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This honorific marker should be added to verbs when speaking with someone who deserves respect i.e. parents, people older than you, teachers, doctors… When talking about yourself you don’t use this form! 
(The infinitive form of ~(으)시 is ~(으)시 + 어 = ~(으)셔) 

Present tense:

(Remember 다 is dropped from the dictionary form of the verb)

Verb stem ending with a consonant + 으세요
Verb stem ending with a vowel + 세요 

앉 + 으세요 = 앉으세요 - To sit 
읽 + 으세요 = 읽으세요 - To read
가 + 세요 = 가세요 - To go 
오 + 세요 = 오세요 - To come
이 + 세요 = 이세요 - To be (이다) 

(note this isn’t the case for all verbs as there are some regular ones too!)

ㄷ Irregular:
Just like polite present tense conjugation (아/어/해요), some verbs have their final ㄷ dropped and replaced with ㄹ

  • 듣다 - To listen
    The final ㄷ is dropped and replaced with ㄹ + 으세요 =
  • 걷다 - To walk 
    The final ㄷ is dropped and replaced with ㄹ + 으세요 =

ㄹ Irregular: 
The final consonant ㄹ is dropped 

  • 살다 - To live 
    Remove the final ㄹ + 세요 (since the verb now ends with the vowel ㅏ) =
  • 알다 - To know 
    Remove the final ㄹ + 세요 (since the verb now ends with the vowel ㅏ) =
  • 열다 - To open 
    Remove the final ㄹ + 세요 (since the verb now ends with the vowel ㅕ) =

ㅂ Irregular: 
If ㅂ is followed by a vowel, the ㅂ is dropped and 우 is added

  • 덥다 - To be hot 
    Remove the ㅂ and add 우 + 세요 = 
  • 무섭다 - To be scary
    Remove the ㅂ and add 우 + 세요 = 

ㅅ Irregular: 
Just like polite present tense conjugation (아/어/해요), the ㅅ is dropped but the vowels are not contracted (example below), therefore even if the final character is a vowel 으세요 should be added

  • 낫다 - 나아요 (Present tense) - To get better 
    Drop the final ㅅ + 으세요 =
  • 붓다 - 부어요 (Present tense) - To swell/pour
    Drop the final ㅅ + 으세요 =

진짜 오랜만이에요! 보고 싶었어요🌷


Originally posted by shiruki

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Hi there! Today we’re going to start easy with a verb ending and we’ll end with the ㄷ-irregularity. You got this!

Lesson 25

The verb ending -네요 is used to express impression, surprise or personal thoughts. 


  • 크다 = to be big
  • 커요 = it is big (fact, present tense)
  • 크네요 = it is big (you’re surprised by the size)
  • 맞다 = to be correct
  • 맞아요 = it is correct (fact, present tense)
  • 맞네요 = it is correct (you’re surprised that it is correct)

Pretty easy right? Let’s continue with the next lesson. 

Lesson 26

The ㄷ-irregularity is not extremely hard, so do not worry. The ㄷ changes into a ㄹ when followed by a vowel. 


  • 듣다 becomes 들어요 (present tense)
  • 걷다 becomes 걸어서 (”because”)
  • 싣다 becomes 실을 거예요 (future tense)

Just like every irregularity, there are some exceptions. The ㄷ does not change into a ㄹ when followed by a vowel:

  • 받다 = to receive
  • 닫다 = to close
  • 믿다 = to believe

Now there’s two special verbs in this irregularity:

  • 묻다 = to bury
  • 묻다 = to ask
  • They’re exactly the same but the irregularity is what makes them different:
  • 묻어요 = I bury
  • 물어요 = I ask
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By the way… There’s no point in talking louder to ppl who don’t speak your language natively.

They’ve probably heard you very well, they just can’t make sense of what they heard.


Use PROPER GRAMMAR, but easy vocabularies.

Repeat the whole sentence when they didn’t understand you the first time.

Don’t get angry at them, they know, believe me.

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hey so, first of all, as i said before i haven’t had my adhd diagnosis yet so, yea umm the thing is, when i was a child i used to get really bored in classes so i drew on every paper i had near, and i think, i remember having some problems with hearing what the teacher was saying, anyway, uhh i didn’t have that many problems with my grades, i was quite a good student but then i turned 13, and like, i just got so bored, but so so bored that i began to sleep in every class, even if i was doing something with my hands like, in art. So, now I’m seventeen and let me tell you that, with all of this online classes is even worse cause besides making me sleepy/bored af, i kind of don’t feel the need to do homework, but i know i gotta do it, but still, my self-discilpline sucks and i guess you already understood that i’m not doing good, but oh well, aaa i think i just forgot why i was writing this in the first place uhhh ummm sooo, i was wondering if some people here, adhd people, would like to tell me if this is a thing in adhd, or not, or if you have the same problem as me let me know, please, this will help me know what to say when i get my sessions with a professional (the last one resigned like, a month ago haha) uuuu yea, so, that´s it, thanks for reading :)

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Yesterday was such a busy day! Here’s what I did:

- taught 2 classes

- did my descriptive grammar seminar

- finished my assignment

- did my reading for my discourse analysis seminar

- read one chapter for my descriptive grammar seminar next week

I am not normally this productive but I couldn’t sleep so just kept working. I’ve had a lazy morning today to make up for it though. Life is all about finding the balance!

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Hello! This is admin Do. Today I’m going to talk about ‘여’ 불규칙 활용. (In literal translation, ‘‘여’ 불규칙 활용’ means ‘여’ irregular conjugation)

Conjugation of 하다(to do) 

There are many 어미(ending) that start with 아/어, like ‘-아/어’ and ‘아서/어서’. For most of the verbs, ‘-아/어’ part stays the same. However, when ‘하-’ and ‘-아’ are combined, it is not transformed into ‘하아’ but ‘하여’.

That’s because of ‘여’ 불규칙 활용. It means the use of 어미(ending) ’-아’ turns into 어미(ending) ’-여’. ‘하다’ and All verbs and adjectives with suffix ’-하다’ are used irregularly.

By the way, if you’re curious about all Verbs and Adjectives the suffix ‘-하다’, I recommend you read the post Vocabulary List(By admin Yu, Vocabulary - Verbs). :)

‘하다’ has no form change when combined with 어미(ending) like  ‘-게, -고, -지’ ( ‘하게, 하고, 하지’ ) which begin with a consonant. But when combined with 어미(ending) like ‘-아’ which begins with a vowel, changes occur. (Just a quick tip, we don’t count ‘ㅇ’ that comes at the very first of a syllable as a consonant since it doesn’t withhold any sound value!)


  • 하아 (x) -> 하여 (o)
  • 하아라 (x) -> 하여라 (o)
  • 하아서 (x) -> 하여서 (o)
  • 하았다 (x) -> 하였다 (o) (The ‘-았-’ signifying the past tense changes to ‘-였-’.)


  • 일하았다 (x) -> 일하였다 (o)
  • 정직하았다 (x) -> 정직하였다 (o)

These words below can be abbreviated by combining 어간(stem) and 어미(ending). Both shortened and not shortened are grammatically correct.

  • 하여 -> 해
  • 하여라 -> 해라
  • 하여서 -> 해서
  • 하였다 -> 했다

Written by Admin Do

Edited and revised by Admin Yu 

Reference: 두산백과, 표준국어대사전

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I’m over here trying to speed write a research paper draft and the fucking computer can’t decide if “were” or “where” is the proper word when they’re two completely different words by definition.

Were - past tense of “be”

Where - a fucking place

“If a public-run prison were to start…” is proper


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