SUMMER READING SUGGESTIONS
Love Harper Lee? Author Casey Cep’s well researched book FURIOUS HOURS is a fascinating combination of true crime, Southern courtroom drama and an neat overview of Lee’s life. You may want to read IN COLD BLOOD and Harper Lee’s novels afterward for total immersion.
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Tackling Burnout: How to Deal with Stress and Safety in the Workplace
"In 2019, the World Health Organization identified a syndrome it labelled 'burnout' resulting from chronic workplace stress. Now people who report feeling depleted of energy or exhausted, mentally distanced from or cynical about their jobs and experiencing problems getting their work done can be diagnosed with a workplace injury. Burnout as the result of workplace stress carries significant implications for employers. Canadian occupational health and safety standards require employers to protect the physical and mental health of their workers. If people are meeting the criteria for burnout, organizations may be neglecting their legislated duty to ensure psychologically safe workplaces."
"The good news is something can be done. While it will require genuine organizational commitment, prevention and mitigation are key. But to get at the heart of the problem, we must first ask if employers are even tracking psychological safety in the workplace. Of those that do, most merely encourage staff to exercise more, meditate, sleep better and eat a more balanced diet. This is, quite simply, passing the buck onto an already depleted workforce and does nothing to address the core of the problem. The answer is not to recommend Band-Aid solutions, suggesting employees try even harder in their downtime to compensate for organizational neglect."
"For meaningful change, organizations must first implement clear policies reflecting their commitment to workplace mental health and psychological safety, and appoint a wellness champion and leaders who model these values. The next step is identifying workplace hazards through employee engagement surveys, workplace risk assessments, incident investigations, exit interviews and disability claim data if available. Identifying controls to prevent psychological harm is also necessary."
The Conversation, June 14, 2021: "Tackling burnout: How to deal with stress and safety in the workplace," by Kristen Deuzeman
Harvard Business Review, August 24, 2017: "High-Performing Teams Need Psychological Safety. Here’s How to Create It," by Laura Delizonna
Edmondson, A. (1999). Psychological Safety and Learning Behavior in Work Teams. Administrative Science Quarterly 44(2), 350–383. https://doi.org/10.2307/2666999
Maté, G. (2003). When the body says no : the cost of hidden stress (1st ed.). Toronto: A.A. Knopf Canada. (Available for curbside pickup to the U of T community here)
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS), November 22, 2018: Mental Health - Recognizing Psychological Health and Safety Hazards
International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10)-2014: Chapter XXI Factors influencing health status and contact with health services
Photo Source: Erfurt, C. (2018). Man covering face with both hands [Photograph]. Unsplash. https://unsplash.com/photos/sxQz2VfoFBE
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Amy Ruth Tan was born on February 19, 1952. She is an American author known for the novel The Joy Luck Club, which was adapted into a film of the same name in 1993 by director Wayne Wang.
Tan has written several other novels, including The Kitchen God's Wife, The Hundred Secret Senses, The Bonesetter's Daughter, Saving Fish from Drowning, and The Valley of Amazement. Tan's latest book is a memoir entitled Where The Past Begins: A Writer's Memoir (2017). In addition to these, Tan has written two children's books: The Moon Lady (1992) and Sagwa, the Chinese Siamese Cat (1994), which was turned into an animated series that aired on PBS.
While in school, Tan worked odd jobs—serving as a switchboard operator, carhop, bartender, and pizza maker—before starting a writing career. As a freelance business writer, she worked on projects for AT&T, IBM, Bank of America, and Pacific Bell, writing under non-Chinese-sounding pseudonyms.
Tan began writing her first novel, The Joy Luck Club while working as a business writer, and joined a writers' workshop, the Squaw Valley Program, to refine her draft. She submitted a part of the draft novel as a story titled 'Endgame' to the workshop. Author Molly Giles, who was teaching at the workshop, encouraged Tan to send some of her writing to magazines. Stories by Tan, drawn from the manuscript of the Joy Luck Club, were published by both FM Magazine and Seventeen, although a story was rejected by the New Yorker. Working with agent Sandra Dijkstra, Tan published several other parts of the novel as short stories, before it was sent as a draft novel manuscript. She received offers from several major publishing houses, including A.A. Knopf, Vintage, Harper & Row, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, Simon and Schuster, and Putnam Books, but declined them all as they offered compensation that she and agent considered to be insufficient. She eventually accepted a second offer from Putnam Books, for $50,000 in December 1987. The Joy Luck Club, consists of eight related stories about the experiences of four Chinese–American mother–daughter pairs.
Tan's second novel, The Kitchen God's Wife, also focuses on the relationship between an immigrant Chinese mother and her American-born daughter. Tan's third novel, The Hundred Secret Senses, was a departure from the first two novels, in focusing on the relationships between sisters. Tan's fourth novel, The Bonesetter's Daughter, returns to the theme of an immigrant Chinese woman and her American-born daughter.
Tan was the "lead rhythm dominatrix", backup singer and second tambourine with the Rock Bottom Remainders literary garage band. Before the band retired from touring, it had raised more than a million dollars for literacy programs. Tan appeared as herself in the third episode of Season 12 of The Simpsons, "Insane Clown Poppy."
Tan's work has been adapted into several different forms of media. The Joy Luck Club was adapted into a play in 1993; that same year, director Wayne Wang adapted the book into a film. The Bonesetter's Daughter was adapted into an opera in 2008. Tan's children's book, Sagwa, the Chinese Siamese Cat was adapted into an PBS animated television show, also named Sagwa, the Chinese Siamese Cat.
"Fish Cheeks" (1987)
The Voice from the Wall
The Joy Luck Club (1989)
The Kitchen God's Wife (1991)
The Hundred Secret Senses (1995)
The Bonesetter's Daughter (2001)
Saving Fish from Drowning (2005)
The Valley of Amazement (2013)
The Moon Lady, illustrated by Gretchen Schields (1992)
Sagwa, the Chinese Siamese Cat, illustrated by Gretchen Schields (1994)
Mid-Life Confidential: The Rock Bottom Remainders Tour America With Three Chords and an Attitude (with Dave Barry, Stephen King, Tabitha King, Barbara Kingsolver) (1994)
Mother (with Maya Angelou, Mary Higgins Clark) (1996)
The Best American Short Stories 1999 (Editor, with Katrina Kenison) (1999)
The Opposite of Fate: A Book of Musings (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 2003)
Hard Listening, co-authored in July 2013, an interactive ebook about her participation in a writer/musician band, the Rock Bottom Remainders. Published by Coliloquy, LLC.
Where the Past Begins: A Writer's Memoir, (HarperCollins Publishers, 2017)
Tan has also received criticism from some for her depiction of Chinese culture. Sau-ling Cynthia Wong, a professor at the University of California, Berkeley, wrote that Tan's novels "appear to possess the authority of authenticity but are often products of the American-born writer's own heavily mediated understanding of things Chinese". She stated that the popularity of Tan's work can mostly be attributed to Western consumers "who find her work comforting in its reproduction of stereotypical images". Author Frank Chin has said that the storylines of her novels "demonstrate a vested interest in casting Chinese men in the worst possible light". He has accused Tan of "pandering to the popular imagination" of Westerners regarding Chinese people.
Amy Tan has dismissed these criticisms, claiming her works are not intended to be viewed as representative of general Chinese/Asian American experiences.
Daily inspiration. Discover more photos at http://justforbooks.tumblr.com
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Letter to a friend, Camus
Albert Camus breaking a friendship with a German during the war who argued patriotism and love of country were grounds for his allegiance. July 1943
“And I say that your nation, on the other hand, has received the love from its sons only the love it deserved, which was blind. A nation is not justified by such love. That will be your undoing. And you who were already conquered in your greatest victories, what will you be in the approaching defeat?”
Camus, Albert. Resistance, Rebellion, and Death. Translated by Justin OBrien, A.A. Knopf, 1961.
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[download pdf] Strange Pilgrims: Twelve Stories
Strange Pilgrims: Twelve Stories by Gabriel García Márquez
Strange Pilgrims: Twelve Stories
Gabriel García Márquez
Format: pdf, ePub, mobi, fb2
Publisher: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group
Download Strange Pilgrims: Twelve Stories
Ebook gratis download Strange Pilgrims: Twelve Stories (English literature) 9781400034697
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1.15.21 - My Opinions on Primary and Secondary Sources
After this week’s module on primary and secondary sources, and the relevance of history, I noticed the question of bias in these sources tended to pop up quite often. This claims of bias, as stated by Gottschalk (1969) tended to come hand-in-hand with what we call subjective knowledge, and as such, subjective knowledge tends to be dismissed in favor of objective knowledge. In this case, though both primary sources and secondary sources are considered to be important in their own right, many seem to think primary sources are superior to secondary sources. To further prove this, I had even tried to ask around for other people’s opinions on the matter; plenty responded that primary sources are better than secondary sources. This does not, however, take into account if they think secondary sources has merit as a reference or object of study, or if they fully avoid secondary sources, nor should it be considered an accurate representation of the majority’s opinions on the matter, though it does support my opinion that many people prefer primary sources to secondary.
Aside from what I had observed throughout this module, I’ve also had a few thoughts regarding the material itself, particularly about certain forms of primary sources. As stated before, I think many people tend to prefer primary sources to secondary sources due to the misconception that secondary sources are inherently biased, or are affected by the views and opinions of the author or producer of the media in question. While it is indeed true that using secondary sources as reference should be taken with much caution and critical analysis in terms of the context and intention of the information presented, the same could be said as well for primary sources. As Gottschalk (1969) said, “the reconstruction of the total past of mankind ... is unattainable” (p. 42). My personal interpretation of this was that even by the use of primary sources and plenty of artifacts gathered to help piece together certain parts of history, it still lacks many other factors, like social context and the state of the environment, and so on. Like Howell and Prevenier (2001) says, “…it is the historian’s job to supplement the raw material available in the source itself” (p. 18). This could imply that even the personal views of the historian piecing the event together is a factor in the outcome of their interpretation.
These unattainable reconstructions of history, I personally find are mirrored in translations of ancient texts and epics—like The Illiad, for example. Translators in this case act as historians, trying to capture the original intent of the author while making sure it’s accessible to the audience that will read the translation. Translators have to make choices that will affect the new iteration of the work their translation will become. Wilson (2017), as quoted by Mason (2017), states, “the fact that it’s possible to translate the same lines a hundred different times and all of them are defensible in entirely different ways? That tells you something.” The translator would be the one choosing how specifically to translate each line. This means the text produced afterwards is a culmination of the translator’s choices, and ultimately, we will not be sure whether those choices were made with the original author’s perceived intents in mind, or the translator’s personal tastes. Inevitably, we as readers will always view these accounts through the lens of the translator, and even if the original author would miraculously have an english translation of their work, the text, read in the present, will be removed from the context it was written in and instead viewed with today’s social paradigms and events in mind.
Moving forward, aside from knowing that perfect reconstructions of history (even by professionals) is improbable, we have to account for the fact that primary sources are not as objective as many would like to believe. The people recording these accounts have experienced that period of history differently based on factors like class, gender, sexuality, and even physical ability. Howell and Prevenier (2001) states that “historians must always consider the conditions under which the source was produced—the intentions that motivated it—but they must not assume that such knowledge tells them all they need to know about its ‘reliability’” (p. 19). This fact is what many fail to consider when taking into account primary sources. Even today, many pieces of media that could be considered primary historical sources in the future are often what we now call “fake news” that spread misinformation. There are, for example, news outlets owned by certain public figures that would of course write articles primarily in the favor of these figures. Fox News is often cited as reporting in favor of more political parties in the United States, so their viewers tend to be more right-leaning, conservative parties. This doesn’t mean, of course, that plenty of news outlets’ coverage are inherently biased towards a public figure or their cause, but it’s important to consider that these kinds of contexts can be lost as time goes on, and as such one would need to be as critical and well-versed in the social situations of that time period as a historian would be in order to best reference these kinds of sources.
To summarize, primary sources aren’t inherently better than secondary sources, nor is it true the other way around. Both types of sources have their own importance, as well as their own disadvantages when used as-is. It’s best to consider that history is never truly what we make of it, and that bias (whether our own or the source’s authors) is inevitable to come across when dealing with such a complex topic such as history, and so the best tool when making observations or drawing lessons from the past is our own critical thinking, and how different cultures, situations, and people were back then compared to today.
Gottschalk, L. (1969). Understanding history: A primer of
historical method. New York: A.A. Knopf.
Howell, M., & Prevenier, W. (2001). From reliable sources:
An introduction to historical methods. Ithaca,
NY: Cornell University Press
Mason, W. (2017, November 2). The first woman to
translate the ‘Odyssey’ into english. The New
resident (orb-weaver spider, Araneus spp.)
kerns, northeast portland
july 4th, 2019
“each night the old web is replaced with a new one, spun in complete darkness by touch alone” (Milne, et al.)
Milne, Lorus Johnson, et al. National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Insects and Spiders. A.A. Knopf, 1980.
Historical Fiction: A Complicated Kindness (2004)
Toews, M. (2004). A complicated kindness: A novel. Toronto: A.A. Knopf Canada.
Naomi Nickel is a wry sixteen year old growing up in East Village during the late 1970′s and early 1980′s. Not East Village in New York, unfortunately, but a small Mennonite town in Manitoba. After the disappearances of her mother and older sister, Naomi and her father are left to pick up the pieces under the scrutiny of the religious community and Pastor Hans. Naomi rebels by immersing herself in the fringes, eventually uncovering the reasons her mother and sister left town
Audience or Readership:
Readers looking for a coming of age story that incorporates religious tensions, with a strong sense of time and place, will enjoy this book.
Limitations or Weaknesses:
Some readers may not connect with Naomi’s sardonic narration or the meandering pace of the plot.
If you like this, check out:
Lives of Girls and Women (1971) by Alice Munro
3.5 Lou Reed Records out of 5
LoBagola (in progress)
Artistic research prompted by my encounter with the memoir of LoBagola. Born in Baltimore in 1887, LoBagola claimed to have been born in Africa. He worked as a storyteller and entertainer, acted as a cultural informant in scholarly contexts in the US and Europe, and maintained his performative identity in daily life. His memoir, published by New York's A.A. Knopf in 1930, entered academic literature as fact.
No Man Knows My History: the Life of Joseph Smith, The Mormon Prophet
Brodie, Fawn McKay. No Man Knows My History; the Life of Joseph Smith, The Mormon Prophet. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1945.
Brodie indicates a nativeness to Smith’s origins. This relates back to the Book of Mormon being an American story. She relates the Mack family to unconventional upbringing which may have played a role in Smith’s theological formation and religious imagination.
“As religious dissenters, they believed more in the integrity of individual religious experience than in the tradition of any organized sect.”
New Books (late November)
Sorted by Call Number / Author. Thanks to the Jacobs family for donating most of this week's materials. As usual, the new books will be in the New Books section of the Reading Room (by the superhero posters) or ask me or Mrs. VanHorn if you can't find something.
Johnston, Kim. Haunted Shelby County, Alabama : Haunted America. Charleston, SC : Haunted America, 2013.
Smith, Holly. Alabama ghosts : they are among us. [Birmingham, Ala.] : Sweetwater Press, c2006.
Nuland, Sherwin B. How we die : reflections on life's final chapter. 1st ed. New York : A.A. Knopf :, 1994.
White, Timothy, 1952-2002. Music to my ears : the Billboard essays : portraits of popular music in the '90s. 1st Owl Books ed. New York : H. Holt, 1997.
Ronk, Martha Clare, author. Ocular proof.
Bendall, Molly. Watchful : poems. Oakland, CA : Omnidawn Publishing, 2016.
Gaydos, Rebecca, 1984- author. Güera.
Wilkinson, John Lawton, author. Ghost nets.
Davie, Jean. White Decimal : poems. Oakland, CA : Omnidawn Publishing, 2016.
Carr, Caleb, 1955-. The alienist. 1st ed. New York : Random House, c1994.
The hunt for a serial killer in the 1800s in New York by Dr. Laszlo Kreizler, using the new science of forensic psychology. As with so many new sciences this one is ridiculed by law enforcement and civic leaders alike.
Gibson, William, 1948-. Idoru. New York : G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1996.
A mystery centered on a virtual-reality marriage. The groom is Rez, the star of a rock band, while the bride is Rei Toei, the beautiful and entirely virtual pop singer adored by all Japan. Why would a man want to marry a woman who does not exist? Flesh and blood Chia McKenzie from Seattle, who loves Rez, flies to Tokyo to find out.
Grass, Günter, 1927-2015. The flounder. 1st ed. New York : Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, c1978.
Based loosely on Grimm's The Fisherman and his Wife, this triumphant blend of folk tale and contemporary story takes place over the course of nine months, during which the wife of the narrator becomes pregnant and is regaled with tales of the various cooks the fisherman has met throughout his life. The emerging themes of the novel expose the periods when men made history and women's contributions went largely, in some cases gravely, unrecognized. Inventive, imaginitive and irreverent, this humorous, fundamentally brilliant novel highlights the value of modern-day myth and timeless legend.
Hiaasen, Carl. Skinny dip. First edition.
A shady marine scientist suspects that his wife knows that he has been doctoring water samples so that a ruthless tycoon can continue polluting the Everglades, so he pushes her overboard from a cruise liner. But she's saved by former cop Mick Stranahan -- and that's when the real adventure begins. Chaz Perrone might be the only marine scientist in the world who doesn't know which way the Gulf Stream runs. He might also be the only one who went into biology just to make a killing, and now he's found a way--doctoring water samples so that a ruthless agribusiness tycoon can continue illegaly dumping fertilizer into the endangered Everglades.
Irving, John, 1942-. The fourth hand : a novel. First edition.
While reporting a story from India, a New York television journalist has his left hand eaten by a lion; millions of TV viewers witness the accident. A well-known Boston hand surgeon wants to perform the first hand transplant on the reporter, but the problem is there is no hand available. A married woman from Wisconsin wants to give the reporter her husband's left hand--that is, after her husband dies.
Irving, John, 1942-. A son of the circus. First trade edition.
Born a Parsi in Bombay, sent to university and medical school in Vienna, Dr. Farrokh Daruwalla is a 59-year-old orthopedic surgeon and a Canadian citizen who lives in Toronto. Periodically, the doctor returns to Bombay, where most of his patients are crippled children." "Once, 20 years ago, Dr. Daruwalla was the examining physician of two murder victims in Goa. Now, 20 years later, he will be reacquainted with the murderer.
Irving, John, 1942-. A widow for one year : a novel. First trade edition.
A girl discovers her mother in bed with a teenage boy and later the mother abandons her. Meanwhile, her father is seducing young girls. So begins the story of Ruth Cole, a famous writer struggling to overcome childhood traumas and find love.
King, Stephen, 1947-. Black house : a novel. 1st trade ed. New York : Random House, c2001.
Jack Sawyer, a retired homicide detective living in rural Wisconsin, doesn't remember his boyhood journey into the parallel universe called the Territories. Jack is recruited to help find a brutal serial killer who is stalking the region, but is there an even more malignant force at work?
Rice, Anne, 1941-. The queen of the damned. First edition.
Intertwines the stories of rock star and vampire Lestat, beautiful twins haunted by a gruesome tragedy, and Akasha, mother of all vampires, who dreams of godhood.
Sagan, Carl, 1934-1996. Contact : a novel.
Beautiful astrophysicist Rebecca Blake deciphers long-awaited signals from space, persuades world leaders to construct a machine that many consider a Trojan Horse, and journeys into space for an epochal encounter.
Smith, Martin Cruz, 1942-. Havana Bay : a novel. 1st ed. New York : Random House, 1999.
In Havana, detective Arkady Renko of the Moscow police joins forces with beautiful Ofelia of the Cuban police to investigate the murder of a Russian diplomat. The protagonists find love while the reader gets an inside look at post-Cold War Havana.
Smith, Martin Cruz, 1942-. Stalin's ghost : an Arkady Renko novel. 1st Simon & Schuster hardcover ed. New York : Simon & Schuster, 2007.
Gay, William. I hate to see that evening sun go down : collected stories.
Local author Daniel Barbarisi and his new book (pictured below) Chasing the Thrill: Obsession, Death, and Glory in America's Most Extraordinary Treasure Hunt was featured on NPR- take a read or a listen.
We have autographed copies available.
Always excited for a new Anne Tyler- Coming March 22, 2022 from A.A. Knopf.