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#english vocabulary
7-percent · 8 months ago
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Britpick    English Vocabulary
For every fanfic writer who has English characters or sets their stories in modern day Britain, this may help you in your writing.
There is a whole dictionary of British words that may seem baffling to non-native speakers (and I include Americans in here, LOL). On the other hand, some of these may well be in use in the USA and elsewhere, but they are English in origin. To help translate and to give you some tips about how to make your fanfiction set in England or using English characters more authentic, I offer the following words from M to Z:
Manky                  Inferior, worthless, dirty and unpleasant
Mobile                  what Brits call a phone, not "cell"
MOT                      Ministry of Transport, now used only to refer to the annual car inspection that it has pass in order to stay on the road as licenced. Then you pay the car tax on top.
Naff                       Worthless, tacky, unfashionable. "Naff off" is a slightly less rude way of saying "piss off" or go away.
Nappy                   What an American calls a diaper.
Nobble                 Try to influence or thwart by dishonest, underhand or illegal means; to steal
Normality            What an American calls "normalcy"
Nowt                     Nothing
Off you go           Go away and get down to work. Not rude.
Oik                         An uncouth or obnoxious individual
On the back foot   Defensive, put under pressure; derived from the game of cricket
Outwith                   A Scottish word that means beyond or outside.
P45                         Tax certificate given when employment is terminated. "Handed my p45" means sacked.
Page 3                   Risqué, refers to the bare-breasted models who used to be on page 3 of the Sun newspaper.
Peckish                 Hungry
Petrol                    What Brits put into their car engines (not "gas"); well, not if it's diesel, but you get the idea.
Pitch                      Can refer to the field on which football or cricket is played. "Get onto the pitch"
Plonker                Idiot
Ponce/ponce about/poncy      Ponce is Victorian word for a man who lives off a woman’s earnings (”kept man”), then it became a synonym for a pimp. Ponce about is to behave in an affective or ineffectual way. Poncey means pretentious or affected. Three different words and usage, so be careful to pick the right one.
Pong                      Smell bad. Honk is a synonym; "You honk" means you're offensively smelly.
Porkies                 Lies. "You're telling porkies".
Posh                      Literally, "Port Outbound, Starboard Homebound" The side of the ship with the most expensive cabins. Now just used to mean a person, place or thing that is classy, fancy, expensive. Associated with upper-class Brits.
Pukka                    Of Indian origin; in Hindi  it means "cooked; ripe"; now generally used to describe something that is legitimate, good, genuine, for real.
Randy                   Lustful, hot, sexy. You can see how Brits would react if an American bloke introduced himself as "Hi, I'm Randy" which actually happened to me when my sister brought her latest boyfriend around to meet me.
Ropy                      Of poor quality; "good money for old rope".        
Satnav                  What Americans call GPS.
Send to Coventry  To ostracise, ignore, avoid their company, treat as if they didn't exist. Thought to originate from the English Civil War, where Royalist troops that surrendered were sent to the West Midlands town of Coventry to be imprisoned.
Sellotape             Scotch tape
Shambolic           Chaotic, disorganised, mismanaged; relating to "shambles" which is the noun form. Some medieval English cities had a poor quarter known as The Shambles, some of which still survive as tourist areas- York and Brighton, for example.
Skip                        What an American would call a dumpster.
Sleeping policemen   Rumble strips, speed humps/bumps to slow car traffic.
Squidgy                Soft, moist, squashable.
Smalls                   Men's underwear: pants, vest.
Sticky wicket      Difficult circumstances; originates from Cricket, where the wicket is damp, making the bounce of the ball awkward and batting therefore unpredictable.
Stroppy                Bad tempered and argumentative            
Suck it and see  When you try something new and you don't know whether you will like it; originates with British boiled sweet (candy) flavours that you've not had before.
Tetchy                  Irritable or peevishly sensitive
Throw a wobbly   Become very angry or upset
Titchy                    Little, small.
Tosser                   Someone who masturbates a lot; a wanker
Whilst                   Yes, this one is like "while"; same meaning, but Brits use whilst a lot more than while when it is used as a conjunction or an adverb. "John made the tea whilst Sherlock sulked on the sofa."
Whinge                Complain in a persistent and irritating manner.
Whip-round       A collection of money made for a good cause; "Sally had a whip-round the office to be able to buy Lestrade a decent retirement present."
Witter                   To chatter or babble aimlessly and continuously about nothing important
Yonks                    A long time. May have originated from "donkey's years" or an amalgam of years/months/weeks. First seen in print in the 1960s.
Zebra crossing   Pedestrian crosswalk. Not pronounced "zeeebra" but rather "zehbra"
 If you've run across any other words in a story set in Britain or with English characters that made you raise an eyebrow in confusion, do tell me and I will add it to the list.
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languagestudymaterials · 2 months ago
[just saw post on pockets of fluency] I'm curious to hear your advice when it comes to comprehension as opposed to production. I like reading, but novel authors use so many flowery words that I find myself needing to look up often to just understand what's going on. However, I hate the idea of interrupting myself to add words to Anki that I might never use (I'm kinda a perfectionist myself though—it's a struggle). I've heard of people just writing down new words, but what's your philosophy?
(Have you heard of this website? I recommend Level D and E for better novel (or any other “advanced” piece of writing) comprehension.)
Hey! Thanks for the ask!
Reading novels in your second or third language might be challenging. Long time ago I decided that I wanted to study English with the LOTR books. I got a copy and started reading. One page of the book contained approximately 12 words that I couldn’t understand. 5 pages? Around 60 new words. The reading process got easier around volume 2, but the beginning was tough. I took notes, marked all the words in the book and then transferred them into my little hand-made dictionary, checked the pronunciation for each… It took me like a year to read volume 1 and half of the volume 2 (it was like 10 years ago) Conclusion? I marked around a thousand of words…. I remembered just one! “Oddities.” It was on page 6 at the top. I don’t know why I remembered this one, but yeah, I will forever associate “oddities” with LOTR. After that I decided to grade my reading materials and looked for books that were on my level. Upon completing level D & E of vocabulary workshop, my reading pace and comprehension sped up tremendously. The first book I picked up just to see if would be able to read it without any help of a dictionary was “Lost Boy” by Christina Henry. It took me four days to finish the story. The story is amazing and lots of words from both of these levels could be found inside.
So, what’s my advice then?
Don’t take notes and don’t write down new words.
I’ve noticed that people memorize vocab more effectively when they connect words with certain events, emotions, or people. Reading is a passive activity which isn’t shared with other people unless you want to discuss the book. You might feel some emotions, of course, while reading a book, but you’re still a passive bystander who observes everything. You’re more likely to memorize words from a random Tumblr post because you choose the content that you’re interested in and later you discuss it with other people. That random post doesn’t disappear from your life as soon as you log out of Tumblr. You keep recalling the post, for example, you use it as an example in your conversations or you comment on it in your own post. You, in a way, practice vocabulary from that post and add something on your own to it. Words from the books, unfortunately, disappear once the story is over. The influx of vocabulary that books offer is just a bit too overwhelming and you need to make a choice “Am I reading for pleasure or Am I learning new words this time?” I strongly recommend asking yourself these two simple questions. Telling yourself what exactly you want helps determine your goals, working pace & style, and it also helps your brain to focus on the essentials. If you want both, your brain is more like “Should I enjoy this passage or memorize it?” Also, that flowery language you talk about is mostly found in books. Everyday conversations are rather simple and short. So, do you need to know all those words? Probably not.
I read solely for pleasure and I look up words only when I REALLY don’t understand a sentence. Like REALLY, REALLY, other than that, I just ignore new words and move on. It’s so much easier and each year I consume over 30 books written in English.
So yeah, to sum up:
It takes time to get used to the fact that you don’t need to know every single word in a book.
You either read for pleasure or for vocabulary.
Flowery language is there for you to help you feel the emotions, boost your imagination, etc. In real life, people prefer to be concise and to the point.
Level D & E may really help you with your reading skills.
And yeah….”words you might never use” then why bother?
I hope it helps!
All the ideas come from my own experience, my students’ experience, and my teaching practice. They aren’t universal truths or whatsoever.
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letslearnvocab · 3 months ago
He’s leafing through the pages of a white binder that he found on the desk.
leaf through something (phrasal verb) - hojear
to turn pages quickly and read only a little
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highkeygolden · 6 months ago
Frisson: a sudden strong feeling of excitement or fear; a thrill.
"a frisson of excitement"
Friable: easily crumbled.
"the soil was friable between her fingers"
Sough: make a moaning, whistling, or rushing sound.
"the soughing of the wind in the canopy of branches"
Alate: having wings or winglike appendages.
Quean: an impudent or badly behaved girl or woman.
a prostitute
Quidnunc: an inquisitive and gossipy person.
Interlude: an intervening period of time; an interval.
"enjoying a lunchtime interlude"
Crescendo: the loudest point reached in a gradually increasing sound/intensity in a situation.
"the hysteria reached a crescendo around the soring festival"
Rebuke: express sharp disapproval or criticism of (someone) because of their behaviour or actions.
"she had rebuked him for drinking too much"
Irrefutable: impossible to deny or disprove.
"irrefutable evidence"
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studisuu · 4 months ago
18.Jul || word of the day
1. to ward off (something, such as a weapon or blow)
2. to evade (something, such as a question) by an adroit answer
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deeper understanding
parry (which is used in fencing) was borrowed from the French word parer, meaning "to ward off" or "to avert".
the french word likely borrowed the word from the italian word parare meaning "to prepare, adorn, avert, shield, keep out", and that words source is from latins word parāre meaning "to supply, provide, make ready
other english words that come from this Latin word are prepare, repair, and apparatus
so, latin>italian>french>english
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uzmakihana · a year ago
Tsukishima : lets work on your past tense
Tsukishima : "can" ?
Kageyama : "could"
Tsukishima : "will" ?
Kageyama : "would"
Tsukishima : "may" ?
Kageyama : .. "mould" ?
Tsukishima : FOR THE 15TH TIME ITS "MIGHT"
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learningenglishpro · 5 months ago
Check out my latest English vocabulary video on Pediatric Medicine and then head over to my YouTube channel and SUBSCRIBE for lots more AMAZING content! 
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spectrophobick · a year ago
latin phrases i wish to remember:
♡ "veni, vidi, vici." - i came, i saw, i conquered.
♡ "vivamus, moriendum est." - let us live, for we must die.
♡ "ergo dum me diligis." - so long as you love me.
♡ "alis volat propriis." - she flies with her own wings.
♡ "sic mundus creatus est." - thus the world was created.
♡ “aut inveniam viam aut faciam.” - i shall either find a way, or make one.
♡ "cogito ergo sum." - i think, therefore i am.
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my-name-is-dahlia · 10 months ago
Vocabulary (pt.dccclxv)
Words taken from The Song of Achilles (2011), by Madeline Miller:
changeling (n.) a child or thing believed to have been secretly substituted for another.
kithara / cithara (n.) an ancient Greek and Roman stringed musical instrument similar to the lyre.
Vimba (n.) a genus of cyprinid fish that is found in Europe and western Asia. There are currently four described species.
loach (n.) any of numerous small slender freshwater cyprinoid fishes of the family Cobitidae, found in Europe and Asia.
chiton (n.) a “dress is often seen in Roman or Greek art. The Doric version was made by draping material over the body and fastened at the shoulder by clasps. The Ionic chiton version was draped about the body and pinned at the waist.” [x]
halyard (n.) nautical. a rope or tackle for raising or lowering a sail or yard etc.
charnel house (n.) a house or vault in which dead bodies or bones are piled.
macerate (v.) make or become soft by soaking.
clangour (n.) a prolonged or repeated clanging noise.
featly (adv.) in a graceful manner. [x]
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myshiptrashcan · a year ago
Vocabulary: A
(I'm trying to expand my vocabulary)
Aback: suddenly disconcerted
Abase: humiliate; humble
Abash: confuse; make embarrassed
Abate: lessen; diminish
Abdicate: renounce, or give up
Abhor: detest; disgust
Abreast: side by side
Accost: to boldly or aggressively approach
Acquiesce: to consent without protest
----- (I'm trying to put it into a sentence) -----
Aback: He was taken aback by the intensity of such emotion.
Abase: It had been abasing to have shown that kind of vulnerability.
Abash: Abashed by his foolish hopes, he made to leave.
Abate: He desperately needed to abate the aching he felt in his heart.
Abdicate: It was a pain so absolute that he wished to abdicate the ability to feel at all.
Abhor: In the silence of privacy he regarded himself and his rash actions with abhorrence .
Abreast: He had simply longed to spend his days walking abreast one another.
Accost: Perhaps he had accosted him, and therefore put him off.
Acquiesce: If he had known the outcome of his words he would have acquiesced to a life of mere friendship, rather than to lose him altogether.
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letslearnvocab · a month ago
"What did I say about beauty sleep?" "Sorry, bad dream. It was wedding jitters."
jitter (n) - nerviosismo
feelings of extreme nervousness
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blacklinguist · a year ago
gre studying : vocabulary
here’s some words and definitions that i either completely didn’t know, or use without knowing .... it’s a Quirk
some of these are actually really obscure but others .... symptom of dyslexia #385239 you just vibe w words
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halleyj96 · a year ago
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My goal in life is to help as many people as possible with their studying so this is probably one of a few things I can do to make your study session less struggling.
TOEIC Vocabulary list and TOPIK Vocabulary list ready to be conquered.
Link to download full size:
- TOEIC Korean ver:
- TOEIC Vietnamese ver:
- TOPIK English ver:
- TOPIK Vietnamese ver:
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anicohort · 2 months ago
There is a set of rules and a code of conduct that I believe that you should adhere in your life.
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