Nikola Tesla was an inventor, discoverer, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, theoretical and experimental physicist, mathematician, futurist and humanitarian. He was a hyper-polyglot who could speak eight languages including: Serbo-Croatian, English, Czech, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, and Latin. He was known to have one of the most remarkable memories, being able to recite full books, poetry and mathematical formulas by heart. He claimed to have had a three-dimensional memory and thought process that tormented him in his youth, but later aided him with building his inventions in his own mind without wasting any physical energy. Tesla was a man who was far ahead of his time, and even our time today. He was the first to discover the rotating magnetic field, and invent and patent a commutatorless alternating current induction motor based off this discovery. All electrical machinery using or generating alternating current is due to Tesla, without which all our electrified power lines, long distance trolley cars, electric vehicles, and our subways would be far less advanced. He is the true father of radio, sending the first radio signals up to 30 miles in distance in experiments at his Houston Street laboratory before its destruction by fire in 1895. He was the first to demonstrate wireless energy/power by lighting his phosphorescent light bulbs wirelessly in a demonstration given before electrical institutes from 1891-1893, and later lit lamps wirelessly at a distance of 25 miles away from his transmitter. In his labs he conducted a range of experiments with mechanical oscillators/generators, electrical discharge tubes, electrical therapy, and some of the first X-ray imaging. Tesla was also the first to demonstrate remote control, building a wireless controlled boat first exhibited in 1898. At Colorado Springs in 1899, he created artificial lightning bolts 100 feet long, and sent currents around the Earth with a mean velocity of 292,815 miles per second with his transmitter patented in 1900. Some of his greatest experiments and demonstrations have yet to be reproduced by even our greatest scientists today. Although not recognized for, he was the first to discover the electron, radioactivity, terrestrial resonance, stationary waves (standing waves), and cosmic rays, which he also recorded traveling many times faster than light. His life long work was a dynamic theory of gravity that explained the causes of gravitation and the motions of heavenly bodies, which he claimed had been worked out in all details and he hoped to give it to the world. He was so satisfied with his theory that he believed it would put an end to the “idle speculations and false conceptions” rooted from Albert Einstein’s Theory of Relativity. All his ideas and discoveries were logical inferences based off knowledge from his many years of investigations, experiments and developments in science and radio technology. Tesla predicted television, the internet, smart phones, weather control, interplanetary communication, an idea to produce an artificial Aurora Borealis to light the night skies, a particle beam to be used for defense in war, and the transmission of wireless power to any point on the globe. He intended to unify all these innovations into one big machine known as his Magnifying Transmitter, or his World System, but lacked the investments and funds to finish and prove his work on a large scale. Tesla would eventually die penniless and alone in his New York apartment, but like all the greats throughout history he lives on through all his inventions and contributions to this world.
“Let the future tell the truth and evaluate each one according to his work and accomplishments. The present is theirs; the future, for which I really worked, is mine.” –Nikola Tesla
"To the popular mind this sensational advance conveys the impression of a single invention but in reality it is an art, the successful practice of which involves the employment of a great many discoveries and improvements. I viewed it as such when I undertook to solve wireless problems and it is due to this fact that my insight into its underlying principles was clear from their very inception.
"In the course of development of my induction motors it became desirable to operate them at high speeds and for this purpose I constructed alternators of relatively high frequencies. The striking behavior of the currents soon captivated my attention and in 1889 I started a systematic investigation of their properties and the possibilities of practical application. The first gratifying result of my efforts in this direction was the transmission of electrical energy through one wire without return, of which I gave demonstrations in my lectures and addresses before several scientific bodies here and abroad in 1891 and 1892. During that period, while working with my oscillation transformers and dynamos of frequencies up to 200,000 cycles per second, the idea gradually took hold of me that the earth might be used in place of the wire, thus dispensing with artificial conductors altogether. The immensity of the globe seemed an unsurmountable obstacle but after a prolonged study of the subject I became satisfied that the undertaking was rational, and in my lectures before the Franklin Institute and National Electric Light Association early in 1893 I gave the outline of the system I had conceived. In the latter part of that year, at the Chicago World’s Fair, I had the good fortune of meeting Prof. Helmholtz to whom I explained my plan, illustrating it with experiments. On that occasion I asked the celebrated physicist for an expression of opinion on the feasibility of the scheme. He stated unhesitatingly that it was practicable, provided I could perfect apparatus capable of putting it into effect but this, he anticipated, would be extremely difficult to accomplish.
Figs. 5 & 6. — A Section of the Earth and Its Atmospheric Envelope Drawn to Scale. It is Obvious That the Hertzian Rays Cannot Traverse So Thin a Crack Between Two Conducting Surfaces For Any Considerable Distance. Without Being Absorbed, Says Dr. Tesla, in Discussing the Ether Space Wave Theory.
"I resumed the work very much encouraged and from that date to 1896 advanced slowly but steadily, making a number of improvements the chief of which was my system of concatenated tuned circuits and method of regulation, now universally adopted. In the summer of 1897 Lord Kelvin happened to pass through New York and honored me by a visit to my laboratory where I entertained him with demonstrations in support of my wireless theory. He was fairly carried away with what he saw but, nevertheless, condemned my project in emphatic terms, qualifying it as something impossible, “an illusion and a snare.” I had expected his approval and was pained and surprised. But the next day he returned and gave me a better opportunity for explanation of the advances I had made and of the true principles underlying the system I had evolved. Suddenly he remarked with evident astonishment: “Then you are not making use of Hertz waves?” “Certainly not,” I replied, “these are radiations. No energy could be economically transmitted to a distance by any such agency. In my system the process is one of true conduction which, theoretically, can be effected at the greatest distance without appreciable loss.” I can never forget the magic change that came over the illustrious philosopher the moment he freed himself from that erroneous impression. The skeptic who would not believe was suddenly transformed into the warmest of supporters. He parted from me not only thoroughly convinced of the scientific soundness of the idea but strongly exprest his confidence in its success. In my exposition to him I resorted to the following mechanical analogues of my own and the Hertz wave system.
"Imagine the earth to be a bag of rubber filled with water, a small quantity of which is periodically forced in and out of the same by means of a reciprocating pump, as illustrated. If the strokes of the latter are effected in intervals of more than one hour and forty-eight minutes, sufficient for the transmission of the impulse through the whole mass, the entire bag will expand and contract and corresponding movements will be imparted to pressure gauges or movable pistons with the same intensity, irrespective of distance. By working the pump faster, shorter waves will be produced which, on reaching the opposite end of the bag, may be reflected and give rise to stationary nodes and loops, but in any case, the fluid being incompressible, its inclosure perfectly elastic, and the frequency of oscillations not very high, the energy will be economically transmitted and very little power consumed so long as no work is done in the receivers. This is a crude but correct representation of my wireless system in which, however, I resort to various refinements. Thus, for instance, the pump is made part of a resonant system of great inertia, enormously magnifying the force of the imprest impulses. The receiving devices are similarly conditioned and in this manner the amount of energy collected in them vastly increased.
Fig. 7. — The Theory Has Been Seriously Advanced and Taught that the Radio Ether Wave Oscillations Pass Around the Earth by Successive Reflections, as Here Shown. The Efficiency of Such a Reflector Cannot be more than 25 Per Cent; the Amount of Energy Recoverable is a 12,000-mile Transmission being but One Hundred and Fifteen Billionth Part of One Watt, with 1.000 Kilowatts at the Transmitter.
"The Hertz wave system is in many respects the very opposite of this. To explain it by analogy, the piston of the pump is assumed to vibrate to and fro at a terrific rate and the orifice thru which the fluid passes in and out of the cylinder is reduced to a small hole. There is scarcely any movement of the fluid and almost the whole work performed results in the production of radiant heat, of which an infinitesimal part is recovered in a remote locality. However incredible, it is true that the minds of some of the ablest experts have been from the beginning, and still are, obsest by this monstrous idea, and so it comes that the true wireless art, to which I laid the foundation in 1893, has been retarded in its development for twenty years. This is the reason why the “statics” have proved unconquerable, why the wireless shares are of little value and why the Government has been compelled to interfere.
"We are living on a planet of well-nigh inconceivable dimensions, surrounded by a layer of insulating air above which is a rarefied and conducting atmosphere (Fig. 5). This is providential, for if all the air were conducting the transmission of electrical energy thru the natural media would be impossible. My early experiments have shown that currents of high frequency and great tension readily pass thru an atmosphere but moderately rarefied, so that the insulating stratum is reduced to a small thickness as will be evident by inspection of Fig. 6, in which a part of the earth and its gaseous envelope is shown to scale. If the radius of the sphere is 12½”, then the non-conducting layer is only 1/64″ thick and it will be obvious that the Hertzian rays cannot traverse so thin a crack between two conducting surfaces for any considerable distance, without being absorbed. The theory has been seriously advanced that these radiations pass around the globe by successive reflections, but to show the absurdity of this suggestion reference is made to Fig. 7 in which this process is diagrammatically indicated. Assuming that there is no refraction, the rays, as shown on the right, would travel along the sides of a polygon drawn around the solid, and inscribed into the conducting gaseous boundary in which case the length of the side would be about 400 miles. As one-half the circumference of the earth is approximately 12,000 miles long there will be, roughly, thirty deviations. The efficiency of such a reflector cannot be more than 25 per cent, so that if none of the energy of the transmitter were lost in other ways, the part recovered would be measured by the fraction (¼)30. Let the transmitter radiate Hertz waves at the rate of 1,000 kilowatts. Then about one hundred and fifteen billionth part of one watt is all that would be collected in a perfect receiver. In truth, the reflections would be much more numerous as shown on the left of the figure, and owing to this and other reasons, on which it is unnecessary to dwell, the amount recovered would be a vanishing quantity.
Fig. 8. — This Diagram Illustrates How, During a Solar Eclipse, the Moon's Shadow Passes Over the Earth With Changing Velocity, and Should Be Studied In Connection With Fig. 9. The Shadow Moves Downward With Infinite Velocity at First. Then With Its True Velocity Thru Space, and Finally With Infinite Velocity Again.
"Consider now the process taking place in the transmission by the instrumentalities and methods of my invention. For this purpose attention is called to Fig. 8, which gives an idea of the mode of propagation of the current waves and is largely self-explanatory. The drawing represents a solar eclipse with the shadow of the moon just touching the surface of the earth at a point where the transmitter is located. As the shadow moves downward it will spread over the earth’s surface, first with infinite and then gradually diminishing velocity until at a distance of about 6,000 miles it will attain its true speed in space. From there on it will proceed with increasing velocity, reaching infinite value at the opposite point of the globe. It hardly need be stated that this is merely an illustration and not an accurate representation in the astronomical sense.
Fig. 9. — Theory.
"The exact law will be readily understood by reference to Fig. 9, in which a transmitting circuit is shown connected to earth and to an antenna. The transmitter being in action, two effects are produced: Hertz waves pass through the air, and a current traverses the earth. The former propagate with the speed of light and their energy is unrecoverable in the circuit. The latter proceeds with the speed varying as the cosecant of the angle which a radius drawn from any point under consideration forms with the axis of symmetry of the waves. At the origin the speed is infinite but gradually diminishes until a quadrant is traversed, when the velocity is that of light. From there on it again increases, becoming infinite at the antipole. Theoretically the energy of this current is recoverable in its entirety, in properly attuned receivers.
Fig. 10. — Tesla's World-Wide Wireless Transmission of Electrical Signals, As Well As Light and Power, Is Here Illustrated in Theory, Analogy and Realization. Tesla's Experiments With 100 Foot Discharges At Potentials of Millions of Volts Have Demonstrated That the Hertz Warn Are Infinitesimal In Effect and Unrecoverable: the Recoverable Ground Waves of Tesla Fly "Through the Earth". Radio Engineers Are Gradually Beginning to See the Light and That the Laws of Propagation Laid Down by Tesla Over a Quarter of a Century Ago Form the Real and True Basis of All Wireless Transmission To-Day.
"Some experts, whom I have credited with better knowledge, have for years contended that my proposals to transmit power without wires are sheer nonsense but I note that they are growing more cautious every day. The latest objection to my system is found in the cheapness of gasoline. These men labor under the impression that the energy flows in all directions and that, therefore, only a minute amount can be recovered in any individual receiver. But this is far from being so. The power is conveyed in only one direction, from the transmitter to the receiver, and none of it is lost elsewhere. It is perfectly practicable to recover at any point of the globe energy enough for driving an airplane, or a pleasure boat or for lighting a dwelling. I am especially sanguine in regard to the lighting of isolated places and believe that a more economical and convenient method can hardly be devised. The future will show whether my foresight is as accurate now as it has proved heretofore."
Presenter Erika Ishii presents a wireless solution for Virtual Reality experiences, with a high powered laptop strapped to the back with an Htc Vive pro (though it isn’t clear how long the batteries will last):
THIS IS THE VIRTUAL REALITY I WAS PROMISED. @TeaganMorrison built us a wireless VR rig! @Alienware 15 laptop, @htcvive pro, army frame backpack.
“NIKOLA TESLA FOR THE FIRST TIME DESCRIBES HIS NEW SYSTEM FOR SUPPLYING WIRELESS POWER TO RUN ALL THE EARTH’S INDUSTRIES.”
By Marcel Roland. New York American, September 3, 1911.
By a series of discoveries and inventions just perfected, Nikola Tesla, the electrical scientist, has upset what has hitherto been regarded as one of the fixed laws of nature. “Every effect diminishes with distance,” is the way the textbooks have expressed it.
Tesla now says that instead of decreasing like other forces, electricity may be made to increase in intensity with the distance traveled.
The full significance of this discovery may not be at once apparent. It is obvious, however, that it annihilates space. There can be no limit to the power of the electric wave which increases in intensity the further it travels.
For nearly 20 years Tesla has been working on his plan, he calls it his wireless “World System.” If it is put into successful execution it will convert the earth into a gigantic conduit, which will pass power for all earthly activities, and make possible communication with other planets.
From time to time Tesla has made partial announcements as his work progressed. This, however, is the first comprehensive account of his system as a whole that the inventor has consented to give to the world.
“Through ages past man has anyways attempted to project in some way or other energy into space. In all his attempts, no matter what agent he employed, he was hampered by the inexorable law of nature which says every effect diminishes with distance, generally as the square of the same, sometimes more rapidly.
“I saw at once that space was annihilated in all the three aspects; in the transport of our bodies and materials and in the earth, transmission of the energies necessary for our existence. You can imagine how profoundly I was affected by this revelation. Technically, it meant that the earth, as a whole, had certain periods of vibrations, and that by by impressing electrical vibrations of the same periods upon it, it could be thrown into oscillations of such nature that innumerable benefits could be derived.
“It is difficult to convey an idea of these inventions without resorting to technical terms. The first and best known of these is my transformer, which enables the production of electrical vibrations of transcending intensities. I have already attained activities of many millions of horse power; but this is nothing compared to those which I am expecting to get with my improved apparatus.
“The second is what I have termed my magnifying transmitter, which I look upon as my best electrical invention, and with which any distance can be bridged. I have already passed of this wonderful instrument and am confident that a message can be flashed to such a distance as the planet Mars.
“Some technical men would be disposed to look upon such statements as those of a dreamer, but it is only because they have not had opportunities to see experiments which I have actually performed. The third invention I have designated as the “Art of individualization,” which enables the transmission of an unlimited number of messages through a wire or wireless, without the slightest interference. Not before this improvement is universally adopted will the world fully realise the benefits of telegraphy and telephony. The fourth invention is my receiver, which concentrates the energy transmitted over a wide area into the operating device.”
What would the voltage in your transmitter be?
“In the transmission of telegraphic and telephonic messages I shall employ from five to ten million volts, but in transmitting power in great quantities, as much as one hundred million volts will be used.“
How will your “World System” compare with those now in use as regards to cost?
“We could easily afford to offer a transmission of telegraphic and telephonic messages to any terrestrial distance for five cents a word. In a short while no one will think it anything out of the way to dictate or to write a long letter across the Pacific.”
How long does it take for the transmission of a message, by your system, around the world?
“The exact time is, according to my measurements, 43-1000 of a second, which is a speed about 50 per cent greater than that of light.
“The impulse starts from my magnifying transmitter with infinite speed, slows first rapidly and then at a lesser rate until, when it has penetrated to a distance of 6000 miles from the transmitter, it proceeds with approximately the speed of light. From there on it accelerates, first slowly and then more rapidly, and reaches the opposite point of the globe again with infinite speed only to rebound and pass through the same phases on its way back to the transmitter.
“This movement of electricity through the Earth, which takes place strictly in accordance with a mathematical law, and enables a great number of accurate measurements and determinations to be made, which are of immense practical and scientific value.”
Is your universal marine service based upon this principle?
“Largely so. In setting up and maintaining stationary waves in the earth its entire surface is subdivided in perfectly definite zones of electric activity, so that any observer of all those data which are of importance to navigators as the latitude and longitude, the position with reference to a given point, the speed of travel, and the course followed. This method is quite exact and reliable, and once introduced will be instrumental in a great saving of time, life and property.”
When your system of time distribution is introduced what kind of devices will be used for indicating the hour?
“They will be ever so much simpler than the ordinary clocks or watches, being entirely devoid of wheel work. For personal use a small case will be provided resembling that of a watch which would indicate precisely the time and require no more attention than a compass for instance. The large clocks on towers and public edifices in general will be replaced by extremely simple devices operated on the same principle.
“All these will be ‘tuned’ to a wireless wave sent out at a certain time. This will automatically set the hands of every ‘tuned’ time piece.”
In operating stock tickers, will the present instruments have to be replaced by others?
“Not at all, they will remain intact. A great financier told me that this should be one of the most valuable and practical applications of my system, inasmuch as the instantaneous operation of such instruments all the world over will go far toward allaying panics and failures which are at present mostly due to the inadequacy and stagnation of channels of information.”
“A business man will be able to dictate in his office a letter which will appear in type at any other place he wishes without loss of time in the transmission. It will be exactly as though he had his stenographer close by. In the same manner it will be practicable to send a handwritten letter or even a check, and what is more important, it will not be possible to falsify the signature.”
Will the transmission of complex musical productions require complicated apparatuses?
Not at all. The apparatus at any of the master plants, transmitting a great number of musical compositions, will be of necessity complicated, but the subscriber will need only a telephone receiver, and, if he desires exclusiveness, and individualizing device in connection, which, however, will be rarely required. He will be none the less able to listen to the most complex opera played in some remote party of the world. What is more, he can carry the entire outfit with him on his walks and travels, and whenever he desires to listen to the music he can do so.
The wireless system which I have developed does not contemplate competition with established lighting systems in densely populated districts, but it offers an ideal solution for the illumination of isolated places. The light will be furnished by exhausted glass tubes, bent in all sorts of ornamental shapes, and is of surpassing beauty, resembling closely the daylight. The lamps will last forever. The entire apparatus for lighting the average country dwelling will contain no moving part whatever, and could be readily carried about in a small valise. It will be quite immaterial in which region of the earth the house to be lighted is located. Distance will not affect the charge.“
How far from the Earth’s surface can power be transmitted by this wireless system?
“To any distance; in fact, the greater the elevation above the ground that easier it is to supply the power to the vehicle, such as an airship crossing the ocean.”
What do you consider the most important application of your system?
The transmission of power, of course. The operation of aerial machines alone will be of a revolutionizing influence, in as much as it will afford a perfect solution of this important problem. Another great field will be the irrigation and fertilization of the soil by wireless power. The time is not distance when a farmer will have installed on his place an apparatus for continuously manufacturing, from the gases of the atmosphere, nitric compounds which will be used to fertilize, while a motor will pump the water and perform other duties; all the energy being supplied from a plant perhaps thousands of miles away. This system can be extended so as to make productive vast tracts of now barren lands located in various countries. I believe that the export of wireless power will be one of the chief resources of the United States and other fortunately situated countries in times to come.“
NASA and Other Space Agencies Are Wasting Our Money
With Nikola Tesla’s World Wireless System(s) we would not need the thousands of multi-million dollar satellites and debris currently orbiting earth. Also, his system(s) would be grounded so we wouldn’t need the additional expenditures to send engineers to space to fix equipment. They could just fix the transmitters here on earth by driving a few miles.
Tesla’s transmitter(s) would not only provide everything a satellite does, including Doppler radar, navigation, and communication and entertainment around the world, but much more. His experimentations and inventions proved that his “World System” would also provide:
1. The operation of flying machines by wireless power.
2. Navigation of ships through fog or channels by wireless “tuned compasses.”
3. Operations of all manufacturing and transportation machinery.
4. A prefect government secret signal service by exclusive wireless waves.
5. Interplanetary communication.
6. Irrigation and fertilization of world by wireless power.
7. Magnetizing of enemy battleships and submarines to attract torpedoes.
Our present would be far more advanced had Tesla been allowed to share his work with the world. Although it seems we are advancing with greats strides in technological achievements, we are still a hundred years behind the future Nikola Tesla dreamed and hoped for.
“My project was retarded by the laws of nature. The world was not prepared for it. It was too far ahead of time. But the same laws will prevail in the end and make it a triumphal success.”
(“My Inventions – V. The Magnifying Transmitter.” Electrical Experimenter. February, 1919.)
***Allow me to break this post down for those who haven’t read up much on Nikola Tesla***
The first paragraph is clear. We could spend the money we put towards satellites and use it to develop Tesla’s system(s) around the world. And by system(s), Tesla never meant just one machine running all the earth. Every country would have their own transmitter/receivers, and these machines could work together or separately depending on how the country, or individual with a receiver, would prefer. And this would be a whole lot more inexpensive than what we spend on satellites.
The second paragraph is not an exaggeration. Tesla’s system would literally do everything a satellite does and more. It could be used to create an artificial aurora borealis to light night skies at sea, or analyze weather conditions. It could be used as a GPS, and not just on earth’s surface, but earth’s interior as well (ex. finding mineral deposits, submarines etc.). This is accomplished by setting up and maintaining longitudinal stationary waves in the earth making its entire surface subdivided into zones of electric activity. This allows data to be collected about earth’s dimensions, and the positioning of moving or non-moving objects by analyzing the way waves react to objects within it or without it. This would help in navigation, prospecting, or basic radar by determining positions of objects in or outside earth, determining latitudes and longitudes, the speed of travel and the courses followed. His system could also be used for communication and entertainment the same way a satellite does, but even better. We use communication satellites to bounce signals off the satellite, and send these signals to other points on the globe. We need satellites to do this because it was thought to be a fact that every effect diminishes with distance, so the signals sent either dissipate with distance, and/or do not follow the curvature of earth. This is why we can only receive radio signals at certain distances from the station. With Tesla’s system, satellites in this sense become obsolete. His system could send instantaneously typed or handwritten characters all over the world, set and regulate all clocks, be a universal stock ticker, reproduce art and photography, and allow the absolutely exclusive use of video, audio and text communication (this is how Tesla predicted smart phones a hundred years before they were developed). Now how would he do this? Tesla used the earth as a conductor, or a wire, and sent the energy through it with no loss of the energy. With this method, the problems with the dissipation of energy are solved. What Tesla discovered was that the earth as a whole had certain periods of natural vibrations, and by impressing electrical vibrations of the same periods upon it with his transformer, it could be thrown into oscillations of tremendous nature. Now Tesla could collect this energy and transmit it with his Magnifying Transmitter to any place on earth with no loss of energy and practically instantaneous. He proved this method in experiments at Colorado Springs where he sent a longitudinal wave all the way around the world and back to his receiver traveling at a mean velocity of 292,812 miles per second.
I know some will balk at sending anything faster than the speed of light, but I will remind them that light is a constant, it is not a limit. The electromagnetic waves we use in today’s technology travel at the speed of light, but due to the nature of these waves (which are similar to light), diminish with distance. This is because their electromagnetic lines of force and their magnetic lines of force run in angles of each other causing resistance. This is why they eventually lose energy. Tesla on the other hand used an oscillating wave, which electromagnetic and magnetic forces run parallel with each other, hence no friction and no loss of energy. So the more power he used the faster and further these waves would travel. Now imagine what can be accomplished with waves that do not diminish with distance (((;
Now I know people are skeptical about how safe this would be. If the whole earth is electrified, wouldn’t we get shocked all the time? Well, no. Tesla used electrostatics. This is when an electric charge is at rest, unlike Direct Current electricity and Alternating Current, which are moving electricity through wires either directly or back and both. Both DC and AC are very dangerous if touched. What Tesla would do is speed up his Alternating Currents so fast that the electricity would become static electricity. You could store it, or pass it through your body with no harm. He demonstrated this in lectures throughout the 1890s by passing thousands of volts of electricity through his body and shooting electricity out his fingertips. Static Electricity is already all around us. It’s kinda like when you rub your socks on the carpet and can walk to the other side of the room and shock someone. Well this static electricity gets stored in your body but doesn’t harm you. The shock might harm your friend but nevertheless is harmless. Also, unlike the wireless technology we use today which is ninety percent radiation, Nikola Tesla’s system is clean energy. His system reverses what our technology does and uses only ten percent radiation, and ninety percent current waves. This is why there is no loss of energy, and this is why we should be learning how to do Tesla’s system.
Now how his system would be better than satellites.
1. The operation of flying machines by wireless power: The flow of Tesla’s currents are confined to the earth, but with his machine he could create an electromagnetic field in the atmosphere surrounding it. Now if light electric motors with attached circuits are placed in the airplanes, or other flying machines, and are accurately attuned, energy will be drawn into these circuits powering the motors. Just like if you had a bottle and submerged it in water then poked a hole in it. The energy would flow into the circuit the same way water would into the bottle. This would revolutionize a whole new world of transportation.
2. Navigation of ships through fog or channels by wireless “tuned compasses: Same thing when I spoke of GPS.
3. Operations of all manufacturing and transportation machinery: Kinda the same way as with communication and entertainment, with his magnifying transmitter, Tesla’s system could send power through the earth to any point on the globe and provide a business or home with enough horsepower to operate and run all its machinery, including transportation machinery.
I would add that this would not be free energy as the conspiracists on Tesla like to assume. Tesla never said anything about free energy. Unlimited energy, yes, but not free. These businesses would have to subscribe and pay for this energy just like we do today.
4. A prefect government secret signal service by exclusive wireless waves: This is what tesla referred to as his “Art of Individualization.” This makes it possible to transmit unlimited number of signals or messages absolutely secret and exclusive both in the active and passive aspect, meaning non-interfering and non-interferable. Each signal would have its own identity, like snowflakes, and it wouldn’t matter how many stations or devices are in operation. None would disturb these secret signals.
5. Interplanetary Communication: So Tesla understood that if we ever want to make contact with other intelligent life, we would have to use radio technology to do so. He knew how far away other planets are, and how long it would take to reach them given the limit of speed we can travel, or the constant speed of light. He believed that with enough power drawn from energy sources (such as Niagara Falls) to power his transformer he could create billions of horsepower, and with his magnifying transmitter send oscillating wave signals many times faster than light to the far reaches of this galaxy.
6. Irrigation and fertilization of the world by wireless: Using wireless power, farmers and land owners will be able to pump water and irrigate their land from energy sent thousands of miles away. Tesla also believed that weather was of an electrical origin, and could be controlled by electrical means. Meaning, with a properly developed apparatus (different from his wireless system), he could pull water from oceans by hydraulic force, turn it into vapor and carry it in cloud form to arid parts of land, and make it rain, so to speak. Also with fertilization, we know that too much nitrogen in the atmosphere is a bad thing, and not enough in the soil will cause growth deficiencies in plants. Tesla’s experiments in Colorado Springs showed that the nitrogen in the air could be burned with electricity. By burning the right amount of nitrogen in the air it can be turned into a fertilizer.
7. Magnetizing of enemy battleships and submarines to attract torpedoes: This one speaks for itself. By using magnetic waves he could magnetize the metal of enemy and cause them to attract missiles.
This wasn’t a new world order Tesla was trying to fulfill by eliminating competition. He knew about other radio developers and the new technology from his time. His system would not interfere with their electrical systems or ours today. It was his own commercial pursuit, and he knew how it would work based off his experiments in Colorado Springs. It was safe and perfectly commercializable in our free market here in America.
Does Not Believe in Hertz Waves and Heaviside Layer, Interview Discloses
The model of a “Tesla Coil” which will be featured in the historic exhibit of the radio show reawakens interest in its inventor.
It is not generally appreciated that this curious apparatus, often associated with pretty or spectacular demonstrations of high voltage electricity, is really a fundamental part of modern radio. For all the tuning apparatus and circuits in every transmitting and receiving set are simply variations of Tesla coils and Tesla coil circuits.
It was for this invention, and other inventions and principles concerned with tuning, heterodyning, and the generation of continuous waves, which were made at least several years before the very first experiments of Marconi, that many of our most reputable engineers have conceded to Nikola Tesla the title of “Father of Radio”.
Mr. Tesla, still actively working, was interviewed last week to get his ideas regarding the prospects of the radio of 1930, and beyond. As a prophet, however, he balked. He had repeated time and again his visions for the future. As far back as 1900, he had contemplated a world-wireless system which included broadcasting, picture transmission, international time service, and in addition television and the distribution of electrical power. Part of this early prophecy has been realized - what remained, still stood as his prediction.
Disputes Hertz Waves
What, then, about power transmission by radio? Laurence M. Cockaday, the technical editor of this radio section, had expressed the opinion several weeks ago that, with present apparatus at least, it was hardly feasible. Mr. Tesla agreed to discuss the point at length. As a result, he made public for the first time one of the most extraordinary conclusions - that Hertz waves do not exist! If his theory is true, there may be found in it more adequate explanations of “dead spots”, fading, reflection and a dozen other problems that have always puzzled the profession.
The inventor began by referring to Cockaday’s article:
“I have read the article, and I quite agree with the opinion expressed - that wireless power transmission is impractical with present apparatus. This conclusion will be naturally reached by any one who recognizes the nature of the agent by which the impulses are transmitted in present wireless practice.
"When Dr. Heinrich Hertz undertook his experiments from 1887 to 1889 his object was to demonstrate a theory postulating a medium filling all space, called the ether, which was structureless, of inconceivable tenuity and yet solid and possessed of rigidity incomparably greater than that of the hardest steel. He obtained certain results and the whole world acclaimed them as an experimental verification of that cherished theory. But in reality what he observed tended to prove just its fallacy.
"I had maintained for many years before that such a medium as supposed could not exist, and that we must rather accept the view that all space is filled with a gaseous substance. On repeating the Hertz experiments with much improved and very powerful apparatus, I satisfied myself that what he had observed was nothing else but effects of longitudinal waves in a gaseous medium, that is to say, waves, propagated by alternate compression and expansion. He had observed waves in the ether much of the nature of sound waves in the air.
"Up to 1896, however, I did not succeed in obtaining a positive experimental proof of the existence of such a medium. But in that year I brought out a new form of vacuum tube capable of being charged to any desired potential, and operated it with effective pressures of about 4,000,000 volts. I produced cathodic and other rays of transcending intensity. The effects, according to my view, were due to minute particles of matter carrying enormous electrical charges, which, for want of a better name, I designated as matter not further decomposable. Subsequently those particles were called electrons.
"One of the first striking observations made with my tubes was that a purplish glow for several feet around the end of the tube was formed, and I readily ascertained that it was due to the escape of the charges of the particles as soon as they passed out into the air; for it was only in a nearly perfect vacuum that these charges could be confined to them. The coronal discharge proved that there must be a medium besides air in the space, composed of particles immeasurably smaller than those of air, as otherwise such a discharge would not be possible. On further investigation I found that this gas was so light that a volume equal to that of the earth would weigh only about one-twentieth of a pound.
"The velocity of any sound wave depends on a certain ratio between elasticity and density, and for this ether or universal gas the ratio is 800,000,000,000 times greater than for air. This means that the velocity of the sound waves propagated through the ether is about 300,000 times greater than that of the sound waves in air, which travel at approximately 1,085 feet a second. Consequently the speed in ether is 900,000 x 1,085 feet, or 186,000 miles, and that is the speed of light.
"As the waves of this kind are all the more penetrative the shorter they are, I have for years urged the wireless experts to use such waves in order to get good results, but it took a long time before they settled upon this practice.
"Although the world is still skeptical as to the feasibility of my undertaking, I note that some advanced experts, at least, share my views, and I hope that before long wireless power transmission will be as common as transmission by wires.”
According to Mr. Tesla, the present broadcasting station does not propagate Hertzian waves, as has always been supposed, but acts more like an “ether whistle” - transmitting waves through the ether similar to the waves transmitted by an ordinary whistle through the air. He also expressed his disbelief in the Heaviside layer, and claimed that the reflection of waves back toward the earth was due to the change of medium encountered at the vacuous boundary of the atmosphere.
At Colorado Springs, about thirty years ago, this scientist had a Tesla coil seventy-five feet in diameter which produced voltages above 12,000,000, and sparks over 100 feet long. Electrical flashes were created which were the nearest approach to lightning that man has ever made. During his experiments there, of over a year, Tesla claims that he transmitted a considerable amount of electrical current to the other side of the earth. It was upon these, and later experiments that he bases his present prediction.
Draco Malfoy, the famous author of the poetry book 'Thunderstorm' is on Leanne's 'Wizard Wheeze' right this moment and Harry tells himself it's an accident that he's listening to it on wireless. He almost believes himself, but the tempus he set earlier that day would beg to differ.
L: 'Most days I convice myself that I'm not in love with you. Then some days I see lightnings and thunderstorms, and I let you in.' Now, Draco, I'm not going to lie to myself, all of your poems are wonderful, but this one-
D: *Laughs* Oh get on with it, Leanne, I know what you're going to ask.
L: That's because everyone has been asking it! Just who is this person?
D: That's a secret and you know it, Leanne. Everyone knows it.
L: *groans* fine, fine. Now, pretty please with cherry on top, will you tell me whether the person knows they are your muse?
D: Nope, they don't. It's a secret even for them, I'm afraid.
L: Noooo! You should tell them! You wrote like, twenty pages of poetry of your seventy eight pages, Draco! They deserve to know!
D: It's impressive you know the exact number.
L: Didn't I tell you? I'm a fan. Wait, no! You're distracting me!
L: Listen here, all of your words about them, they're wonderful. I'm sure whoever they are, they're a great person. You'd look good together.
D: Aw, you're the first person who root for me, to be honest.
D: *Laughs* It's a little bit of a forbidden love, that's all.
L: Noooo, you have to tell me the details!
D: Sure, Leanne. We can discuss this over tea and biscuits.
L: Yes! Well, now, listeners, don't be too jealous, alright? I'm sure you'll get your chance too! Speaking of, I heard that you will hold a book signing soon, Draco! When and where that will be? I need to know!
D: Alright, alright. Calm down, Leanne. It's-
Harry tunes the wireless out. He spins the book in his hand, the famous 'Thunderstorm' book. He is not obsessed. No, Ron, he's just confused. He just doesn't understand.
Seventeen days ago, Harry was shocked that his school rival had become famous of his latest poetry book.
Actually, Draco Malfoy was already famous for his various Upgraded and Invented Potion books, but that was precisely why his poetry book had been a pleasant surprise to The Wizarding World. Well, at least pleasant for everyone except Harry.
Since when the git had enough heart to write bleeding words like 'Love and Lightning?'
And why does he even care?
Oh, don't open that door.
Harry groans to himself. Right, of course he's obsessed. Madly so. But hey, they're friends, now. Surely Harry can ask Draco himself?
Except Draco didn't even tell him that he was writing the damned poetry collection.
Hermione was not surprised at all when Harry came at her with the newly-bought book. She was surprised that Harry didn't know, though. And isn't that appalling?
Maybe Harry can't ask, after all. It's a secret, everyone knows it.
For the eleventh time that week, and no, Harry is not counting, he reads the twenty pages of Love and Lightning chapter Draco had written in his sodding pretty papers.
And it just doesn't make sense.
Love should remind you of goodnight sleep, or peaceful morning, or beautiful sunset. Not a freaking lightning. At least, that's what Harry thought.
He thinks of Draco's softest touch on his hair before he goes to bed, and he will have a goodnight sleep.
He thinks of Draco's little giggles in the morning, and then he'll feel at peace for the whole day.
He thinks of Draco when he sees sunset from his window, how it would add spark of color in Draco's grey eyes, on his platinum hair, his fair skin.
The point is, there's just no sense in this world that a lightning would remind you of the person you love. Not unless they got a freaking lightning bolt scar on their head, anyways.
Harry laughs to himself. Five minutes later, he wakes his owl, receives a rather vicious glare from Hedwig in return, and begs her to send a letter to Draco Malfoy.
Ten minutes after his futile begging and getting Sirius' owl to send his letter instead, much to his Godfather's amusement, the letter is sent.
As much as I like lightning and thunderstorms, I'd rather spend a sunset with you instead. Meet me?
There's no any charm that could sufficiently protect Draco's ears from Leanne's squealing. Draco covers his ears helplessly, staring at his overjoyed tea partner. Leanne squeals again at him, waving Harry's letter in her hand excitedly. Draco just smiles and sips his tea. If there's a light blush on his cheeks, he could blame it on the chilly afternoon.
A lightning could be seen in the background, but Harry and Draco would later apparate to the beach near William Weasley's cottage, sharing a sunset over a pile of foods Dobby had prepared in frenzy.
Harry doesn't need to imagine Draco running delicate fingers over his hair to help him sleep that night.
After Harry fell asleep, Draco kisses his forehead softly, right on his famous lightning bolt scar. It's a wonder that Harry Potter is the last person to figure out Draco's poetry, what with the obvious wording. Even Ron figured it out the first day the book came out. Draco shakes his head and looks at his boyfriend-boyfriend!-fondly.
Draco sees a lightning over Harry's window, and he smiles. He doesn't have to get through every thunderstorm alone from now on, after all.
v = average velocity of Tesla's electrical current round earth (miles per second)
(you can plug in any metric and get same results)
c = speed of light (miles per second)
v = π / 2 (186,300)
v = 1.57 (186,300)
v = 292,491
While experimenting in Colorado Springs at the end of 1899, Nikola Tesla sent electrical currents around the earth faster than the speed of light. In his patent No. 787,412, filed May 16, 1900, titled the "Art of Transmitting Wireless Electrical Energy Through the Natural Mediums," Tesla showed that the current of his transmitter passed over and around the earth’s surface with a mean velocity of 292,815 miles per second. In his patent he says:
"The most essential requirement is that irrespective of frequency the wave or wave-train should continue for a certain period of time, which I have estimated to be not less than one-twelfth or probably 0.08484 of a second and which is taken in passing to and returning from the region diametrically opposite the pole over the earth’s surface with a mean velocity of about 471,240 kilometers per second [(292,815 miles per second)].”
Tesla held, however, that our present “wireless” technology (ex. Internet, WiFi, radio, etc.) are not true Hertzian waves, but act more like sound waves. They travel close to the speed of light and are purely radiation while his energy transmission through the earth gives off no radiation. Also, his energy is completely recoverable while other wireless transmissions are not. This is how Tesla theorized that he could send any amount of electrical energy through the earth to power the world's machinery and technology.
So... Mr. "π / 2 ( c )" was, and still is a mind far ahead of his time!
A new system that can charge electronic devices wirelessly has been developed by researchers from the University of Tokyo, Japan, involving a flexible power transfer sheet that can be moulded or cut with scissors to fit different-shaped surfaces and objects.
The system uses conductive coils to induce a current in corresponding coils in the device. This has been done before, but the cuttable sheet is much thinner and has a wider usable charging area. These coils are also wired in such a way that provided enough of them remain intact after the sheet is cut to shape, they can still charge a device – H-tree wiring.
Ryo Takahashi of the University of Tokyo, said in a university release, ‘Currently a 400mm square sheet provides about two to five watts of power – enough for a smartphone. But I think we could get this up to tens of watts, or enough for a small computer. In just a few years, I would love to see this sheet embedded in furniture, toys, bags and clothes. I hope it makes technology more invisible.’