study-co-jp
study-co-jp
日本語のブログ
今日は!!私はアビゲイルです。日本語の一年生です。一緒に学びましょう!!
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study-co-jp · 36 years ago
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hi everyone i am so sorry for being inactive for a while, i moved back home and have been really busy but i’m gonna make a few posts while i have some free time! 💕

8 notes
study-co-jp · 40 years ago
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adjective conjugation

there are 3 types of adjectives in japanese:

  1. い-ending
  2. な-ending
  3. irregular ending

to find the stem of an adjective, just remove its ending.

い - adjectives

ex: ちいさい - small

present affirmative: dictionary form (ちいさい)

present negative: stem + くない (ちいさくない)

past affirmative: stem + かった (ちいさかった)

past negative: stem + くなかった (ちいさくなかった)

な - adjectives

ex: げんきな - healthy/energetic

present affirmative: stem (げんき)

present negative: stem + じゃない (げんきじゃない)

past affirmative: stem + だった (げんきだった)

past negative: stem + じゃなかった (げんきじゃなかった)

irregular adjectives

there is only one irregular adjective*, いい, meaning good.

present affirmative: dictionary form (いい)

present negative: よくない

past affirmative: よかった

past negative: よくなかった

*note: いい can act as a base for some adjectives, such as かっこいい (good-looking) and あたまがいい (smart). conjugate these as the irregular adjective.

**in order to make these formal, just add 〜です to the end of all of them (no need to conjugate it as the adjective will be conjugated instead)!

183 notes
study-co-jp · 44 years ago
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antonyms

寒い / 暑い (sa•mu•i) / (a•tsu•i) - cold / hot

大きい / 小さい (o•o•ki•i) / (chi•i•sa•i) - big / small

背が低い / 背が高い (se•ga•hi•ku•i) / (se•ga•ta•ka•i) - short / tall

上手 / 下手 (jo•o•zu) / (he•ta) - skilled / clumsy

古い / 新しい (fu•ru•i) / (a•ta•ra•shi•i) - old / new

幸せ / 悲しい (shi•a•wa•se) / (ka•na•shi•i) - happy / sad

安い / 高い (ya•su•i) / (ta•ka•i) - cheap / expensive

面白い / 詰まらない (o•mo•shi•ro•i) / (tsu•ma•ra•na•i) - interesting / boring

格好いい / 醜い (ka•kko•i•i) / (mi•ni•ku•i) - good-looking / ugly

一緒に / 一人で (i•ssho•ni) / (hi•to•ri•de) - together / alone

上 / 下 (u•e) / (shi•ta) - over / under

親切 / 意地悪 (shi•n•se•tsu) / (i•ji•wa•ru) - kind / mean

276 notes
study-co-jp · 44 years ago
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桜 - cherry blossom

my dear friend mutsumi sent me these pictures of the sakura blooms in nagoya!

綺麗〜

44 notes
study-co-jp · 45 years ago
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word of the day

あまとう 甘党 (a•ma•to•o)

meaning: (someone with a) sweet tooth

kanji in this word:

  • 甘 - sweet / sugary
  • 党 - party / clique
98 notes
study-co-jp · 45 years ago
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word of the day

にくきゅう 肉球 (ni•ku•kyu•u)

meaning: paw pad

kanji in this word:

  • 肉 (ni•ku) - meat
  • 球 (kyu•u) - ball / sphere

可愛い!

372 notes
study-co-jp · 45 years ago
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きせつ 季節 (ki•se•tsu) - season

はる 春 (ha•ru) - spring

なつ 夏 (na•tsu) - summer

あき 秋 (a•ki) - fall

ふゆ 冬 (fu•yu) - winter

てんき 天気 (te•n•ki) - weather

はれ 晴れ (ha•re) - sunny

あめふり 雨降り (a•me•fu•ri) - rainy

くもり 曇り (ku•mo•ri) - cloudy

かみなり 雷 (ka•mi•na•ri) - thunder/lightning

ゆき 雪 (yu•ki) - snow

しぜん 自然 (shi•ze•n) - nature

き 木 (ki) - tree

もり 森 (mo•ri) - forest

はな 花 (ha•na) - flower

やま 山 (ya•ma) - mountain

かわ 川 (ka•wa) - river

うみ 海 (u•mi) - sea

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study-co-jp · 45 years ago
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tokidokitokyo:

将来の自分へ

お疲れ様です!これを読んでいたら、もう30日間のチャレンジを超えました。どうでしたか?上手く行けましたか?チャレンジの目標は語彙力を増強することです。ついでに新しい漢字を覚えたいと思います。勉強するのが大変だから勉強することも楽しめようと思います。自分ならできるので、その三つの目標をちゃんと達成しましたね。

元のトキドキより


Dear Future Self,

Good job! If you’re reading this, you have already overcome the 30-day challenge. How was it? Did you do well? The goal for this challenge is to improve my vocabulary. And while I’m at it I want to learn new kanji. Studying is difficult, so I want to make studying more fun. I know that because you’re me you can do it, so you have definitely accomplished those three goals.

From Your Past Self


Vocabulary

お疲れ様です おつかれさまです good job, well done (said at the end of the day)

チャレンジ self-challenge, trying hard to do something

超える こえる to exceed, to surpass

上手く行く うまくいく to go well, to go smoothly

目標 もくひょう mark, objective, target

語彙力 ごいりょく one’s vocabulary

増強する ぞうきょうする to augment, to strengthen, to increase

ついでに while you’re at it, taking the opportunity, incidentally

漢字 かんじ kanji, Chinese characters

覚える おぼえる to memorize

大変 たいへん immense, serious, difficult

楽しめる たのしめる to be able to enjoy

できる to be able to do

達成する たっせいする to achieve, to attain, to accomplish


Letter to my future self about the 30-day Japanese challenge.

Thanks to @study-co-jp for the inspiration!

thank you for tagging me in this!! i’m so excited to see your progress!! thanks for enjoying my language challenge! 💓

56 notes
study-co-jp · 46 years ago
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verb conjugation - short form

short forms have 4 uses:

  1. casual conversation
  2. quoting someone
  3. making negative requests
  4. preference for doing something

ru verbs

ex: たべる

present affirmative: dictionary form (たべる)

present negative: stem + ない (たべない)

past affirmative: て (て form) → た (たべた)

past negative: い (from short from present negative) → かった (たべなかった)

u verbs

there are some rules for u verb short forms

regular u-verbs

ex: つくる

present affirmative: dictionary form (つくる)

present negative: u → -anai (つくらない)

past affirmative: て (from て form) → た (つくった) / で → だ (as in, verbs in te forms ending in で rather than て)

past negative: い (from short form present negative) → かった (つくらなかった)

the exceptions to these conjugation patterns occurs in the short form present negative. u-verbs ending in う conjugate as u → wanai (うたう → うたわない).

the verb ある is also irregular in the short form. it conjugates as ない instead of あらない.

irregular verbs

する and くる are the 2 irregular verbs.

present affirmative: dictionary form

present negative: する → しない , くる → こない

past affirmative: して , きて

past negative:しなかった , こなかった

48 notes
study-co-jp · 46 years ago
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kinship vocabulary

refering to other families

おとうさん お父さん (o•to•o•sa•n) - father

おかあさん お母さん (o•ka•a•sa•n) - mother

おにいさん お兄さん (o•ni•i•sa•n) - older brother

おねえさん お姉さん (o•ne•e•sa•n) - older sister

おとうとさん 弟さん (o•to•o•to•sa•n) - younger brother

いもうとさん 妹さん (i•mo•o•to•sa•n) - younger sister

ごしゅじん ご主人 (go•shu•ji•n) - husband

おくさん 奥さん (o•ku•sa•n) - wife

おこさん お子さん (o•ko•sa•n) - child

referring to your family (formal)

ちち (chi•chi) - father

はは (ha•ha) - mother

あに (a•ni) - older brother

あね (a•ne) - older sister

おとうと (o•to•o•to) - younger brother

いもうと (i•mo•o•to) - younger sister

しゅじん 主人 (shu•ji•n) / おっと (o•tto) - husband

かない 家内 (ka•na•i) / つま (tsu•ma) - wife

うちのこ うちの子 (u•chi•no•ko) - child

referring to your family (informal)

おとうさん お父さん (o•to•o•sa•n) - father

おかあさん お母さん (o•ka•a•sa•n) - mother

おにいさん お兄さん (o•ni•i•sa•n) - older brother

おねえさん お姉さん (o•ne•e•sa•n) - older sister

おとうと (o•to•o•to) - younger brother

いもうと (i•mo•o•to) - younger sister

だんな (da•n•na) / うちのひと うちの人 (u•chi•no•hi•to) - husband

おくさん 奥さん (o•ku•sa•n) / よめさん 嫁さん (yo•me•sa•n) - wife

うちのこ うちの子 (u•chi•no•ko) - child

addressing your family

おとうさん お父さん (o•to•o•sa•n) / パパ (pa•pa) - father

おかあさん お母さん (o•ka•a•sa•n) / ママ (ma•ma) - mother

おにいちゃん お兄ちゃん (o•ni•i•cha•n) - older brother

おねえちゃん お姉ちゃん (o•ne•e•cha•n) - older sister

おとうさん お父さん (o•to•o•sa•n) - husband

おかあさん お母さん (o•ka•a•sa•n) - wife

note: when adressing your younger siblings or child, call them by their first name. also, when addressing family members, people often use the term that the youngest member of the family would use (ex: calling your husband/wife “father” or “mother”, calling your oldest son “older brother”)

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study-co-jp · 47 years ago
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ている form

there are 2 primary reasons for using ている forms:

  1. action in progress
  2. enduring state of being

these have the same stem as regular て-form verbs, but use the helping verb いる to change the meaning. いる conjugates as a ru-verb:

  • present affirmative: います
  • present negative: いません
  • past affirmative: いました
  • past negative: いませんでした

action in progress (-ing verbs)

to say you are in the process of doing something, you would use ている form. for example:

  • たべます (I eat) vs. たべています (I am eating)
  • うたいます (I sing) vs. うたっています (I am singing)
  • およぎます (I swim) vs. およいでいます (I am swimming)

enduring state of being

this concept is a little tricky, but if you think of it like this it might help a little bit:

I did this, and as a result, I am now this.

this only works with certain verbs! some examples

  • けっこんする - to get married
  • けっこんしています - I am married (I got married, and as a result, I am now married)
  • しる - to get to know
  • しっています - I know [something/someone] (I got to know [something/someone], and as a result, I now know […])

using these verbs in the long form conjugation will indicate a future action

45 notes
study-co-jp · 47 years ago
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hi, how are you, I started my 日本語の勉強 2 years ago (26th of January,2017), and I would like some basic vocabulary list, for example places, foods or even colors. I am entering N4/2nd Primary's kanjis and some vocab is really necessary here as I am only focusing in kanjis (because all the japanese games I love have a lot of kanjis) lol

hi! i’m also studying to take the jlpt soon and i was planning on making some lists for the vocab and kanji for each level! here are my food and color vocab lists i’ve already made though! 💕

colors

mealtime vocabulary

16 notes
study-co-jp · 47 years ago
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Hi! I was just wondering what is the yellow dude in your profile is called. (⌒_⌒;) I was searching and I couldn't find it. >_<

his name is pompompurin!! he’s a sanrio character!

6 notes
study-co-jp · 47 years ago
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verb conjugation - て form

て-form verbs are used to:

  • make polite requests
  • ask or give permission
  • forbidding something
  • describing two or more activites

there is no tense. when describing multiple activites (“I did this and that”, “I will do this and that”, etc.) the last verb is conjugated in the long form to indicate the tense of the sentence.

u-verbs

final う、つ、る becomes って

  • 会う → 会って (あう → あって)
  • 待つ → 待って(まつ → まって)
  • とる → とって (とる → とって)

final む、ぶ、ぬ becomes んで

  • 読む → 読んで (よむ → よんで)
  • 遊ぶ → 遊んで (あそぶ → あそんで)
  • 死ぬ → 死んで (しぬ → しんで)

final く becomes いて

  • 書く → 書いて (かく → かいて)
  • an exception to this rule is 行く becomes 行って (いく→ いって)

final ぐ becomes いで

  • 泳ぐ → 泳いで (およぐ → およいで)

final す becomes して

  • 話す → 話して (はなす → はなして)

ru-verbs

る becomes て

  • 食べる → 食べて (たべる → たべて)

irregular verbs

する becomes して

くる becomes きて

〜てください = “Please do ….”

〜てもいいです = “You may do ….”

  • asking for permission to do something is 〜てもいいですか。

〜てはいけません = “You must not ….”

214 notes
study-co-jp · 47 years ago
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Hi, Abigail! I just wanted to say thank you and congrats for running such a wonderful bog <3 I'm slowly trying to learn this beautiful language and your posts are super useful, and I'm especially super thankful for your use of rōmaji!!! <3 Keep up the great work <3

ありがとうございます!! thank you so much!! good luck to you in all your endeavors!💕

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study-co-jp · 47 years ago
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verb conjugation - long forms

u-verbs

stem: drop the “u” and change it to -i ending consonant. for example:

  • 行く becomes 行き
  • 帰る becomes 帰り
  • 飲む becomes 飲み
  • *note- some u-verbs will have the ending る

ru-verbs

stem: drop る. for example:

  • 食べる becomes 食べ
  • 見る becomes 見
  • 教える becomes 教え

irregular verbs (する、くる)

stem:

  • する becomes し
  • くる becomes き

conjugation for all long form verbs (excluding です)

present affirmative: stem + ます

present negative: stem + ません

past affirmative: stem + ました

past negative: stem + ませんでした

です - special case

present affirmative: です

present negative: じゃないです

past affirmative: でした

past negative: じゃなかったです

86 notes
study-co-jp · 49 years ago
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こんにちは!!

if you see me make a typo or say something wrong please please correct me! i try to proofread my posts before publishing them but sometimes i miss things so don’t be afraid to tell me something’s wrong!! 💓

6 notes
study-co-jp · 49 years ago
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年賀状 - nengajo

the nengajo is a special type of japanese greeting card sent out to commemorate the new year! they are also called 年賀はがき (nengahagaki) because they are written on postcards.

何は年賀状をいただきますか。Who recieves a nengajo?

although some people only send them to friends and family, it is traditional to send them to everyone you know, including colleagues and people you haven’t spoken to in a while. these are means to keep in touch and express gratitude towards people in your life who have helped you! it is customary to send one back if you receive one from someone.

these cards are delivered on january 1st, and they are most often decorated to reflect the chinese zodiac year. 2019 is the year of the boar, so many 年賀状 will be decorated with pictures and art featuring pigs! some people decorate their own, but they can also be bought at post offices.

年賀状 also include lottery numbers printed on every card! many prizes can be won if you receive a card with the winning numbers on it!

if someone has a family member that passed away during the year, they are not supposed to send or recieve 年賀状. earlier in the year, they will typically send out a special type of card which announces this.

some useful phrases

明けましておめでとうございます。= Happy new year!

ご健勝とご多幸をお祈り申し上げます。= Wishing your family good health and happiness.

昨年はお世話になりました。= Thank you for everything last year.

今年もよろしくお願いします。= Thank you in advance for this year.

115 notes
study-co-jp · 50 years ago
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ひだり 左 (hi•da•ri) - left

みぎ 右 (mi•gi) - right

まえ 前 (ma•e) - front

うしろ 後ろ (u•shi•ro) - back

なか 中 (na•ka) - inside

うえ 上 (u•e) - on; above

した 下 (shi•ta) - under; below

ちかく 近く (chi•ka•ku) - nearby

となり 隣 (to•na•ri) - next to

あいだ 間 (a•i•da) - between

these words all use the particle の. in order to describe where something is, you have to say nounのlocation word. for example:

机の上 = on top of the desk

レストランの前 = in front of the restaurant

間 is used in the format of AとBの間. for example:

公園とスーパーの間 = between the park and the supermarket

327 notes
study-co-jp · 50 years ago
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vocabulary requests

こんにちは!!

i’m going to start taking requests for vocabulary lists because sometimes finding inspiration for them is hard! if anyone would like to request one, just send me an ask!

5 notes