~ The Snettisham Great Torc.
Period: Iron Age
Date: 150 B.C.-50 B.C.
Place of origin: England, Norfolk; Snettisham, Ken Hill
Medium: Gold alloy
Silver rhyton, Achaemenid Empire, 5th century BC
from The Metropolitan Museum of Art
I think censoring the existence of pederasty and misogyny and sexual violence in greek history and myth is wrong because it allows people to pretend greece was a perfect civilization because it "invented" democracy
2,200 Year Old Alexander the Great Statue Discovered in Alexandria
The Ministry of Antiquities in Cairo has recently discovered a statue of Alexander the Great within an ancient “residential and commercial zone” in Alexandria that they believe was a trade center in the region during the Ptolemaic period.
The archaeologists made their discovery in August 2021 after nine months of excavations.
The team discovered molds for statues of Alexander the Great at the site as well as an alabaster bust of the iconic ancient leader. Also amongst these items were materials for creating amulets for warriors.
As they explored this area of Alexandria, known as the al-Shatby neighborhood, “the mission found a large network of tunnel tanks painted in pink for storing rain, flood and groundwater to be used during the draught time” said Mostafa Waziri, the Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities of Egypt to the Xinhua News Agency.
Waziri further explained the layout of the town: “it was composed of the main street and several branch roads that are all connected with a sanitation network.”
He believes that the area was active from the 2nd century B.C. to the 4th century A.D. Waziri also noted that the team found an array of pottery pots, coins, plates, fishing tools, and rest houses for travelers.
The ruins of the area’s buildings combined with the artifacts found there have led the team to believe that the town had a lively market that sold pots and had workshops for the construction of statues, amulets, and other items.
By Thomas Kissel,
Reconstructions made from the ancient skeletons found at archeological sites:
The Whitehawk Woman. She lived in England around 5,000 years ago and was buried with great care. She was also buried with a newborn infant, and died aged between 19 and 25 years old. Researchers believe she died during or very soon after childbirth. Her bones indicate she was otherwise in good health.
Adelasius Ebalchus. He lived in Switzerland 1,300 years ago, and was in his late teens/early twenties at the time of his death. His gravesite indicated he came from wealth, and his bones showed he was well-nourished. His bones also showed that Adelasius suffered a lingering infection; archeologists believe he most likely died from lung inflammation.
The Slonk Hill Man was found semi-crouched in a grave near the seaside town of Brighton, England — in the same area as the Whitehawk Woman. Their lives, however, were separated by nearly 3,000 years. The Slonk Hill Man lived during Britain’s Iron Age. The reconstruction artist (an archeologist and sculptor) described him as being “very good looking”, tall, muscular, and in robust health at the time of his death. There were no obvious signs of what caused his death.
The Wari Queen. She was found in 2012 by a Polish-Peruvian archeology team, entombed in an underground mausoleum in El Castillo de Huarmey, Peru. She lived approximately 1200 years ago and died in her sixties. Her bones indicate she led a leisurely life, and her decayed teeth indicate a diet high in sugar (most likely she regularly drank the sugary corn-based beer, chicha). Other artefacts in her chamber suggest she was an expert weaver — a very highly-valued craft.
Do you ever think about how many of the items now considered priceless artifacts were once commonplace items? The coins we now marvel at from behind the glass at a museum were once tossed around, stepped on, and traded around. The pottery painstakingly pieced back together was somebody’s favorite wine jug. The decorative pin now rusted and bent once held together the shoulder of someone’s chiton. History is simply a trail of ordinary people going about their day, and I think there’s an odd sort of beauty in that.
Bronze newborn puppy
Of Greek or Roman craftsmanship, discovered in Rome
The Walters Art Museum
temple of horus | edfu, egypt
A collection of Roman, Greek and Carthaginian masks.
~ Sima with Lion's Head Waterspout.
Date: 425–400 B.C.
Medium: Terracotta with polychromy
Gold and basalt pendant, Egypt, 18th Dynasty, circa 1550 - 1292 BC
from The British Museum
Glass mosaic plaque fragment with floral motifs (Roman, Egyptian late 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D).
Deep cobalt blue ground, appearing black; decoration in opaque white, yellow, and red, and other colours. Plants include a poppy seed head and an ear of wheat.
Glass, fused sections; cast.
Image and text information courtesy The Met.
Roman Altars Reveal Their True Colors
Seven Roman altars at the Great North Museum: Hancock now feature animations projected directly onto the stone surface
Historians often tell us to try and visualize the past as a colorful place – whether it be the bright colors of medieval clothing and statuary or the vibrant blues and golds found in the tombs of Antiquity.
Accordingly Roman Britain was also a place of vibrant hues – even at its most northern reaches. Apart from the deep red robes of the Roman legions, Pliny the Elder cited the orange, red and purple worn by priests and priestesses, while common dyes used in the Roman world included madder, kermes, weld, woad, saffron and lichen purple.
But these colors weren’t just confined to robes and other clothing, the statues and buildings also offered a surprising palette – as can be glimpsed in a new project at the Hancock in Newcastle, which is revealing the colors encountered along Rome’s Northern frontier at Hadrian’s Wall.
The Museum has a vast collection of altars recovered from Hadrian’s Wall – many of them with dedications to the deceased and inscriptions to the Roman Gods – and seven of the latter now feature animations projected directly onto the stone surface to offer a sense of how brightly colored the altars appeared 1900 years ago.
The project, called Roman Britain in Color, is a collaboration between the Museum and Hadrian’s Wall Community Archaeology Project (WallCAP), working alongside creative studio NOVAK.
“We’re used to the look of sandstone altars and reliefs in museums but we forget that they were originally painted in bright colors,” says Andrew Parkin, the Museum’s Keeper of Archaeology. “The paint has been lost over the centuries but researchers have found trace amounts of pigment using ultraviolet light and x-rays.
“These new projected animations really make the altars stand out and add greatly to the Hadrian’s Wall gallery in the museum. The team at NOVAK have done a fantastic job in creating the artwork and mapping the projections precisely onto the stones.”
The animations also offer some artistic interpretations of the altars and the gods associated with them. For instance, the altar to Neptune, Roman god of freshwaters and rivers, was found in the River Tyne. It depicts a blue underwater scene filled with fish.
The altar to Oceanus, god of the sea, is animated with seaweed, starfish and a crab, whereas the altar to Fortuna drips with bright crimson, perhaps suggesting a ritual using wine or the blood of a sacrificed animal.
Other altars with new animations are dedicated to Jupiter, supreme deity of the Roman pantheon, Minerva, goddess of wisdom and strategic warfare, and Antenociticus, a native British god only found at Condercum Roman Fort – present-day Benwell in the west end of Newcastle.
“Roman altars are a great source for understanding the culture of the Roman Empire, but they can seem boring and uninteresting for people that do not know how to ‘read’ them,” adds Dr Rob Collins, Senior Lecturer in Archaeology and WallCAP Project Manager at Newcastle University.
“Working with NOVAK and the Great North Museum: Hancock, the altars come alive and invite you to look more closely at the artistry and information that they hold.”
Anyone interested in volunteering for the WallCAP project can register at wallcap.ncl.ac.uk. Volunteers receive regular updates to alert them of forthcoming opportunities and events to investigate and protect the Wall.
By Richard Moss.
A Lunula (collar), made of precious metals, was discovered during the archaeological research of Tsvyatkova tumulus, Kosmatkite Necropolis in the vicinity of Shipka – Sheynovo villages.
The Lunula is made in combination of several different elements and materials. The collar base is with a moon shape, made of solid iron covering the chest, the shoulders and the back of the person. Embossed silver plate with thick gilding and exquisite decoration completely covers the iron base.
The restored artefact belongs to the group of the so-called „Mezek“ type breastplates, common in Thrace in the second half of the 4th century BC.
The decorated item is part of a protective parade armament. Its discovery, alongside with the numerous artefacts such as: arrowheads, knives, spear, horse skeleton, many horse harness applications, silver fragments and elements of decoration and other objects as well, suggest that the burial belonged to a nobleman.
(via National museum of history, Bulgaria)
Hathor-headed columns in the hypostyle hall of the Temple of Hathor, Dendera, Egypt
Classicists see some totally normal text posts then be like 'aha yes major parallels with the death of Plinkios from book 12 of the Blorbiad amirite?'
Characters that aren’t done enough:
A scary looking guy with a good sense of humour and a protectiveness for the vulnerable
A curvy girl who loves the way she looks and others love it too
A drug addict who has their life ‘together’
A male love interest who is openly emotional
A stereotypically attractive character who doesn’t know it
A character who has an unrequited love for another character despite being physically and spiritually beautiful in every way
A main character with parents
A 30+ year old main character who isn’t reflecting on life as they whither away and die
A strong female character who is compassionate and emotional and not just rude and sarcastic
A main character who has fears and is reluctant at times because they are scared
A wise character who is not book smart
A supposedly dumb character that is wise
A best friend character who plays an important role in the story
A main character who becomes the villain
The main character who has mental health issues
A character who takes medication
An Asian character who is funny but not arrogant
A male love interest who is shorter and less muscular
A main character with a chronic illness whose story isn’t centred around them being ill
A pregnant main character
An older female character who protects and fights on everyone’s behalf
A shy and socially awkward main character
A gay main character
A character who has PTSD but no one knows why until the end
A black love interest
A disabled love interest
A bald main character whose baldness is not a running joke
Plus sized characters
A character with an eating disorder
A funny character who has a lot of trauma and inner pain
A seductive character who is actually really insecure
A tall female character
A fantasy character who can’t fight very well
A character who has stretch marks
A main character with kids and a job
A main character who worries about normal things like course work and bills too
A happily single character
A character with corn row braids
A multilingual character whose main trait isn’t being multilingual
An intelligent, feminist jock character
A male love interest who has soft interests like baking or knitting
A main character who works in a supermarket
A male character who feels uncomfortable about physical contact
A main character who is not the most powerful
The popular girl who is actually really nice
A wise character who is black and listens to Tupac
A black character who is gentle and soft and loves to garden
A villain who has a crush on the protagonist
A terrifying mythical creature who just wanted to be pet and given treats
An 80 year old main character who goes on an adventure with the mail man, her nurse and her grandson
A villain who became rich but was born in poverty
A main character who loves to eat
A character who drives a really average or kinda crappy car
A character with a phobia of animals who still loves and protects them
An Indian seductress
A character who just wants to pass their finals
A main character who is Muslim