#fish net stockings
So.. i found this...
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Why couldn't Huntress, and black canary look more like this in the movie.
Aw, little sissy. Let's sit you down and clean you up. We have these little panties and a skirt for you. Put on this crop top and fish net, babe. Stockings and heels. We'll dye your hair pink and pierce your ears - and also your nipples. <3 If you're happy, then we can finish you up with the perfect little womb tattoo for a girl like you - you'll be our girl to play with ~
this instantly made me hard sldjsdkaldjsk
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Everyday Hank wakes up before dawn, everyday Hank has a black coffee and a breakfast of eggs and bacon, everyday Hank puts on his overalls and rubber boots and sets off to his boat.
This morning went the same as every other morning for the past 10 years, Hank sat at the wheel inside his little ship while his nets dragged the ocean. It was a simple life but he enjoyed it, the existence of mermaids hadn't really affected him either. Sure now that they were out and in the open he came across them more often, usually it was just the younger ones trying to steal fish from his nets. But for the most part they weren't that much of a nuance, he stuck to his routine and they stayed out of his way.
Hank was busy fixing himself a sandwich when he heard a huge crash coming from the deck, dropping his butter knife Hank dashes outside to find out what's going on. There is blood all over his deck, his gear is thrown about everywhere, he follows the blood trail to find a mermaid cowering under extra nets. Hank is stunned for a moment, quickly Hank starts to pull the nets off of her only to be met with a shriek and claws digging into his hands. "Woman calm down! I'm just trying to help ya!" Hank manages to catch her hands and holds them tight though it doesn't stop the fight.
The mermaid thrashes her tail sending blood everywhere, her breathing suddenly gets ragged and her body goes limp. With the mermaid passed out Hank can finally assess her. Her smooth tail was ripped up, a huge gash runs from her dorsal fin down to her flukes, her right flipper is missing a chunk. Taking advantage of her unconsciousness Hank runs back to the cabin and grads his first aid kit, it was under stocked but it would have to do. Taking some peroxide and a clean rag Hank tries his best to clean her wounds. He doesn't have any actual bandages so just disinfecting will have to do for now.
As Hank puts away his kit and returns to find the mermaid awake and dragging herself away from the side of the boat. Rushing towards her Hank tries to stop her, expecting to feel her claws dig into him again but instead she holds onto his leg and tries to pull herself up.
"P..p-lease, now go."
Hank stood there stunned, looking down at her face all Hank could see was desperation and fear. But before he could do anything else something rammed into his boat, sending him to the floor, the mermaid let out a wail and pulled on Hank's leg. "N..n-ow go, go now please!!" Of course it would be just his luck that the mermaid on his boat was being hunted by something. Another hit to the side snaps Hank into action, deciding it's probably not smart to leave the dolphin girl on the deck he leans down and scoops her into his arms. Just as he turns to move away a spear made of coral comes hurling over the side and lodges into the deck right next to him. Running into the cabin Hank drops the mermaid on the cot and runs back out to cut his net, going back to the wheel Hank ramps up the speed and heads back to shore.
After docking the boat Hank carefully wraps the now sleeping mermaid in some sheets being extra careful around her tail. It was too late to take her to a hospital, or maybe a vet would be better, so Hank loaded her up into his truck and started the drive home.
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CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE CYCLE OF POVERTY
Because the poor tend to live in geographical and climatic regions that are naturally most prone to global climate change, their capability to adapt is certainly flooded by the impact of the changing conditions. They need the tiniest amount assets to trust among the event of a shock—whether or not it is a weather-related disaster, a nasty harvest, or a loved one falling unwell.
These factors hinge on each other and build a perpetuating cycle of poorness that is robust to interrupt. Safety net structures like insurance are also for the foremost half unavailable to the world’s poor. Many are subsistence farmers, fishermen, or have jobs among the business enter-prise industry—vocations very captivated with natural resources just like the ocean, forests, and land for his or her livelihoods. Global climate change compounds existing poorness by destroying livelihoods. Specifi-cally, rising temperatures, dynamical rain patterns, floods, droughts, and completely different weather-related disasters destroy crops and weaken or kill farm livestock. Rising temperatures and acidic oceans destroy coral reefs and accelerate the loss of fish stock. Loss of diversity, weather-related disasters like hurricanes and water level rise have durable nega-tive impacts on business enterprise. The reef Alliance estimates that coral bleaching may result in billions of bucks in losses due to reduced multi-fariousness, coastal protection and income from reef fisheries and touristy. About 6–7 million losses are projected within the next 10 years if coral doesn’t recover within the Philippines based on the net present value of the native diving business. Global climate change drives economic condition through a vicious circle of reduced crop yield and succeeding lower gain that leaves fewer resources for the next year’s planting season. Concerning 60% exploit developing nations’ personnel, about 1.5 billion people, are employed in agriculture, livestock, fisheries, and business enterprise. Most of the farmers carry unclean minimum production and losing a touch amount of their yield pushes them even further into poorness. Fishermen and other people employed in business enterprise lose gain or income concerning 60% exploit developing nations’ personnel, about 1.5 billion people, is employed in agriculture, livestock, fisheries and business enter-prise. Most of the farmers carry unclean minimum production and losing a touch amount of their yield pushes them even further into poorness. Fishermen and other people employed in business enterprise lose gain or income discharged. The loss of diversity is worrisome not only because of its direct impacts on people’s livelihoods, but to boot because of the intrinsic value of diversity and its crucial role in building the poor’s resilience to action. Regeneration evolves as temperature change particularly alters ecosys-tems and reduces species diversity. As an example, species diversity assists in strengthening the ability for cod or lobster fishing resources to sustain stress and shocks. Theme self-regulating processes are crucial, just like the creation of natural carbon sinks that remove acid gas from the atmosphere. Exaggerated landscape diversity with varied plant species and natural lineation barriers like flowering tree forests can defend coastal inhabitants and their belongings from climate shocks like coastal storms and soil erosion. Having an assortment of ancient seeds to help confirm lots of drought resistant crop varieties is a lot of and a lot of very impor-tant to survival in drought-prone areas. There is nice cause for concern as a result of the IPCC estimates that 20–30 % exploit worldwide species are apparently to be at risk of extinction in this century (Foundation, 2009). Where, El Niño happens if ocean surface temperature rises by over 0.5°C across the central tropical Pacific Ocean. And some consultants counsel that El Niño frequency, length, and severity are increasing to warming. For that El Niño effects are usually stronger in South America than in North America, i.e., it’s related to heat and extremely wet summers on the Peru-vian and Ecuadorian coastline. It also has effects on world weather like making drier conditions in Northern Australia and wetter climate along the eastern African coastline.
Lake Trout Slot Size Ontario
Lake troutScientific classificationKingdom:AnimaliaPhylum:ChordataClass:ActinopterygiiOrder:SalmoniformesFamily:SalmonidaeGenus:SalvelinusSpecies:Binomial nameSalvelinus namaycush
Lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) is a freshwater char living mainly in lakes in northern North America. Other names for it include mackinaw, namaycush,lake char (or charr), touladi, togue, and grey trout. In Lake Superior, it can also be variously known as siscowet, paperbelly and lean. The lake trout is prized both as a game fish and as a food fish. Those caught with dark coloration may be called mud hens.
From a zoogeographical perspective, lake trout have a relatively narrow distribution. They are native only to the northern parts of North America, principally Canada, but also Alaska and, to some extent, the northeastern United States. Lake trout have been widely introduced into non-native waters in North America and into many other parts of the world, mainly Europe, but also into South America and certain parts of Asia. Although lake trout were introduced into Yellowstone National Park's Shoshone, Lewis and Heart lakes legally in the 1890s, they were illegally or accidentally introduced into Yellowstone Lake in the 1980s where they are now considered invasive.
Lake Trout Fishing Regulations. Open Season: (Feb 15 to March 15) & (3rd Saturday in May to Sept 30 for Zone 8 Limit - Sport License: 2 in your possession for zone 10 Limit - Sport License: 3 in your possession for zone 8 Limit - Conservation License: 1 in your possession Size Restrictions - Sport License: Only 1 over 15.7 inches. Gord Ellis senior with a trophy Lake trout caught from Ontario’s Lake Nipigon. These are five lakes you have to try in Ontario. By Gord Ellis. March 19, 2015. Updated on: June 28, 2016. Ontario is so blessed with wonderful lake trout fisheries that picking five is a tough call. Lake trout - none between 40-55 cm (15.7-21.7 in.). Aylen Lake - Dickens Twp. Only one line may be used when angling through the ice. Lake trout - none between 40-55 cm (15.7-21.7 in.). Baldcoot Lake - Bangor Twp. Brook trout open from 4th Sat. Baptiste Lake - Herschel Twp. Lake trout open from 3rd Sat. In May - Sept.
A lake trout
Lake trout are the largest of the chars; the record weighed almost 102 pounds (46 kg) (netted) with a length of 50 inches (130 cm), and 15–40-pound (6.8–18.1-kilogram) fish are not uncommon. Play poker online for money usa. The average length is 24–36 inches (61–91 centimetres). The largest caught on a rod and reel according to the IGFA was 72 pounds (33 kg), caught in Great Bear Lake in 1995 with a length of 59 inches (150 cm).
Lake trout inhabit cold, oxygen-rich waters. They are pelagic during the period of summer stratification in dimictic lakes, often living at depths of 20–60 m (66–197 ft).
The lake trout is a slow-growing fish, typical of oligotrophic waters. It is also very late to mature. Populations are extremely susceptible to overfishing. Many native lake trout populations have been severely damaged through the combined effects of hatchery stocking (planting) and over harvest.
There are three subspecies of lake trout. There is the common lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush namaycush), the siscowet lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush siscowet), and the less common rush lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush huronicus). Some lakes do not have pelagicforage fish during the period of summer stratification. In these lakes, lake trout take on a life history known as planktivory. Lake trout in planktivorous populations are highly abundant, grow very slowly and mature at relatively small sizes. In those lakes that do contain deep-water forage, lake trout become piscivorous. Piscivorous lake trout grow much more quickly, mature at a larger size and are less abundant. Notwithstanding differences in abundance, the density of biomass of lake trout is fairly consistent in similar lakes, regardless of whether the lake trout populations they contain are planktivorous or piscivorous.
A lake trout in spawning dress.
In Lake Superior, common lake trout (S. n. namaycush) and siscowet lake trout (S. n. siscowet) live together. Common lake trout tend to stay in shallower waters, while siscowet lake trout stay in deeper water. Common lake trout (also called 'lean' lake trout) are slimmer than the relatively fat siscowet. Siscowet numbers have become greatly depressed over the years due to a combination of the extirpation of some of the fish's deep water coregonine prey and to overexploitation. Siscowet tend to grow extremely large and fat and attracted great commercial interest in the last century. Their populations have rebounded since 1970, with one estimate putting the number in Lake Superior at 100 million.
Lake trout are known to hybridize in nature with the brook trout; such hybrids, known as 'splake', are normally sterile but self-sustaining populations exist in some lakes. Splake are also artificially propagated in hatcheries, and then stocked into lakes in an effort to provide sport-fishing opportunities.
Video poker, games like Jackpot Party, the 777 machines, etc.I don't gamble often, and if I do it is small amounts ($20-$40). Disconnect cash out button igt s plus slot machines site. I understand the math well enough to know that if I win I just got lucky.
Beste slot machine holland casino. Lake trout were fished commercially in the Great Lakes until lampreys, overharvest and pollution extirpated or severely reduced the stocks. Commercial fisheries still exist in some areas of the Great Lakes and smaller lakes in northern Canada. Commercial fishing by Ojibwe for Lake Trout in the Lake Superior is permitted under various treaties and regulated by the Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commission (GLIFWC).
Origin of name
The specific epithetnamaycush derives from namekush, a form of the word used in some inland Southern East Cree communities in referring to this species of fish. Other variations found in East Cree are kûkamâs[h], kûkamâw and kûkamesh. Similar cognate words are found in Ojibwe: namegos = 'lake trout'; namegoshens = 'rainbow trout', literally meaning 'little lake trout'.
Geneva, New York claims the title 'Lake Trout Capital of the World,' and holds an annual lake trout fishing derby.
^'Salvelinus namaycush'. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
^'Mud Hens??'. Lake Ontario United - Lake Ontario's Largest Fishing & Hunting Community - New York and Ontario Canada.
^'Salvelinus namaycush Lake trout'. Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
^'NAS - Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Lake Trout'. US Geological Survey. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
^Munro, Andrew R.; Thomas E. McMahon; James R. Ruzycki (Spring 2006). 'Source and Date of Lake Trout Introduction'(PDF). Yellowstone Science. 14 (2).
^'International Game Fish Association-Lake Trout'. International Game Fish Association. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
^Moen, Sharon (December 2002). 'Siscowet Trout: A Plague of Riches'. Minnesota Sea Grant. Retrieved 20 December 2007.
^Berst, A. H.; Ihssen, P. E.; Spangler, G. R.; Ayles, G. B.; Martin, G. W. (1980). 'The splake, a hybrid charr Salvelinus namaycush x S. fontinalis.'. In Balon, E. K. (ed.). Charrs, Salmonid Fishes of the Genus Salvelinus. The Hague: Dr. W. Junk Publishers. pp. 841–887.
^'Why Splake?'. Maine.gov Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
^'Lake Superior Treaty Fishery'. Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commission. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
^Berkes, Fikret and Marguerite MacKenzie. 'Cree Fish Names from Eastern James Bay, Quebec' in Arctic, Vol. 31, No. 4 (December 1978), pp. 489-495
^Weshki-ayaad, Lippert and Gambill. Freelang Ojibwe Dictionary Online. Accessed September 21, 2010.
^Lake trout derby, Geneva, NY Accessed September 29, 2010.
Lake Trout Record Size
Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lake_trout&oldid=909554101'
ORGANIC, GOTS & RECYCLED CLOTHIING....WHAT DOES IT ALL MEAN
At Jellyfish Kids, you will find clothes that are Oeko-Tex Standard 100 certified, the world's leading product label for the measure of harmful substances in textiles.
Oeko-Tex Standard 100 is a renowned product label which guarantees a product has been tested and approved according to the requirements of the international Oeko-Tex association for the content of harmful substances and chemicals in textiles. Only products that comply with these requirements may carry the label as proof.
When purchasing Oeko-Tex Standard 100 certified clothes for your children, you can be sure that the garments are completely free of harmful and allergenic chemicals.
WHAT DOES OEKO-TEX STANDARD 100 CERTIFIED MEAN?
Oeko-Tex Standard 100 is a global product label that contributes to high product safety because consumers are assured that certified products do not contain harmful substances.
The required criteria of the Oeko-Tex Association are often far more stringent than national standards. The same requirements are imposed on the products, regardless of the country in which they are produced and analyzed. Through extensive product control and regular visits to textile manufacturers, Oeko-Tex ensures responsible use of chemicals.
The strictest requirements are the ones concerning articles for babies and toddlers up to 3 years of age. While articles worn in contact with the skin also have strict requirements. Molo is certified under product class 1, which achieves all of the above requirements.
The precondition for obtaining the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 certification is that all parts of an article meet the required criteria. Everything to and including fabric, sewing threads and prints, and non-textile accessories such as buttons, zippers, rivets etc. are fully tested.
The Oeko-Tex association continuously adjust these requirements so that they comply with the latest regulations in regard to harmful chemicals and the production of textile products.
HOW DO I KNOW IF A PRODUCT IS OEKO-TEX STANDARD 100 CERTIFIED?
Only products that meet the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 requirements have permission to carry the label.
On our website you’ll be able to see if a product is Oeko-Tex Standard 100 certified. The certification is mentioned in the product description. In addition, the clothes also carry the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 label and reference number on the label.
It is important to us that our articles which come in contact with children's skin are free of harmful chemicals and substances. Furthermore, it is also important that the clothing we choose are produced in a way that minimizes environmental impact for the concern of our planet.
We like to give you brands, that like to increase their sustainable profile. it is of utter importance to us that we promote brands that lead in terms of health-friendly textiles and general responsibility for our common planet.
RECYCLED – COMINF FULL CIRCLE
At Jellyfish kids, you will find a wide range of sustainable and environmentally kind materials. Recycled plastic bottles and recycled polyester have become a big part of the sustainable journey. Materials that are better for the earth, reducing waste from landfills by reusing them in sustainable styles. By post-consumer waste into new resources, the brands we use repurpose the materials, giving them second life.
Recycled polyester fibers are made from recycled, post-consumer waste, often plastic bottles, diverted from landfills. The production of recycled polyester requires less energy than that of new fibers and generates fewer CO2 emissions. Recycled nylon fibers are mainly made from old fishing nets, which is a great way to reduce the amount of nets and other types of waste, such as discarded nylon carpets, tights and stockings that end up in our oceans as trash vortex’s (trash islands).
ORGANIC CHILDREN'S CLOTHES
For us at Jellyfish Kids, caring for the environment by doing our part for the sustainable future of our children is very important. This is why the brands we choose, use most of their cotton qualities, responsibly and organically made.
The brands we choose, use cotton which is either organic or GOTS* certified organic. But what is the difference? GOTS is a very extensive and far-reaching certification programme, which looks at all aspects of the value chain - from harvesting to the final product, as well as socio-economic factors, such as living wages and not only minimal wage. The term ‘organic cotton’ refers to the yarn from which the products are made.
WHAT DOES GOTS CERTIFIED MEAN?
GOTS stands for Global Organic Textile Standard and is the most recognized certification of organic textiles worldwide. The GOTS certificate guarantees that a product is completely organic, from the sowing and harvesting of raw materials, to the full finish of the product. This means everything from agriculture, harvesting, production, processing and manufacturing, as well as packaging and branding.
GOTS guarantees that a clothing item is made from 95% certified organic fibers and free of hazardous chemicals that can be toxic, carcinogenic, endocrine disrupting or environmentally harmful. At the same time, GOTS also ensures proper working conditions for farmers and seamstresses, so that they have the right to a wage they can live on - that is, a living wage and not just a minimum wage.
By purchasing GOTS certified products, you help to ensure that the product is produced with great care for the environment and those who manufacture the products - for the benefit of our planet and our children.
WHAT DOES ORGANIC COTTON MEAN?
The production of organic cotton protects the environment from a wide range of harmful chemicals and pesticides. Organic cotton farming does not allow the use of toxic chemicals, pesticides or GMO’s (genetically modified organisms).
Unlike conventional cotton, organic farmers use ancestral farming methods, such as no-till farming, to preserve the nutritional content of the soil. In this way, organic cotton uses up to 88% less water than conventional cotton.
The deselection of pesticides also has a positive impact on the health of the farmers. By growing organic cotton, the farmers are not exposed to toxic chemicals in the field, because they do not spray the cotton with pesticides, thereby avoiding contact with potentially dangerous chemicals.
ORGANIC CLOTHES CAN BE COLOURFUL
Molo is one of our favourite clothing brands, due to the simple fact that their clothes are fun and colourful while maintaining their high quality! They have been in the fashion industry for many years and have noticed that many associate organic Kids clothes with colourless or neutral tones - but it doesn’t have to be that way. Organic Baby Clothes Cyprus can be colourful – just like Molo!
This can also be true for Dark Crabs, with the one exception being Dark Fishing Bait should even be in a player's stock. Fishing is a ability which includes catching fish from selected spots around Gielinor. Higher Fishing levels allow completely different mechanisms of Fishing, the ability to catch a larger number of fish and increases a player's catch rate.
Iorwerth Camp - Sharks solely, good area if you're fighting, in any other case, it is removed from a financial institution. Rellekka - Very useful if fighting in the world due to the lack of financial institution. Hosidius - Along the river north-west of Hosidius, and just to the east of the town kitchen task, the place there's a financial institution chest. Corsair Cove - To the south-west of the cove, south of the Corsair Cove Dungeon entrance. Infernal eel 80Access to the inner city of Mor Ul Rek.
Shrimps can also be caught alongside uncooked karambwanji in the suitable net spots. OSRS Optimal Quest Guide You can now catch fish with a full inventory if one inventory space would become obtainable from the bait consumed. The in-game skill guide has been reorganised; the "Catches" tab was split apart to particular kinds of fishing, ex. Lake Molch - Aerial fishing using a Cormorant to catch fish from fishing swimming pools that transfer each 7–12 seconds. ScapeRune - Here, players can net fish cooked fish and uncook them in the uncooking pot. If you need to know more about Old School RuneScape Fishing Quests here. Wilderness Bandit Camp - There is one spot in the level 24 Wilderness.
Lumbridge Swamp - At the east side of the swamp is the Fishing tutor, giving a free small net to players that have misplaced theirs, and a few low level fishing spots. Members with level 48 in Fishing can speak with Otto Godblessed in his home near Baxtorian Falls to learn particular barbarian methods of fishing. First, he instructs the player on heavy rod fishing. Heavy rod fishing requires a barbarian rod (discovered under Otto's bed) and any kind of bait (except for stripy/colored feathers), as well as a knife to gut the fish.
Draynor Village - To the south-west of Draynor Village's bank are some fishing spots. It is a great place to start fishing as there is a bank nearby. However, there are two level 7 Dark wizards that may be a problem for players under level 15.
Lumbridge - In the centre of Lumbridge is the River Lum.
However, players danger being attacked by other players here, and a financial institution may be very far-off.
Along with a fishing rod, players also need bait.
Port Piscarilius - Anglerfish may be caught along the north-western shore; this location is very near a bank.
The dragon harpoon and infernal harpoon each have a 20% sooner catch price than the common harpoon, and the crystal harpoon has a 35% quicker catch price. The barb-tail harpoon, dragon harpoon, infernal harpoon, and crystal harpoon can all be wielded. Many players choose these harpoons because it saves an inventory space. Stripy feathers can be utilized for fly fishing, as well. Those feathers work the identical as normal feathers, but players will solely be able to fish rainbow fish, rather than the standard trout and salmon.
It can be required to catch lava eels and is needed in the Heroes' Quest. A sailfish swimming in the water of a fishing spot. Sailfish is a sort of fish that may only be caught in the north-east corner of the Deep Sea Fishing hub.
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HELP SAVE YOUR PLANET
It’s not a secret that our world needs our help urgently. Retailers can have a huge impact on the health of our planet, through packaging, in store systems and through their shopping trolleys and baskets.
We have a range of products made from recycled materials including plastic shopping baskets, trolley baskets and Loop trolleys. We have a new range in stock by Araven called Oceanis.
The Oceanis range comes in all standard colours and still remains the same style and quality as usual. This range is made from 25% of materials that would have ended up in the ocean, a process known as Ghost Fishing. Ghost Fishing is when fishing boats throw any fishing apparatus such as nets, ropes and lines into the ocean, this equipment then traps marine life and eventually they’ll reach the bottom of the ocean. As the fish begin to decay, the netting etc is released up back into the Ocean to start the process again. By purchasing something from the Oceanis range you are preventing this from happening, not only that, you are spreading awareness and allowing more research to be done to hopefully increase the percentage that is included in the range. You will also show your customers you care about sustainability as the baskets and trolleys all come with a sticker which identifies them as part of the Oceanis range.
If this is something you are interested in or have any questions, you can contact us on email@example.com.
Netted Fabrics Market Outlook, End Users Analysis and Share by Type to 2025
The global Netted Fabrics Market is estimated to touch USD 342.7 million by 2025, according to a new report by Million Insights. The market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 3.9% during the forecast years. Changing the fashion industry and increasing demand for comfortable sportswear are attributing to this market growth.
Among different materials, Nylon is anticipated to grow with the highest CAGR of 4.4% throughout the forecast period. The growing use of Nylon in the manufacturing of different products such as tents, fishing nets and backpacks is driving the segment growth. Nylon has high tensile strength and durability. These features make it an ideal material to be used in sportswear. Other materials including polyester are also gaining traction. Polyester is widely used in the manufacturing of seat covers. Thus, the growing automotive industry is positively affecting segment growth.
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Among different products, tulle held the largest share, in 2018 followed by fishnet and others. Fishnet is expected to grow with the highest CAGR during the forecast period. It is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.3% during the forecast period. Apart from manufacturing nets and tents, fishnet is widely used in the manufacturing of bodysuits, stockings and hosiery, especially for women. Popular brands such as Hunkemoller, Victoria Secrets and H&M make beachwear and bodysuits using fishnet fabric.
North America led the market, in 2018 with over 30% of the market share. The region was closely followed by Europe. The presence of popular brands and changing fashion trends in North America are driving regional growth. For example, Stannek Netting is a popular U.S based brand with annual sales of USD 17 million in 2018. The United States is the major contributor to North America’s growth. On the other hand, Asia Pacific is likely to register the highest CAGR over the forecast years. Growing demand for clothing segments and the emergence of various designer brands such as Sabyasachi and Anita Dongre are fueling the growth of the region.
Leading players operating in the netted fabrics market are The Chemours Company, Ultraflexx, Stannek Netting, Jason Mills, Snyder Manufacturing, Inc., Birdair, Fiberflon and Taconic among others. These players are focusing on innovative product development, merger & acquisition and investment in research & development to strengthen their market presence.
Netted Fabrics Material Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2015 - 2025)
Netted Fabrics Product Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2015 - 2025)
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Further key findings from the report suggest:
• Among different products, tulle accounted for nearly 39% of the share, in 2018. This segment is estimated to grow with the significant CAGR over the next few years.
• Among different applications, utility segment held the largest market share of over 50%, in 2018. However, clothing segment is projected to witness the highest CAGR throughout the forecast period.
• Asia Pacific is likely to register a CAGR of 4.5% from 2019 to 2025 because of the growing demand for clothing products.
• North America held the largest share of over 30%, in 2018. Europe was the second dominant region and it is estimated to reach USD 105.43 million by 2025.
St. Patrick’s Day New Dress Story time:
I bought a dress once for a St. Patrick’s day party. It cost me like $2,000.00 in cash.
I was homeless at the time. I didn’t have any money. Well not much anyways. Sometimes you just have to show up looking good homies. Lol. It was a beautiful item. It was shaped like an Alice In Wonderland costume, I’ve been obsessed. It had the same puffy skirt and structured bodice top. Except this dress had spaghetti straps showing off my shoulders and neck really well. And it had a medium to low back with a hidden zipper that went down to my butt. It also had a emerald green wide band ribbon going around my waist and then it tied in the back so I had a puffy green bow on my ass. I looked good that night. We drank all night long and gamboled our savings away. We had fun. No one was available unfortunately. They were all taken or gay. Poop. The whole dress was an emerald green with swirly tie dye green sparkles all over it. I was decked out. I had a mohawk at the time. A tall bleach blond one. And I think I wore black fish net stockings with it and some ballet flats I found to look cute. OMG I think I gave it to my brother to hold onto for me after six months. I only wore it once. It was really sweet. I bought it at this local dress shop located in Old Town. Eureka, CA. 95501. I forget the name of the place. It’s right by the knittery. You know that little nook for making scarfs and hats. That place. The dress place always changes their fancy dresses in the window every few months. So many colorful options to chose from over the years. I think it’s neat. That one time I had an excuse to go in and look around. And I bought one. I usually just pass by it on foot to get a bagel before doing some volunteer work for Tosh nearby.
I was still fat, but the dress was made for my size so it’s ok on that level. I was maybe 40 lbs. lighter than I am now. I’ve been really depressed my whole life. I have meds I’m taking for schizophrenia and ‘rapid cycling bipolar disorder”. I was diagnosed at the age of 19. I’m 31 now. I’m an October baby. I was born on October 13, 1989. It was a Friday. @ 4:20 in the afternoon.
My brother loves beer same as I do. It’s our drink of choice unless I’m feeling in love with some guy. We usually just sit and drink to pass time a lot. Rum n’ Coke otherwise for me. Him? IDK. He never says.
St. Patrick’s Day can be a lot of fun in our family. I drink maybe five glasses of beer (Bud Light in a can for me thanks) and by the end of the night I am dancing naked to music I like a lot. Rock music or slow jams like Ciara. Lol.... Tame me gentlemen. I dare you! Any of you single?
In honor of Earth Day I have created a list of things not to ignore
Recycling is Bullshit.
Only about 9% of those nestle plastic water bottles and coke cans you toss are actually recycled, it’s cheaper to dump plastic in landfills than to recycle. Poor fishes.
Solution: Reduce/stop buying products in single-use form; opt for reusable, reach out to companies and raise concern about the growing pollution crisis and inquire if they have a plan for their part in the problem.
*Loop is a company that is dedicated to helping solve the plastic crisis. They have a milkman model; products are delivered and empties are shipped back to the company. Loop had a partnership with Coco-cola before failing to meet the first product deadline. Loop also faces a lawsuit for stock manipulation and false claims about their technology.
Sustainable Consumerism isn’t Conscious Consumerism.
Clean beauty has been trending, so has sustainability. It appears like a beneficial thing, but under the microscope there are many problems that have risen in the communities. Such as thrift shopping gaining popularity has people on the lower spectrum of income with less variety. And big companies advertising clean beauty products that won’t harm your skin are packaged in plastic that will harm the earth. People easily get addicted to buying makeup and not finishing products before indulging in another, creating lots of waste.
Solution: Don’t buy things you don’t need. Watch styling videos and create some new idea’s with what you already have. Borrow from a friend. If you are on the higher end of the financial spectrum, support sustainable businesses that pay their workers a fair wage. Unsubscribe from those millions of subscription boxes that leave you with thousands of miscellaneous items; choose one box. There are clean beauty products with sustainable packaging that you can purchase, here, here and here are some options. Please finish your mascara tube before browsing.
*You don’t have to buy sustainable, just make sure your purchasing new when your products are empty and not being gluttonous
The West isn’t rationing water...yet.
A t-shirt can be organic cotton with a cool Betty Boop graphic printed on it, but it’s not the most sustainable plant a business can choose. Opt for bamboo or hemp options, way less water to produce products. And, it takes a lot of water to hydrate an animal that will be slaughtered.
Solution: Research materials sustainable businesses use in their textiles, ask for options of items in water-conscious materials. Reduce animal consumption, add more plant-based alternatives into your diet.
You’re eating plastic.
There is so much plastic in the ocean that whales and seagulls stomachs are jammed with pollution when examined. Fishes eat micro plastics, other fishes eat those fishes, and so on up the chain to the human stomach. The commercial fishing industry kills bycatch, unwanted fishes that are caught when trying to obtain a specific target, among the bycatch that are killed and flung back into the ocean are dolphins and sharks. The specific species that is targeted is tuna. This is fueled by the demand for it. Sharks are endangered, if one part of the link breaks, the whole chain falls apart.
Solution: Buy local or stop consuming fish. Research the ethics of fisherman/fisherwoman you are sourcing your food from. Donate to organizations that are protecting ocean life.
Plastic straw deception.
Yes, plastic straws will degrade into micro plastics and cause pollution and harm to aquatic life but the biggest danger they face isn’t straws. Fishing equipment that is made from plastic and dumped, creates most of the ocean waste that threatens ocean life. Whales are big enough to consume the nets and ropes, others aren’t so “lucky” and they are consumed by the plastic. Cigarette butts are the most littered item in the world.
Solution: Don’t trust organizations that are magnifying problems only directed at the consumer to fix. There needs to be individual, communal AND global change. And quit smoking.
Fast Fashion has been demonized, so why aren’t we seeing influencers wear repeats?
80% of all clothes is thrown into the landfill. 80%-90% of donated clothing and items also end up in the landfill. Before that, third party companies can purchase textiles for other uses, such as car seat filler or a developing country can purchase some clothing and hope they are in good condition to resell in their markets. The second hand clothing industry poses threats to ways traditional clothing is made in places like Africa.
Solution: Challenge yourself to wear the same outfit for a week, try a capsule wardrobe, wear the same shirt in the next 4 content pieces you create; challenge yourself to make the looks different.
What are some things you can do now to produce less waste?
Don’t buy unless you need, the most sustainable whatever is the one you already have
Clothing/item swaps; ask your circle if they can make use of this thing you don’t need anymore, ask your neighbor if they have any extra yarn they don’t need instead of buying a new ball
Basic Energy Saving Gentle Reminders: Turn lights off after leaving an empty room, don’t leave water running for dishes (fill the sink up), don’t leave the water running while you brush your teeth, your car engine doesn’t need 10 minutes to warm up; it takes 30 seconds
Before parting with it, can it be upcycles into something else? An old chair can be painted to look fresh and be used as a shelf for some books to sit on or a plant can rest on it
Wear your clothes a couple more times before throwing them in the wash, especially jeans; they have a lot of wear. Run the machine when the load is FULL
Reuse containers and jars, that Becel bowl can be converted into a candy tray or a place to store your nails and bolts, stickers would do justice in jazzing it up. An old jar of spaghetti sauce makes an aesthetically pleasing planter
Don’t throw it away! Used coffee grounds can be made into body scrub or added to plants and you can also add pasta water and rice water (make sure there’s no salt) to your plant babies
If you are making something, look for reclaimed pieces you can use first before purchasing new (cheaper too)
Whenever you’re critical of the impact you can make, ask yourself if you didn’t do the things you are, how much waste would be added to the landfill? If you use a reusable coffee cup and get coffee everyday, that saves 365 plastic lined cups from entering the landfill (not a good covid example, but still, it paints the picture)
Plant a tree, a couple planted 2.7 million in 20 years
Your purchases are votes for the world you want to live in. Buying plastic is a vote for plastic, buying reusable is a vote for reusable
Please do not litter, the Earth will curse you
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Climatic and Eutrophication Effects on the North Aegean Sea Productivity and Anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) Stock | Juniper Publishers
Juniper Publishers-Open Access Journal of Oceanography & Fisheries
Authored by Triantafyllou George
Applying a suite of models is a useful tool to predict changes in the abundance of the North Aegean anchovy stock if climatic change scenarios will be applied. Here we examine the effects of the increase of sea surface temperature due to global warming as well as the effects of decreased precipitation and river runoff that might potentially result in an increase of salinity with an opposite effect on stratification, particularly in coastal river influenced areas of N. Aegean Sea. We demonstrate that the POM-ERSEM Lower Trophic Level model if coupled to an anchovy full life cycle Individual Based Model, describes important processes such as spawning, growth, natural and fishing mortality and fish movement in order to test climate change simulations using the IPSL-CM4 and SINTEX-G climate forcing, implementing the baseline “Business As Usual” (BAU) future river loads scenario and computing long-term climatic simulations (1980-2000 and 2080-2100). We show that a decrease in the anchovy stock is stronger in the future climate simulation with reduced river nutrient loads, as there is a stronger decrease of plankton productivity in river influenced areas, which is particularly reflected in the reduction of the adult biomass/weight, since the adult population is more confined in the coastal river influenced areas, while larvae are more spread in offshore waters. The additional decrease in the anchovy stock in this simulation is mostly related to the reduced egg production due to the decrease in the adult weight. Two future climate simulations show similar starvation mortalities for larvae/juveniles.
Keywords: Climate change; Anchovy full life cycle Individual Based Model; Engraulis encrasicolus; Lower Trophic Level (LTL) model; IPSL-CM4 climate forcing; SINTEX-G climate forcing
Abbreviations: 3D: Three-dimensional; BAU: Business as Usual; BSW: Black Sea Water; Chl-a: Chlorophyll a; CM: Coupled Model; DOC: Dissolved Organic Carbon; ERSEM: European Regional Seas Ecosystem Model; IBM: Individual Based Model; IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change; IPSL: Institute Pierre-Simon Laplace; IPSL-CM4: Institute Pierre-Simon Laplace climate system coupled model; LTL: Lower Trophic Level; MLD: mixed layer depth; netPP: net primary production; POM: Princeton Ocean Model; PSU: practical salinity unit; SST: Sea Surface Temperature; SSS: Sea Surface Salinity; TSR: Temperature Size Rule
Climate change is expected to have a strong effect in the Mediterranean Sea . Even though climate projections may be characterised by significant uncertainties, current climate model simulations have all indicated a significant warming in the Mediterranean Sea [2-4]. An increase of sea surface temperature is expected due to global warming, while decreased precipitation and river runoff might potentially result in an increase of salinity with an opposite effect on stratification, particularly in coastal river influenced areas. An increase of stratification may reduce the productivity through reduced enrichment of euphotic zone with deep-water nutrients. On the other hand, increased stratification may influence the North Aegean circulation that is dominated by the Black Sea Water (BSW) pathways and Levantine water inflow Figure 1, as well as the thermohaline circulation that is related to the N. Aegean nutrient balance. In particular, increasing stratification results in a weakened thermohaline circulation characterised by decreased Levantine water inflow and southward export of deep N. Aegean waters, caused by the reduced dense water formation. The decreased export of deep nutrient rich N. Aegean waters result in the slight enrichment of the nutrient pool and primary production in open sea areas .
Increasing temperature might also affect the metabolic rates (growth, respiration) of both low and high trophic level (ectothermic) organisms. Small pelagic fish respond rapidly to changing ocean environmental conditions, due to their short life span and plankton-based diet. Therefore, climate induced changes in different abiotic environmental factors, such as temperature and biotic factors such as zooplankton may have a significant impact on the N. Aegean anchovy stock (Engraulis encrasicolus). The main anchovy habitats in the N. Aegean are the more productive coastal areas that receive nutrient inputs from river and BSW discharge . Consequently, the N. Aegean anchovy stock is strongly related to the productivity in riverinfluenced areas, which are mainly controlled by river nutrient loads.
The application of a suite of models is a useful tool to predict changes in the abundance of the N. Aegean anchovy stock, if climatic change scenarios will be applied. The POMERSEM Lower Trophic Level (LTL) model has been coupled to an anchovy full life cycle Individual Based Model , describing explicitly all important processes, such as spawning, growth, natural and fishing mortality and fish movement in order to test climate change simulations using the IPSL-CM4 and SINTEX-G climate forcing [8,9], implementing the baseline “Business As Usual” (BAU) future river loads scenario and computing longterm climatic simulations (1980-2000, 2080-2100).
Materials and Methods
The 3D ecosystem model consists of three, highly portable, on-line coupled sub-models: the 3D Princeton Ocean Model (POM) , which describes the hydrodynamics of the area, the ecosystem model [11,5] based on the European Regional Seas Ecosystem Model (ERSEM) , describing the biogeochemical cycles and the full-life cycle small pelagic fish model developed by Politikos et al.  that simulates the dynamics of the North Aegean Sea anchovy stock.
POM is a primitive equation, time dependent, σ- coordinate, free surface, split-mode time step model. It calculates the following equations for the velocity Ui= (U, V, W), temperature T and salinity S.
It contains an embedded second-moment turbulence closure sub model , which gives the vertical eddy diffusivity parameters KM and KH. The analogous horizontal parameters FU, FV, FT and FS are calculated through the Smagorinsky  formulation. The density (T, S, P) is calculated from the UNESCO equation of state adapted by Mellor .
ERSEM is designed to simulate the biogeochemical dynamics of a realistic marine ecosystem . Since its initial development the model has received regular updates and this work makes use the version presented by Petihakis et al. . The model uses a functional type approach to describe the dynamics of the low trophic levels of the ecosystem and the primary producers are split into four phytoplankton functional types. These include three categories based on relative size-picoplankton, nanophytoplankton and dinoflagellates – in addition to diatoms, which are included separately due to their unique incorporation of silicate. Each functional type uses four corresponding variables that represent the content of its constituents: carbon, nitrogen, phosphate, silicate and oxygen. Furthermore, the functional types are characterized by stoichiometric ratios of carbon-to-nutrients, which may vary dynamically between individual ranges defined in the model parameterization by Blackford et al. . The phytoplankton groups differ because of the different values of the parameters characterizing the specific lysis and specific rest respiration.
The zooplankton functional types consist of mesozooplankton, microzooplankton and heterotrophic Nano flagellates. These also separated by relative size because this determines the type of phytoplankton they graze on and the organic matter they excrete. Each zooplankton group is represented by variable corresponding to its biomass (carbon content), as well as its nitrate and phosphate content. Also, the revised version of bacterial sub-model has been used . Pelagic bacteria are assumed to be free-living heterotrophs utilizing particulate and dissolved organic material, produced by the excretion, lysis and mortality of primary and secondary producers as food. Bacterial growth is controlled by the availability of Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC), by the availability of dissolved organic and inorganic nutrients, which allow them to assimilate DOC and by protozoan grazing .
The following equation is solved for the concentration of C for each functional group of the pelagic system:
U, V, W represent the velocity field, AH the horizontal viscosity coefficient and KH the vertical eddy mixing coefficient, provided by the POM. ΣBF stands for the total biochemical flux, calculated by ERSEM, for each pelagic group. The equation is approximated by a finite-difference scheme and is solved in two-time steps an explicit conservative scheme for the advection and an implicit one for the vertical diffusion [15,19,20]. The benthic–pelagic coupling is described by a simple first order benthic returns module, which includes the settling of organic detritus into the benthos and diffusional nutrient fluxes into and out of the sediment.
The full-life cycle small pelagic fish Individual Based Model (IBM) developed by Politikos et al.  was applied to describe the dynamics of the North Aegean Sea anchovy stock. The fish model was coupled with a lower trophic level (LTL) hydrodynamic/ biogeochemical model , providing the zooplankton fields (mesozooplankton, microzooplankton) that are used as prey by the fish, as well as the temperature and ocean currents. In order to investigate the effect of the future climatic conditions on the N. Aegean anchovy stock, long-term climatic simulations (1980-2000, 2080-2100) were performed with the full-life cycle anchovy IBM coupled to the hydrodynamic/biogeochemical POM-ERSEM LTL model , under the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) A1B scenario (balance across all sources - A1B) for CO2 emissions. The climatic atmospheric forcing was obtained from the Institute Pierre-Simon Laplace (IPSL) IPSL-CM4 global climate model output .
Given the significant uncertainties of the climate projections, the climate simulations were repeated with an additional IPCC climatic forcing , showing a weaker warming signal (+1.2 oC) as compared to the IPSL-CM4 (+2.7 oC). The simulations mentioned above were performed adopting present river loads in order to isolate the climate effect. An additional simulation, using the IPSL-CM4 climate forcing was performed, implementing the baseline “Business as Usual” (BAU) future river loads scenario that assumes a decreased phosphate load following present trends. In all cases, the open boundary conditions for the hydrodynamics were obtained from Mediterranean basin scale model simulations, using the IPSL-CM4 and SINTEX-G climate forcing, over the same periods. The open boundary conditions for biogeochemical variables were obtained from a hindcast simulation multi-year average of the Mediterranean coupled POM-ERSEM model.
Results and Discussion
In the future climate (IPSL-CM4 global climate model output), the annual mean net heat flux is increased (average=+18W/ m2), particularly in the Eastern Mediterranean, resulting in a significant increase of sea surface temperature (+2.15 ºC, on average) and the decrease of vertical mixing Figure 1. Sea surface salinity (not shown) is slightly increased (+0.09 psu on average) due to the overall increase of evaporation-precipitation (E-P) flux.
Salinity changes are also related to the BSW pathway that appears to acquire a more western direction south of Limnos Island in the 2080-2100 simulation, rather than to the North Eastern Aegean Figure 2. This change in the BSW pathway is related to a reduced Levantine water inflow that results in a southward displacement of the thermohaline front Figure 2. This effect is part of a weakened thermohaline circulation, characterized by decreased Levantine water inflow and decreased southward export of deep N. Aegean waters due to the reduced dense water formation caused by the increased stratification particularly noticed in Skiros basin, which is a primary dense water formation site .
The mean integrated Chlorophyll a (Chl-a), mesozooplankton biomass and net primary production, along with mean Sea Surface Temperature (SST), Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) and mixed layer depth (MLD) over the present and future climate simulations are shown in Figures 3 and 4 respectively. Looking at the differences between the two simulations Figure 5 one can notice the significant increase of the SST (+2.5 C on average). The impact of the temperature increase on stratification (MLD) is mostly noticed in open sea areas, whereas the effect of the salinity increase (0.05 psu on average) due to decreasing river runoff and precipitation is predominant in coastal river influenced areas. Salinity changes are also related to the BSW pathway that appears to acquire a more western direction south of Limnos Island in the 2080-2100 simulation, rather than to the North Eastern Aegean Figure 1. This change in the BSW pathway is related to a reduced Levantine water inflow that results in a southward displacement of the thermohaline front Figure 1.
This effect is part of a weakened thermohaline circulation, characterised by decreased Levantine water inflow and decreased southward export of deep N. Aegean waters due to the reduced dense water formation caused by the increased stratification. The decreased export of deep nutrient rich N. Aegean waters (due to thermohaline circulation changes) , results in the slight enrichment of the nutrient pool (not shown), particularly in open sea areas, triggering a slight increase of net primary production Figure 5 despite the increasing stratification. Changes in net primary production (netPP) and plankton biomass around Limnos Island are related to changes in the BSW pathway, mentioned above. The reduction of plankton biomass and primary production in coastal areas, particularly in Thermaikos gulf, is related to the increased temperature, affecting the plankton metabolic rates (increased growth, respiration).
As shown in Figure 6, the N. Aegean anchovy stock is decreased by 15 % in the future climate simulation when the SINTEX-G climate forcing is used and considering a temperature increase of +1.2oC in the future. When the IPSL-CM4 climate forcing is used, with a temperature increase of +2.7oC, a severe decrease (- 80%) of the N. Aegean anchovy stock is observed (projections not shown). The anchovy biomass decrease is related to the zooplankton decrease in coastal areas and more importantly to the future temperature increase that affects the fish metabolic rates [Figure 5]. According to the bioenergetics model formulation [6,7], the temperature dependence of plankton consumption by anchovy is dome-shaped , i.e. it is maximized at an optimum temperature, whereas the respiration increases continuously with temperature Figure 7. The latter results in the decrease of net fish somatic growth at the increased water temperatures of the future. Consequently, egg production (that depends on fish weight) decreases, whereas the early life stages experience higher starvation mortalities at the warmer temperatures due to the increased energy needed to meet maintenance costs.
Although changes in the phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass exhibit a similar behavior to the Net Primary Production, they are affected more by the simulated temperature increase which has a direct influence on growth and respiration rates. The final result is a lower biomass, where a higher temperature increase results in a decreased phytoplankton biomass comparable to that due to decreased river loads. It is interesting to note that although the two mechanisms are very different, one acting on the physiology of the organism and the other on the bottom up control, both produce almost identical effects in terms of phytoplankton biomass. Moreover, in warmer conditions the average size of the organisms in a community would decrease as a consequence of the Temperature Size Rule (TSR) and because smaller organisms have lower absolute energy requirements the number of phytoplankton cells that can be sustained will be higher.
To gain a better understanding of the various factors affecting the anchovy stock in the future climate, the first three years of the simulations, using the IPSL-CM4 forcing, are shown in Figure 8. In order to examine the effect of eutrophication, related to river nutrient loads, another future climate simulation was performed, adopting the baseline “Business As Usual” (BAU) future river loads scenario that assumes a decreased phosphate load following present trends. It may be seen Figure 8 that the three simulations (present, future, future+river BAU) show very similar adult anchovy biomass, initially, after the first year’s recruitment (March 1980). For the remaining of the first year, the adult anchovy mean weight is decreased in the future climate simulations, resulting in reduced egg production, which is a function of the fish trophic status/weight. Consequently, the future climate simulations show reduced abundance in larvae and juvenile, which results in a decrease of the next year’s recruitment.
An additional reason for the decrease of the larvae/juveniles is related to the increase of starvation mortality during these stages Figures 8,9 dues to the increased energy needed to meet maintenance costs in the warmer temperatures. After the simulation of the first year, one may see that the mean adult weight is higher in the future climate simulations, which is associated to the relative increase of zooplankton Figure 10, due to the lower predation by the significantly reduced anchovy biomass. Therefore, it appears that the effect of reduced fish predation on the zooplankton is stronger than the effect from climate change and/or the reduced river nutrient loads on the zooplankton biomass.
The decrease in the anchovy stock is stronger in the future climate simulation with reduced river nutrient loads, as in this case there is also a stronger decrease of plankton productivity in river influenced areas, which is particularly reflected in the reduction of the adult biomass/weight, since the adult population is more confined in the coastal river influenced areas, while larvae are more spread in offshore waters. Therefore, the additional decrease in the anchovy stock in this simulation is mostly related to the reduced egg production due to the decrease in the adult weight. As shown in Figure 9, the two future climate simulations show similar starvation mortalities for larvae/ juveniles. Adaptation strategies to climate change in marine systems shows that there is ample evidence in the literature that shows that marine species are adapting to climate change through shifting distributions and timing of biological events, while evidence for adaptation through evolutionary processes is limited . The limits to plasticity in thermal tolerance with future warming of the seas are virtually unknown .
The decrease of the anchovy stock in the future climate Figure 6 may be attributed to the reduced zooplankton biomass in coastal river influenced areas Figure 5 that is stronger in the case of reduced river nutrient loads Figure 10 and to the effect of warmer temperatures on the anchovy metabolic rates.
The reduced anchovy growth affects
a) The egg production that is linked to fish weight
b) The starvation mortality of larvae/juveniles that affects recruitment.
In order to investigate the importance of the two processes, the fractional change of egg production is compared Figure 11, followed by the fractional change in the total number of larvae becoming juveniles and the total number of juveniles that are recruited to the adult biomass . The difference between the egg production change and the number of larvae becoming juveniles can be attributed to larvae starvation mortality, while the difference between the latter and the next year’s recruitment may be attributed to juvenile starvation mortality . It may be seen that the stronger relative change is found for the egg production, followed by the effect of juvenile starvation mortality that is increased in the future climate simulations. In the simulation with reduced river loads the effect of reduced egg production appears even stronger [26,27].
In this work, a set of linked models has been applied to predict changes in the abundance of the North Aegean anchovy stock using two climatic change scenarios. In the future climate simulation, a stronger decrease of the anchovy stock is found when river nutrient loads are reduced resulting in a decreased plankton productivity, which affects the adult anchovy biomass/ weight. This additional decrease in the anchovy stock, is mostly related to the reduced egg production due to the decrease in the adult weight. Both future climate simulations show similar starvation mortalities for larvae/juveniles. The increased temperature (+1.2oC till+2.7oC) in the future climate, results in a decrease in the anchovy stock from 15% to 80%, which is related to the zooplankton decrease and particularly to the effect of the temperature to the fish metabolic rate (increased respiration). In any case, it is evident that a temperature increase in the future climate change will significantly affect the anchovy stock with apparent negative effects in the socioeconomics of the fishery’s dependent coastal areas and communities. Developing tools that can describe the most important physical and biochemical processes that combined together determine the dynamics of the ecosystem is therefore essential to predict the effects of climate change in fish populations. Given the complexity of these processes and their interactions, mathematical models can be regarded as unique tools to deliver integrated approaches and better understand the resilience of marine aquatic organisms to climate warming.
The existence of numerical models may efficiently describe the ecosystem and the anchovy dynamics of the N. Aegean Sea, establishes the numerical basis for the development of a forecasting system capable of supporting coastal zone management issues. Such a system will use numerical models in conjunction with observational data and data assimilation techniques.
For more articles in Open Access Journal of Oceanography & Fisheries please click on: https://juniperpublishers.com/ofoaj/index.php
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Cork History | An Early History of the Lough
by Michael Lenihan
Photo courtesy of Michael Lenihan
The wonderful legend of the Lough was recorded by Crofton Croker in his book Fairy Legends and Traditions of the South of Ireland, in 1824, but earlier accounts exist concerning leases, fairs, fishing and amusement. In 1695 the Corporation of Cork ordered that Aldermen Wright, Rogers and a Mr. Champion examine some grounds adjoining the Lough with a view to valuing and renting it. It proved to be a troublesome issue for the Corporation because in October 1717 Mr. Will Masters was ordered to give up his lease at the Lough under threat of legal action. Eight years later the legal wrangling continued, and the sum of £7 18s was offered to Mr. Masters upon his surrendering the lease and the legal costs were fixed at 30s. By 1727 trespassing had become a vexatious issue and representatives of the Corporation were sent to the Lough in order to issue a report and threaten the offenders. A Decree was issued stating that “All black cattle that stood on or about this land, in order to cool for slaughtering shall pay one penny for every head and a halfpenny for every pig or sheep.”
The contentious issue of people digging up the ground and carrying away enormous amounts of soil occupied the corporation for many more years. Even members of the established church had their eyes on this important piece of land. In 1770 Dean Chinnery had built a wall and taken in ground that was not belonging to him and he was forced to take a lease on this particular plot of land.
The issue of having two fairs near the Lough was investigated as early as 1733. In later years it was recommended that three fairs be held which would generate much needed revenue for the city. By 1743 it was discovered that the Lough had been totally over fished by the overuse of fishing nets. In order to conserve the remaining fish stocks, it was ordered that “no person shall fish with any net or nets in said Lough.”
Photo courtesy of Irish Examiner
The Lough was not just a place of commerce, but it was for amusement as well. When the Lough froze there was no place to equal it for sport in Cork. On 2 January 1767 the frost had become so severe that the Lough froze solid and skating became a popular pastime. The cold became so severe that many poor tradesmen could not work and because they had nothing better to do, went to the Lough and amused themselves by skating. After two weeks the roads became impassable as the snow was seven or eight feet deep in parts. A century later there were many newspaper accounts of skating on the Lough including some near tragedies when the ice broke, and the skaters were hurled into the frozen lake. Because of the seasonal nature of the sport there were many injuries, such as broken limbs and severe bruising. This was the order of the day and many of the local hospitals had more than their fair share of ice casualties. The Lough continues to be a safe haven for people to walk.to this day. It is an important nature sanctuary for animals, birds, fish and a tranquil oasis not far from the hustle and bustle of the city centre.
Guess I'll put this here since the person who came into my inbox with their fists up blocked me immediately when I said I wouldn't take criticisms of an exposé on the fishing industry (Seaspiracy) seriously coming from someone in the mass fishing industry, but this
This claim is a misinterpretation of a now-dated research paper. Its authors had suggested that by 2048, all the world’s exploited fish populations would be so depleted by fishing that they would yield less than 10 percent of their historically highest catches. There are thousands of such fish populations throughout the world, which can be considered to have “collapsed,” but they are not gone, and they can recover. In fact, this is what current fisheries management in countries such as the US, which emphasizes stock rebuilding, is often about.
is not debunking *anything*, and that "dated" study is from 2006. Like.. nothing here is even suggesting the study is wrong, they're just expecting us to believe the industry that's caused this problem is going to fix it? Also, this part?
Nowadays, about 80 percent of plastic in the oceans comes from what we throw away on land: soda bottles, food packaging, tires, and so forth, while 20 percent comes from marine sources. Abandoned fishing nets — also known as “ghost nets” — are a real source of marine debris. But, it’s problematic that the filmmakers characterize attempts to reduce land-based ocean plastic pollution as trivial. They are not.
(emphasis mine) This is literally the opposite of what the source linked in the article claims! You know where "80 percent" is hyperlinked? This is from the abstract
Land- and ocean-based sources are the major sources of plastic entering the environment, with domestic, industrial and fishing activities being the most important contributors.
Sorry but this vox article from someone with a vested interest in maintaining this industry is hilariously bad even by vox standards and you are a coward for blocking me for pointing that out
There was more but 🤷♀️ blocking someone ends the conversation
Edit: apparently the study says otherwise in the paywalled section, but he chose an older paywalled study from 2016 over a new study from 2019 that estimates ocean waste from fishing to make up 75-86% of macroplastic, so he's still chosen a study that supports his pro fishing industry claim over a newer one that challenges if not disproves it lmao
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bau as acnh players
this is 100% self indulgent and niche, i know but i have brain worms and exactly two ppl egged me on so here we go
she'd go after the sisterly and normal villagers, and she'd have flowers growing Everywhere
she'd group the villagers houses close together bc neighbors 🥺💞
she'd buy and design So Many outfits... literally all her storage would be clothing and she'd change her clothes every time she logged on and always carries umbrellas when it rains
if she didn't like a villagers houses, she'd slowly gift them new decor until it was up to her standards
talks to sable every day! (sometimes more)
she loves all the villagers🥺🥺 she'd never hit them with nets🥺🥺 (except for *redacted*)
emily will get her dreamies no matter the cost. hitting with nets, gifting trash, not returning lost items... she is Particular and only Certain villagers are allowed on her property
time travels out the ass bc patience is overrated
favorite part is shell collecting and fossil digging, doesn't bother with catching fish (Not bc she's bad at it 😤😠)
has like two outfits she cycles between
likes helping gulliver bc its kinda like shells and fossil digging in one! ignores gullivarrr bc it's like worse fishing (NOT bc she's Bad at It 😤😤😠😠)
(she's bad at it 🤭)
doesn't time travel he's a purist 😇
always lets the next villager that wants to move in or out do so, he's very accommodating. penelope and emily know to visit his island to snatch up his leaving villagers if they want them
he's the type to get into the ethics of fishing for/selling/having pet hamsters, frogs, octopi... when those animals are also villager options.... emily and derek are begging him to stop... 😖🙏🏻
although he doesnt rly buy many clothes, he found a few sweater vests and cardigans that look like things he Actually Owns so he likes to wear those
he is incredibly frustrated by the lack of customizable bookcases but settles for the library wallpaper 😤😤
can tell which art pieces that redd sells are fake immediately without the guide and helps the others 😏
thought he'd like the jock villagers most but he actually rly likes the sisterly ones! 🥺🥺
makes fun of the crafting function... yet has 1000 of all materials ready to go in storage and will craft anything for anyone immediately 🛠️
calls spencer 'blathers' and yes it's incredibly cute 🥺🥺
likes fishing (he helps emily fill out her museum) 🎣
chopping trees, creating orchards, and landscaping are his specialty, perfectly placed, spaced, and organized (he has all the tree/fruit varieties 😌💅)
doesn't time jump, and he doesn't log in every day, so sometimes he'll log in and have missed an event but he's one of the sane ones whos like 'its just a game its okay'
still lives in a one room house 😕
hoards bells and miles and for What
he buys stuff for the others if it shows up at his nook cranny and he knows they've been looking for it 🥺
also hoards materials like derek and they do trades when needed
an absolute God at the turnip stocks- the others literally place bets on his profit percentages 💰
hates CJ and will actively log off if he sees him.
only gives gifts to his villagers on their birthdays and only accepts trades he deems profitable, but that being said he always helps them make up from fights and makes sure to return lost items
the running joke is that he has a thing for isabelle and at this point the joke is cemented into everyone's fundamental Hotch Knowledge 😳😳
Apples and coconuts are her trees of choice and doesnt bother to plant the other kinds
all her villagers have a little rose garden she builds for them 🥺🌹🌹
she Loves the nook twins and are glad they took over the shop from tom
also loves/sees herself in isabelle
which makes the hotch joke a lil awkward but anyway 😳😧
im so sorry but she picks the Most Boring clothes possible... like, blue cardigan with grey jeans and mary janes or something 🤭
a Goddess at catching wasps, spiders, and scorpions 😱🕷️🐝
her island is so neatly set up for peak efficiency- flowers here, pond here, trees here, shops here....
always talks to sable when she goes into the shop and always aces labelle's fashion challenges
hates how often tools break 😤- derek will send her them in bulk supply so she can just store them to grab and go when the break
gives herself a set time to play and get her daily tasks done so she doesnt sink into a neverending animal crossing hole
only wears her own (or penelope's 🥺) custom designs 😎
"animal crossing? you mean those bridges they build over highways so deer don't get hit?"
watched penelope and derek play together a bit and that is all of his experience
clicked one button and managed to hit one of penelope's villagers with her net
she still hasn't recovered 😟
gideon tapped out after that 💀
46 notes · View notes
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