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Japanese Verbs Grouping

Japanese verbs are divided into 3 groups: Group 1 is known as Godan verbs, Group 2 is Ichidan verbs, and Group 3 is the Irregular verbs.

Many learners ask how to know which verb belongs to which group. Here’s a list for your reference. Try to memorize it.

Why do we need to know the grouping? Because each group conjugate differently according to the rules of conjugation of its group.


Godan verbs or known as the u-verbs (Group 1)

飲む (のむ) to drink

読む (よむ) to read

書く (かく) to write

描く (えがく) to draw, to paint, to sketch

話す (はなす) to speak, to talk

聞く (きく) to hear, to listen

泳ぐ (およぐ) to swim

遊ぶ (あそぶ) to play

帰る (かえる) to return (home)

知る (しる) to know

入る (はいる) to enter, to go into

歩く (あるく) to walk

走る (はしる) to run

立つ (たつ) to stand

座る (すわる) to sit

買う (かう) to buy

ある to be (for non-living objects)

眠る (ねむる) to sleep

死ぬ (しぬ) to die

炊く (たく) to cook (grains e.g. rice), to boil, to simmer, to stew

取る (とる) to take, to pick up

降る (ふる) to fall (rain, snow)


Ichidan verbs or known as the ru-verbs (Group 2)

食べる (たべる) to eat

見る (みる) to see, to look, to watch

寝る (ねる) to sleep, to go to bed, to lie down

起きる (おきる) to wake up, to get up

考える (かんがえる) to think, to ponder

教える (おしえる) to teach, to instruct

出る (でる) to go out, to leave

いる to be (for living objects)

着る (きる) to wear (clothes)

借りる (かりる) to borrow, to rent, to hire


Irregular Verbs (Group 3)

する to do

来る (くる) to come

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What do you say when your friends tell you they want to learn Japanese? Besides saying it’s a very difficult language, what else would you advice them? I would just show them this chart below and say “If you’re willing to memorize 42 conjugations of every verb, then go ahead… and one more thing, even adjectives conjugate too in Japanese.” LOL

*this list provides the plain form first followed by the polite form. Plain form is used when you talk to your friends, your siblings. Polite form is used when you speak to your teacher, superior, colleagues, boss, clients, people with higher rank than you.

*There are actually more conjugation. This is NOT the complete list yet. The short line above the letter (ō) is to prolong the sound of that character.


1. Taberu / Tabemasu (eat)

2. Tabenai /Tabemasen (not eating)

3. Tabeta / Tabemashita (ate)

4. Tabetai / Tabetai desu (want to eat)

5. Tabetakunai / Tabetakunai desu (doesn’t want to eat)

6. Tabetakatta / Tabetakatta desu (wanted to eat)

7. Tabetakunakatta / Tabetakunakatta desu (didn’t want to eat)

8. Tabeyō / Tabemashō (let’s eat)

9. Tabero / Tabete kudasai (please eat)

10. Taberuna / Tabenaide kudasai (please don’t eat)

11. Tabenakatta / Tabemasendeshita (didn’t eat)

12. Tabeta darō / Tabeta deshō (probably ate)

13. Tabenakatta darō / Tabenakatta deshō (probably didn’t eat)

14. Tabete iru / Tabete imasu (eating)

15. Tabete ita / Tabete imashita (was eating)

16. Tabete inai / Tabete imasen (is not eating)

17. Tabete inakatta / Tabete imasendeshita (wasn’t eating)

18. Taberareru / Taberaremasu (can eat)

19. Taberarenai / Taberaremasen (cannot eat)

20. Tabesaseru / Tabesasemasu (make one eats)

21. Tabesasenai / Tabesasemasen (make one not eat)

So, what do you think? Ready to take up the challenge to learn seriously?

Now, write the conjugation for the verbs: drink, read, write, walk, talk, run, sleep, etc.

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Progressing Actions (~ている, ~てある)

Present Progressive

ている/ます are for present-tense progressive actions. Even う-verbs like 読む have いる added to them to make them present progressive.

食べています - I am eating

彼は何を読んでいるの? - what is he reading? (読んで - よんで - can be shortened to 何を読んでんの)

「武蔵地」 を読んでんの - He’s reading “Musashichi”

Past Progressive

ていた is added to て-form verbs. Shortened to てた in casual convo, ました in polite.

講義(こうぎ)を分かってたないよの? - were you not understanding the lecture? (“did you not understand the lecture” cuz english doesnt rlly have a direct past-progressive for it)

ゴメン! 聞いてたないよ - sorry! I wasnt listening

京都へ犬を歩くのが見ていました - I was watching a dog walk over to Kyouto

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Okay, so I found two GIFs for this post and can’t choose between them… so I’m posting both!  GIF #1:

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Originally posted by donateyourfather

I almost passed this one up until I saw Levi’s clean-freak behind 😂

And now, onto GIF #2:

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This is me trying to learn this damn 🙃 lovely language, heh heh

So as you can see, this is gonna be a French-themed post.  Now, based on the title (esp. the “nemesis” part), take a wiiiiild guess as to what this French post will be about… YEP, YOU GUESSED IT:

~CONJUGATION~

As much as I’m not caring for reviewing it at the moment, I know that it needs to be done, especially them annoying subjunctive conjugations, SHEESH!  And so, Adelante… lol wrong language allons-y!! 😂

I’ll separate the conjugations into 3 main categories: Indicative (Indicatif), Subjunctive (Subjonctif) and Conditional (Conditionnel).  Under those 3 categories there will be the subcategories of Présent, Passé Composé, Imparfait, Futur, etc. DISCLAIMER: THE AMOUNT OF SUBGROUPS DIFFER BETWEEN THE 3 MAJOR CATEGORIES.  Just because that’s how French is, hon hon hon! 😂  DISCLAIMER #2: THIS POST IS SOLELY DEDICATED TO REGULAR VERBS.  I’ll make another post for the irregular verbs, because that’s a whole other monster that’d make this post TOO LONG if I included it in here.

So, without further ado:

INDICATIF

~ Présent ~

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~ Imparfait ~

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*Perhaps as you can see, the imparfait conjugation of “-Re” verbs is done exactly as that of the “-Er” verbs.  We’ll see more of this happening, but between the “-Er” and “-Ir” verbs, whose charts you’ll later see combined because of this… like in the futur simple chart directly below!


~ Futur Simple ~

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And now we move onto the complex tenses for the indicatif portion of this verb conjugation post!  But first, a quick note:

For all of the complex REGULAR verb conjugations we use [Avoir + participle]. To conjugate, we have to know how to only conjugate “avoir” and know what the participle forms of the main verbs are. For passé composé specifically, which is what we start with below, we have to learn how to conjugate “avoir” in the present indicative tense.

~ Passé Composé ~

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Now for this next complex tense, plus-que parfait, we do the same: conjugate “avoir” and pair it with the participle form of the main verb.  However, for this tense we conjugate “avoir” into the imparfait tense.

~ Plus-que Parfait ~

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And of course for this next one, the futur antérieur, we have to conjugate “avoir” into the futur tense!

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Alright, that wraps it up for the indicatif category, now onto the category I personally hate the most… SUBJONCTIF 🙃🙃🙃🙃🙃🙃🙃🙃

SUBJONCTIF

~ Présent ~

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And here is where you find out why I hate this mode in French (not so much in Spanish anymore, thank God):

For “-er” ending verbs, you may have noticed that everything is conjugated as if conjugating the present indicative… BUT DON’T THINK OF THESE ENDINGS LIKE THIS!!! This will only confuse you if you do. Instead, think of this set of endings as something completely separate, specifically for the present subjunctive. Another thing you may have noticed is that for “nous” and “vous” the verbs are conjugated as if conjugating the imparfait. Again, DON’T THINK OF THEM LIKE THIS. I mean, if you find that relating these conjugations back to previous tenses covered above helps you, then by all means. But if you find yourself getting confused (like yours truly), it’s better to not relate them so much to what’s been previously touched on.

Going further with what I said, here’s another reason as to why you maybe shouldn’t do this: the “-ir” subjunctive endings you see below are different from “-ir” endings of any other aforementioned tense. If you do what I recommend NOT doing for the “-er” verbs, chances are you’ll get yourself confused on how to form the subjunctive with the “-ir” verbs, and in turn with the “-re” verbs as well.

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Next, we have the passé de subjonctif, which is the complex form for this subjonctif section of the post.  Take a wiiiiiiild guess as to which tense we have to conjugate “avoir” into?

~ Passé de Subjonctif ~

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And lastly, we have the conditionnel portion of this post, which like the subjonctif part contains both a simple and complex form.  Again, before on, quick note: In Spanish we use both subjunctive forms and conditional forms together to create the conditional sentences, sentences I tried to utilize as example sentences for both the subjonctif and conditionnel sections of this post.  However, I have a strong feeling that what I tried to do here (using the subjonctif and conditionnel together as opposed to the conditionnel and she other tense) is completely wrong, LOL 😂😂😂 BUT it’s given me inspiration to make another post (probs in the faaaar future… sorry in advance) comparing the use of subjective between Spanish and French… maaaaainly to get it straight in my own head, but also to hopefully help someone else out with the same problem!  ANYWAY, onto conditionnel!

CONDITIONNEL

~ Présent ~

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Apologies for the last example sentence for conditionnel simple; I couldn’t come up with anything better at 2am when I made it up. 

~ Passé de Conditionnel ~

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Eeeeet je pense que c’est fini!  Sorry for the text-heavy post, but that’s for sticking through to the end of this one guys!!  As always, if you have any questions, see any mistakes or just want to chat it up with me, feel free to send me an ask.  All of these charts and example sentences were made by me in a Google doc that you can find here if you wanna skip all of the text in this post.  And here’s to the next post that will NOT be about French verbs, because I need a break from that before trying to tackle the irregular verbs. 😭  Until next time!

乾杯 (Gān bēi)! 🥂

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sometimes when you conjugate an adjective it is necessary to change letters based on the ending (for this exercise I will conjugate into informal present tense)

if the word ends in ~하 : change to 해 ex. 하다 = 해요

If the word ends with ㅡ : change to ㅓ ex. 크다 = 커요 UNLESS the character before is a ㅏ then turn to ㅏ ex. 나쁘다 = 나빠요 OR there is a ㄹ at the end turn to ㄹ 라 ex. 빠르다 = 빨라요

if the word ends in ㅂ : change to 워 ex. 뜨겁다 = 뜨거워요

if the word ends in ㅣ : change to ㅕ ex. 느리다 = 느려요

if the word has a ㅏ on top and a ㅎ on the bottom : change to ㅐ ex. 삘갛  = 빨개요

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hey grammar side of tumblr,

if it’s “I speak out, I spoke out, I have spoken out,” why is it not also “I freak out, I froke out, I have froken out”?

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Dynamic Squats
Same as last week but with 2 added reps. 5×5 at 285 to a box with bands. Last dynamic lower day before the meet and I’d say it was a success, looking pretty fast and solid here.
#madtownfitness #crushit #squat #boxsquat #coffeeandconjugate #professionalidiot #dynamiceffort #dynamicmethod #conjugate #conjugatemethod (at Madtown Fitness)
https://www.instagram.com/p/CG8-Fc7ASDo/?igshid=tokvvvawci0r

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[image description: a screenshot of an assignment. a header, black text on a white background, reads: Chapter 2 Speaking Test. below is more text, a subheader, reading: Tell your teacher about the last time you went to a restaurant. “the last time” is underlined. end image description]

s. señora. por favor. coronavirus. no podemos.

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i hate classical archaeology bc its 4 am and im reading a review in french of an italian exhibit bc i can’t find the italian book bc i want to look at the goddamn pictures bc it was referenced in the english book that i read and in far too few hours im gonna be in german class and I just 

classics is just like buy 2 languages get 3 free.  bc u have to do latin and ancient greek but then for PhD programs they want you to do 2 out of 3 italian, german, or french so you can read more international scholarship and like 

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