • Get really high A Level results
  • Become fluent in Chinese and Korean
  • Study History at Oxford, or History & Chinese at Liverpool or SOAS (London)
  • Procrastinate less; work harder


Some of my favourite studyblrs:

@kikkistudies @studyblr @studylustre @angelina-studies @xuexiblr @teagreenstudies @seraphic-studies @laaleestudies @jeonchemstudy @isabellenotes @wolkenstudien @sadcypher @macb-th and many more

Also check out my main @snowskiss :)

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nouns

Bedroom 침실

Bed 침대

Sheets (침대)시트

Pillow 베개

Pillow case 베개 주머니

Desk 책상

Table 탁자 , 테이블

Bed Side table 베드 사이드 테이블

Chair 의자

Charger 충전기

Phone charger 전화기 충전기

Computer charger 컴퓨터 충전기

Phone 전화기

Computer 컴퓨터

Dresser 드레서

Drawer(s) 서랍

Closet 벽장

Hangers 옷걸이

Clothes/clothing

verbs

To sleep 자다

To sleep in 늦잠을 자다

To sleep over 자고 가다

To wake up 정신을 차리다

To have a nightmare 악몽을 꾸다

adjectives

To be cozy 편안하다

To be small 작다

To be big 크다

To be quiet 조용하다

To be noisy 시끌벅적하다

To be messy 지저분하다

To be clean 깨끗하다

To be minimalistic 미니멀리스트하다

To be homey 같다

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~(으)러 • in order to

|| 02.13.20 || 안녕하세요 여러분! Today I thought I’d finally do a Korean grammar post, so here we are! I’m in 102 at my university, and this is something we just learned within the last week. Anyways here it is!

————

What is it?

~(으)러 is the ending that’s used for this point, and it’s very simple but hard to explain without an example so scroll just a bit further for one.

————

Formation

Take the infinitive, slice ~다 off, and add it on.

먹다 -> 먹 -> 먹으러

하다 -> 하 -> 하러

**notice the 받침!

————

Examples

저는 밥을 먹으러 식당에 가요.

I go to the restaurant in order to eat a meal.


우리는 친구들을 만나러 기숙사에 와요.

We come to the dorm in order to meet some friends.

** Notice the five main parts: subject, object, in-order-to-verb, location, and 가다/오다.

————

That’s it! Hope this helps, and please let me know if the colors are too much-I always found it helpful to see a sentence broken up but I can try to do it a different way next time:)

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쓰기 연습 (Written practice)

좋아하는 음식 중에 한 가지 골라서 조리법을 설명해주세요 (Choose one of your favorite food and explain the recipe).

For vocabulary, refer to this post.

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My best attempt at writing my feelings for the day despite knowing I don’t have enough knowledge about grammar to write this. I find myself being torn between prioritizing writing well or speaking well in Korean. Not good at either right now but I’m trying.

왜 어떤 사람들에게 이 세상에 너무 힘들어? 그 생각하는 것을 내 마음이 근양 아파. 진짜 아파. 아마도 왜냐하면 하루종일 비가 왔어서 나 기분이 슬펐는지 대문애. 모라.

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Originally posted by kokeeuniverse

i have been gone for a while (sorry!) but i hit my 365 streak with duolingo a while ago and decided i wanted to star from lesson one with both talk to me in korean and how to study korean (they have around the same amount of lessons per unit/level), and i am enjoying doing that!

a suggestion: TTMIK is faster lessons, but that means they don’t go deep (at least in the beginnings), but it’s obviously more natural. HTSK is great for going deep into grammar, if that helps you, or you’re confused about a specific grammar concept, but it is a much slower process. i think i’ll do a full review either here or on YouTube at some point, as there’s a lot of talk about TTMIK but not HTSK. :)

have a good day everyone! keep studying!

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The Date in Korean

Today, we’ll learn how to talk about the date in Korean. I strongly suggest taking a look at Sino-Korean numbers first if you haven’t already, because it’ll help you out a lot with dates. The numbers lessons can be found in the “numbers” tag of this blog.

Okay, let’s get started!

Year

It’s very simple to say the year in Korean. Just add the ending 년.

2020 = 2020년 (이천이십년)

*Note: It’s important to know how to say the numbers in Korean even though the symbols are the same. When reading 2020년 aloud, you wouldn’t say say “twenty twenty 년,” you’d say 이천이십년. This may seem obvious, but it can be tricky to get used to at first.

Month

Months are also very easy! Rather than having a word for each month, just attach 월 to the number that correlates to the month. Again, make sure to say the number in Korean. You wouldn’t say “one 월,” you’d say 일월.

1월 (일왈) - January

2월 (이월) - February

3월 (삼월) - March

4월 (사월) - April

5월 (오월) - May

6월 (유월) - June

7월 (칠월) - July

8월 (팔 월) - August

9월 (구월) - September

10월 (시월) - October

11월 (십일월) - November

12월 (십이월) - December

*You may have noticed that June is 유월 instead of 육월, and October is 시월 instead of 십월. This is for ease of pronuncation. Thank you to @chloeskoreanblog for informing me of this!

Day of the Month

The day of the month is easy as well! Simply add 일, meaning “day,” to the number of the day of the month.

the 15th = 15일 (십오일)

*If you know numbers in Korean, you know that 일 is also the Sino-Korean number one. Just remember that it has a different meaning when used this way.

Day of the Week

Just like in English, days of the week each have their own name in Korean. Notice that the names all end in 요일. In everyday conversation, however, this ending is often left out. This is similar to saying Mon. instead of Monday.

일요일 - Sunday

월요일 - Monday

화요일 - Tuesday

수요일 - Wednesday

목요일 - Thursday

금요일 - Friday

토요일 - Saturday

What date is it?

Now, let’s learn how to ask what the date is. To do this in Korean, you literally say “How many months and how many days are there?”

We know that 월 is used for the month, and 일 is used for the day of the month. Use 몇 for “how many.” For the month, 몇 월 is left as two words. For the day, the words 몇 and 일 combine to form 며칠. Then, we use 이에요, the present tense conjugation of 이다 (to be).

All together, here’s what we have:

몇 월 며칠이에요? - What is the date? (literally “How many months and how many days are there?”)

To make the question specific to today, simply add 오늘, the word for today, to the beginning of the sentence. Use the particle 은 to express that “today” is the subject of the sentence.

오늘은 몇 월 며칠이에요? - What is the date today? (literally “How many months and how many days are there today?”)

Notice that this question does not ask for the day of the week. Since days of the week don’t use numbers, it wouldn’t make sense to say “how many days of the week are there?” To ask for the day of the week, use the following:

무슨 요일이에요? - What day of the week is it?

오늘은 무슨 요일이에요? - What day of the week is it today?

How to Say the Date

Finally, let’s take a look at how to say the date. To answer our question, “몇 월 며칠이에요?,” order the elements of the date from the largest unit to the smallest. Put the year first, then the month, and then the day of the month.

January 15, 2020 = 2020년 1월 15일 (이천이십년 일월 십오일)

Simply saying “2020년 1월 15일” is fine, but you can add 오늘은 to the beginning and 이에요 to the end to be more specific.

Today is January 15, 2020. = 오늘은 2020년 1월 15일이에요.

To answer our question “오늘은 무슨 요일이에요?,” simply add 이에요 to the day of the week.

It is Friday. = 금요일이에요.

Now we know how to say the date in Korean! I hope this helped you out.

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History notes (click for hd)

2020-01-23

I had a busy day today with a full day of classes. I’ve been tired lately, and I had been starting to switch off from studying, but now I’m back on track and being more productive.

  • Learnt some Korean vocabulary
  • Finished redrafting my history essay
  • Successfully did my presentation on a piece by Berlioz for music class
  • I’m now going to make some flash cards for the poetry I’m studying in English Literature and for the set works and wider listening in music while watching a series
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Korean Through Games: Hongsam (홍삼)

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This game (like a lot of Korean games) is played with the same beat as the Frying Pan game (lap clap right thumb left thumb)

*see gif below*

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Intro:

아싸 홍삼 에브리바디 홍삼! 🎵

아 lap 싸 clap 홍 right 삼 left 에브리 lap 바디 clap 홍 right 삼 left

아싸 | assa (general cheer)

홍삼 | red ginseng

에브리바디 | Korean pronunciation of everybody

Rules:

첫 번째로 시작한 사람은 “아싸~ 너! 너!” 라고 외치며 두 사람을 지목합니다

The first person to start yells, “Assa~ you! You!” and picks two people

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지목을 당한 두 사람은 “아싸~ 너!”라고 외치며 각자 한 명씩 다른 사람을 선택합니다. 속도가 빠를수록 게임의 난이도는 높아지니 스피드를 점점 UP 시켜주세요~!

Those two chosen people yell, “Assa~ you!” and each choose a person. The faster the speed, the higher the level of difficulty, so slowly speed up how fast you go!

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서로 다른 사람을 지목하다 두 사람이 한 사람을 동시에 지목했다면 지목 당한 사람이 “아싸~ 홍삼~!” 이라고 말하며 자신만의 제스처를 보여줍니다. 그럼 다른 사람들도 모두 함께 “에브리바디~ 홍삼~!” 이라고 외치며 제스처를 따라 해야 합니다.

If the two people both pick the same person, the chosen person has to say, “Assa hongsam!” while doing a gesture of their choosing. And everyone else has to follow by responding with “everybody hongsam!”

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그리고 지목을 받은 사람이 다시 처음으로 돌아가 “아싸~ 너! 너!” 라고 외치며 두 명을 지목합니다. 

And the person who was chosen has to start over from the beginning with, “Assa~ you! You!” and pick two people.

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*you lose by not responding/choosing someone after being pointed at. ( basically if you miss your turn, you lose)*

Loser usually has to drink or receive some type of punishment

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Vocab:

외치다 | to yell/call out

지목하다 | to pick

선택하다 | to choose

따르다 | to follow

속도 | speed

난이도 | level of difficulty

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Saturday, Jan 11

Basically spent the entire day outside with my housemates and got one podcast and one chapter’s worth of grammar done ^^ my grammar notes are a bit short but it’s not a very difficult concept. I’m super tired so I’ll post it at a later date…

Do you like my heart diagram? I like it a lot too hehe…

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