오늘 어디에 갈 거예요? - Where are you going today?
쇼핑몰에 갈 거예요. - I will go to the shopping mall.
뭐 하러 가요? - What are you going there for?
선물을 사러 가요. - I am going to buy a present.
오늘은 우리 기념일이에요. - Today is our anniversary.
남자친구 선물을 추천해 주세요. - Please recommend a present for my boyfriend.
커플 신발은 어때요? - How about couple shoes?
이 신발은 한 켤레에 얼마예요? - How much for one pair of these shoes?
70,000원이에요. - It’s 70,000 won.
너무 비싸요. - It’s too expensive.
좀 깎아주세요. - Please reduce the price a little.
현금으로 결제할 거예요? - Will you pay with cash?
현금으로 하면 5,000원 깎아 줄게요. - If you pay with cash, I will reduce the price by 5,000 won.
봉투 필요하세요? - Do you need a plastic bag?
네, 하나 주세요. - Yes, please give me one.
봉투는 한 장에 50원입니다. - The price for one plastic bag is 50 won.
장미꽃 좀 보여주세요. - I am looking for some roses ; Please show me some roses.
네, 구경하세요. - Yes, please look around.
누구에게 선물할 거예요? - Who will you give the present to?
여자친구에게 선물할 거예요. - I will give the present to my girlfriend.
여자친구가 장미꽃을 좋아해요. - My girlfriend likes roses.
장미꽃은 한 송이에 3,000원이에요. - One rose costs 3,000 won.
이 꽃다발은 26,000원이에요. - This bunch of flowers costs 26,000 won.
케이크 좀 더 작은 건 없어요? - Don’t you have a smaller cake?
이 케이크는 너무 커요. - This cake is too big.
이 초코 케이크는 18,000원이에요. - This chocolate cake cost 18,000 won.
현금 영수증 필요하세요? - Do you need a cast receipt?
네, 해주세요. - Yes, please give it to me.
입력하다 - To input
너무 지쳐요. - I’m so tired.
우리 커피 마시러 가요. - Let’s go drink coffee.
아메리카노 한 잔 주세요. - Please give me one americano.
라테도 한 잔 주세요. - Please give me one latte too.
9,000원입니다. - It’s 9,000 won.
10,000원 받았습니다. - I received 10,000 won.
여기 잔돈 1,000원 있습니다. - Here is your 1,000 won change.
진동벹이 울리면 커피 받으러 오세요. - When the vibration bell rings, please come and take your coffee.
le titre- title
une provision- provision
un.e conseill.er.ère- advisor
un.e réforma.teur.trice- reformer
la régence- regency
la publication- publication
grâce à- thanks to
posséder- to possess, to own
développer- to develop
diriger- to direct
rassembler- to gather together again
éduquer- to educate
adhérer- to adhere
restituer- to restitute
rouvrir- to re-open
Harry Potter ja Feeniksin kilta
Kahdeskymmenestoinen luku: Pyhän Mungon taikatautien ja -vammojen sairaala - Chapter 22: St Mungo’s Hospital of Magical Maladies and Injuries
ottaa todesta - to take seriously
kuolata - to drool
tuokio - moment
kita - mouth
ei päätä eikä häntää - doesn’t make sense, can’t make head or tail of it
sähkövimpain - electric gadget
ikkunasomistus - window decoration
mallinukke - dummy, mannequin
näyteikkuna - shop window
nailon - nylon
parantaja - Healer
Kahdeskymmeneskolmas luku: Joulu suljetulla osastolla - Chapter 23: Christmas in the Closed Ward
käydä päinsä - to be acceptable
keskenkasvuinen - adolescent
(lumi)pyry - snowstorm
heinä - strength, strong point (se on minun heiniä - it is my strong point)
konsanaan - ever
hämähäkinseitti - spiderweb
päällepantava - clothes, sth that can be worn
kuumavesikattila - boiler
mukaan lukien - including
juolahtaa mieleen - to come to mind
joutuisasti - quickly
ankerias - eel
kaunokirjoitus - cursive, joined-up handwriting
mieltymys - preference, liking
tallata - to stomp
嚔 (JLPT n2)
Def. - Sneeze
*The kanji can sometimes represent the reading “けさめ/kesame” (althought kana is more common) which is said when someone sneezes twice in a row. けさめ’s best equivalent in English is “Bless you/Gusundheit” and is supposed to be a charm against an early death.
Lesson 16 : Very, A Bit, Really, Not Really, Not at All
조금 - a little / a bit / a little bit
· 조금 비싸요. - It’s a little expensive.
비싸다 - to be expensive
· 조금만 주세요. - Only give me a little bit.
· 소금 조금만 주세요. - Please only give me a little bit of salt.
소금 - salt
정말 - really / truly
정말 is considered a little more formal than 진짜, but they mean almost the exact same thing
· 정말 빨라요. - It’s really fast
빨라다 - to be fast
· 정말 이상해요. - It’s really strange.
· Sample Conversation using 진짜
A : 제가 방 청소했어요.
B : 아…진짜?
A : 예, 진짜! 보고 싶어요?
아주 - very / quite
아주 is the most standard way to say very in written form, but it is not used often in spoken Korean. 정말 or 진짜 is used instead.
· 아주 맛있어요. - It’s very delicious.
· 아주 멀어요. - Its very far away.
멀다 - to be far
별로 - not really / not particularly
별로 is always used in negative sentences, regardless of whether the verb following has a positive or negative meaning. Rather than just using 별로, 안 must be used to make the sentence a negative. Using 별로 allows the listener to guess the sentence will end with a negative form.
· 별로 안 비싸요. - It’s not so expensive.
· 별로 재미없어요. - It’s not that interesting.
· 별로 안 나빠요. - It’s not that bad.
나빠다 - to be bad
전혀 - not at all
In spoken Korean, 하나도 is used more often than 전혀.
· 전혀 안 바빠요. - I’m not busy at all.
바빠다 - to be busy
· 전혀 안 더워요. - It’s not hot at all.
덥다 - to be hot
Lesson 17 : Can, Cannot
-(으)ᄅᅠ 수 있다 - conjunction to express that you can do something
· 볼 수 있다 - can see
· 먹 을 수 있다 - can eat
· 운전할 수 있어요? - Can you drive?
· 일본어 할 수 있어요? - Can you speak Japanese?
· 이거 읽을 수 있어요? - Can you read this?
-(으)ᄅᅠ 수 없다 - conjunction to express that you cannot do something
· 잘 수 없다 - can’t sleep
· 잡을 수 없다 - can’t catch
못 - used before a verb to express “cannot”
In spoken Korean, 못 is used more commonly to express cannot.
· 못 읽어요. - I can’t read it.
· 지금 못 만나요. - I can’t meet you now.
Lesson 18 : To be good / poor at…
잘하다 - to do (object) well / to be good at (object)
못하다 - to do (object) poorly / to be bad at (object)
Saying 못 하다 with a pause gives the phrase the meaning of being unable to do something.
Saying 잘 못하다 softens the meaning. It literally means that you cannot do something well. However, be careful because if you forget the pause, it changes the nuance to doing something the wrong way instead. Additionally, 잘못하다 means “to make a mistake”.
노래를 잘하다 - to sing well
요리를 못하다 - to cook poorly
수영을 잘 못하다 - cannot swim well
잘 달리다 - to run well
잘 쓰다 - to write well
저는 노래를 잘 못해요. - I cannot sing well.
제 친구는 수영을 잘해요. - My friend is good at swimming.
저는 퍼즐을 잘 풀어요. - I am good at solving puzzles.
저는 글씨를 잘 못 써요. - My handwriting is not good.
매운 거 잘 먹어요? - Are you good at eating spicy food?
Lesson 19 : Making verbs into nouns
-는 것 - general way of turning a verb into a noun
This can take many different meanings: “doing” something, the act of “doing” something, the thing which one “does”, what one “does”, the fact that one is “doing” or “does” something.
보는 것 - the act of seeing / the thing that you see
가는 것 - the act of going
먹는 것 - the act of eating / the thing that you eat
먹은 것 - what you ate
먹을 것 - what you will eat
사는 것 - the act of buying / the thing that you buy
산 것 - what you bought
살 것 - what you will buy
지금 듣는 것은 노래예요. - What I’m listening to now is a song.
지금 듣는 거는 노래예요. - What I’m listening to now is a song.
오늘 만나는 거 알아요? - Do you know that we are meeting today?
매운 거 잘 먹어요? - Are you good at eating spicy foods?
제 취미는 영화 보는 거예요. - My hobby is watching movies.
요즘 공부하는 거는 뭐예요? - What is it that you’re studying these days?
저는 친구랑 수다따는 거를 좋아해요. - I like chit-chatting with my friends.
Lesson 20 : Have to, Should, Must
-아/어/여 + -야되다 - conjunction for have to/should
-아/어/여 + -야하다 - conjunction for have to/should
자야 되다 - should sleep / have to sleep
자야 하다 - should sleep / have to sleep
써야 되다 - should write / have to write
써야 하다 - should write / have to write
집에 가야 돼요. - I have to go home.
저는 뭐 해야 돼요? - What should I do?
언제까지 여기에 있어야 돼요? - Until when should I be here?
누구한테 줘야 돼요? - Who should I give this to?
어디에서 사야 돼요? - Where should I buy it?
Lesson 11 : Self-Introduction
자기소개 - self-introduction
저는 학생이에요. - I am a student.
저는 제임스예요. - I am James.
제 이름은 최경은이에요. - My name is Gyeong-Eun Choi.
제 여동생 이름은 탈리나예요. - My younger sister’s name is Taliana.
저는 30살이에요. - I am 30 years old.
제 나이는 비밀이에요. - My age is a secret.
나이 - age
비밀 - secret
[BLANK]은/는 [BLANK]이/가 [VERB]
저는 여동생이 있어요. - I have a younger sister.
저는 취미가 없어요. - I don’t have any hobbies.
저는 취미가 수영이에요. - My hobby is swimming.
수영 - swimming
[BLANK]은/는 [BLANK]에/에서 [VERB]
저는 서울에 살아요. - I live in Seoul.
살다 - to live
저는 은행에서 일해요. - I work in a bank.
은행 - bank
저는 대학교에서 중국어를 가르쳐요. - I teach Chinese in univeristy.
대학교 - university
중국어 - Chinese
가르치다 - to teach
저는 미국에서 태어났어요. - I was born in the USA
Important and useful words
직장 - workplace
직업 - job
사는 곳 - place of living
가족 - family
친척 - extended family
대학생 - university student
고등학생 - high school student
중학생 - middle school student
초등학생 - elementary school student
처음 뵙겠습니다. - How do you do?
반갑습니다. - It’s nice to meet you.
제 명함이에요. - It’s my business card.
다음에 또 봬요. - See you again next time.
이야기 많이 들었어요. - I have heard a lot about you.
Lesson 12 : What is Today’s Date?
[number]월 - month (i.e 1월 -> January)
몇 월 - which month
[number]일 - day of the month
며칠 - what date
몇 월 며칠 - what month and what date
몇 월 며칠이에요? - What is the date?
오늘 몇 월 며칠이에요? - What is today’s date?
생일이 몇 월 며칠이에요? - What date is your birthday?
생일이 언제예요? - When is your birthday?
Lesson 13/14 : Too, Also
-도 - too / also
저도 좋아해요. - I like it too.
저도 그런 것 같아요. - I think so too.
저도 봤어요. - I saw it too.
이거도 가져왔어요. - I brought this too.
저도 물 주세요. - Please give ME water too.
저 물도 주세요. - Please give me WATER too.
[Verb stem]기 - turns a verb into its noun form (so you can add -도)
저는 영어도 가르쳐요. - I also teach ENGLISH.
저는 영어를 가르치도 해요. - I also TEACH English / I even TEACH English.
컴퓨터도 고쳐요. - I also fix COMPUTERS.
컴퓨터를 고치기도 해요. - I also FIX computers. / I even FIX computers.
Lesson 15 : Only
-만 - only / just
이거만 살 거예요. - I will buy only this.
저만 들었어요. - Only I heard.
아침에만 커피(를) 마셔요. - I drink coffee in the morning only.
듣기만 했어요. - I only listened.
보기만 할 거예요. - I will only look.
오늘만 일찍 왔어요. - I came early just today.
일찍 - early
맥주만 주문했어요. - I ordered only beer.
어제 놀기만 했어요. - Yesterday, I only played.
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(Neo) Latin vocab of the day
[ID: an elevator]
bremsen - to brake
sich verletzen - to get hurt
hektisch - nervous
den Rettungsdienst rufen - to call for help, to call an ambulance
den Zussamenstoß vermeiden - to avoid a collision
Erste Hilfe leisten - to give first aid
gegen einen Baum fahren - to drive into a tree
ins Schleudern kommen - to skid
sich ein Bein brechen - to break a leg
vom Rad fallen - to fall off a bike
der Blumenladen - flower shop
die Boutique - boutique
die Buchhandlung - book shop
der Computerladen - computer shop
die Drogerie - drug store
das Einkaufszentrum - shopping center
das Kaufhaus - a type of a department store
der Modeshop - clothing store
das Musikgeschäft - music store
das Schmuckgeschäft - jewellery store
das Schreibwarengeschäft - stationary, writing supplies store
das Schuhgeschäft - shoe store
das Sportgeschäft - sport supplies store
der Kassenbon - receipt
der Lärm - noise, uproar
der Nachteil - disadvantage, downside, mnus
der Vorteil - advantage, upside, plus
die Umklaidekabine - dressing room
die Ware - product
anprobieren - try on
shoppen - to shop
umtauschen - to exchange
praktisch - practical
preisgunstig - inexpensive
preiswert - worthy of its price
schick - chique
an der Kasse warten - to wait at the register
Das steht mir gut - this looks good on me
im Sonderangebot sein - to be on sale
in sein - to be in
Keine Ursache! - No problem!
online kaufen - to buy online
von guter/von schlechter Qualität - of good/bad quality