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TAFAKKUR: Part 143

The Customized Temperature Regulator

Thermostats are devices that keep temperature at the desired level. They are used in refrigerators, dishwashers, electric ovens, water heaters, washing machines, and central heating. Without a properly functioning thermostat, the devices or machines are likely to break down.

Did you know that there is also a thermostat in our body that comes with a lifelong guarantee? How about the fact that each is customized for each body? The thermostat in our body is so durable and dependable that it continues to regulate our body temperature for a life time, through illness and health, and good and bad weather.

Hypothermia and hyperthermia

When you are alive and kicking, your thermostat works within a temperature range of one degree (36.5 °C–37.5 °C). If your body temperature taken in your mouth is above or below this range, it means that your body is signaling certain problems. Temperatures below 35°C lead to hypothermia, while those above 39°C cause an opposite problem called hyperthermia.

Hypothermia is a drop in body temperature, generally due to such factors as rain, wind, snow, or cold water. Prolonged hypothermia first causes shivering and blackout, then death. People who fall into water in shipwrecks die more of hypothermia than of drowning.

Hyperthermia, on the other hand, is a condition in which the body temperature rises to high levels because of factors such as inflammatory diseases and prolonged exposure to sunlight. If it continues for long, hyperthermia causes fatigue, dizziness, nausea and problems in blood pressure. It may lead to seizures or death, especially in children, unless immediate aid is provided.

Where is our thermostat?

Whether you inhabit Siberian taigas or African deserts, your body temperature is kept within the normal range. Our thermostat, called the thermoregulation center, takes up a small place in the hypothalamus of our brain. Assigned the task of balancing our body temperature, the center activates the system to decrease the temperature when it rises and to increase it when it drops. The center is composed of two parts, one in the front of the hypothalamus and the other in the middle. The former is in charge of decreasing our temperature, while the latter of increasing it.

It is the receptors beneath our skin that activate the center. The receptors have two types of heat sensors, one for warmth and the other for cold. A change in temperature, even in an extremity like the toes, is immediately reported to the center, which switches the system on. If the body temperature needs to fall, then the perspiration mechanism is switched on. To do this, the temperature inside the body is first transferred to the skin. The most important process at this point is the expansion of blood vessels, which induces a heat transfer. If the body temperature needs to be raised, the vessels are contracted and shivering is induced.

Adjusted for all conditions

Our thermostat is programmed to make maximum use of our body temperature and make adjustments depending on our age, whether we are asleep, hungry, ill, and according to weather. The required amount of energy is different for babies, children, teenagers, and the elderly. The human body needs energy less during sleep and more during an illness.

No one’s body temperature remains at the same level at all times. Our body temperature is unique to us, just like our fingerprints, and it can be measured through precise measurements. The factors that affect our body temperature may be as diverse as what we eat, what we do, what we wear, our mood, our hormones, and the environment. The increase in an adult’s body temperature due to activity is less than that of babies and children.

Our body has a temperature cycle which changes throughout the day. When we wake up in the morning, for example, our body temperature is 0.5 degrees lower than it is during the day. It is at its lowest in the second half of the night. It is highest between 16:00-18:00. We have greater heat exchange in cold weather than in hot weather. The heat regulation center adjusts temperature in response to all these changes, and thus saves energy.

Our temperature changes according to our gender, too. Body temperatures obtained from mouth measurements have shown that they may change by ±1.4 degrees in women and by ±1.2 in men. Hormones also play a role in this difference. For example, women have unique body temperatures during their period and pregnancy.

The temperature of the organs

Some parts of our body and some of our organs require different temperatures. The warmest organs are at the inside: the liver is 41.3 degrees on average, for example. Our skin is 33 degrees, and the parts near the skin have relatively lower temperatures. The temperature of the inside of our mouth, for example, is lower than that of our skin. The temperatures in the armpit and in the ears are likewise different. The thermoregulation center also has an impact on the rates of the chemical reactions taking place at the cellular level, as it keeps every one of the organs working at optimum temperatures.

There is incredible wisdom in how our body is heated (or not). Body parts that interact with the outside world have lower temperatures. One of the advantages of this is that it maintains optimum energy consumption. The higher the temperature difference between two objects, the easier the heat exchange. If our skin were as warm as our average temperature, i.e. 37°C, we would lose more heat at higher rates.

Furthermore, our eyes are granted a very special mechanism. The eyes, almost 90% of which are water and whose surface must be kept moist, are in constant contact with the outside world. However, the eyes of people who live in cold climates, where the temperature can reach -50°C, do not freeze because the eyes are placed in a protective shelter and wrapped in muscles, lipid layers, and eyelids. What’s more, capillaries, which are extensions of the ophthalmic arteries that encircle the eyes like a web, carry warm blood to the eyes regularly. Additionally, the fact that tears are salty lowers their freezing point.

Temperature balance in other living things

Animals also have body temperatures ideally programmed for their functions. The hedgehog, for example, has a body temperature of 36°C, but it is dropped to 6°C during hibernation. The body temperatures of most mammals are kept at about 37°C.

Animals are similarly endowed with systems of temperature cycles as required by the climatic and environmental conditions in which they live. For example, the body temperature of the oryx, an African antelope, can rise to 45°C when it is on the run. It can withstand such a deadly temperature thanks to the perfect system that protects its brain. The oryx has a peculiar network of vessels at the lower side of the brain which decreases the body temperature due to heat loss caused by evaporation. The carotid artery separates into smaller veins in the sinus cavity before it carries the blood to the brain, which causes the blood to lose heat. When the blood reaches the brain, it is already cool enough for the brain to function properly.

The creation of such systems certainly are miraculous, and yet we never think about them. All of our needs are met without our knowing about it.

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DAILY DUA

Dua and remembrance to be said at any time #18

اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي خَطِيئَتِي وَجَهْلِي، وَإِسْرَافِي فِي أَمْرِي، وَمَا أَنْتَ أَعْلَمُ بِهِ مِنِّي.


اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي هَزْلِي وَجِدِّي وَخَطَايَايَ وَعَمْدِي، وَكُلُّ ذَلِكَ عِنْدِي

Translation

O Allah, forgive my sin, my ignorance, my excessiveness in my affairs, and whatever You are better aware (of my affairs) than myself.


O Allah, grant me forgiveness [of the faults which I committed] jestingly or in earnest, and which I committed inadvertently and deliberately; and indeed, all of these [failings] are in me.

Transliteration

Allaahumma-ghfir lee khaṭee’a-tee wa jah-lee, wa israafee fee amree, wa maa anta a‛lamu bi-hi min-nee.


Allaahumma-ghfir lee hazlee wa jid-dee wa khaṭaa-yaai wa ‛amdee, wa kul-la dhaalika ‛indee

Sources: Bukhari No# 6398, 6399

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Además, tal como la civilización de hoy está derrotada ante la sabiduría del milagroso Corán con respecto a la sabiduría y a las acciones, lo mismo aplica a la literatura y a la retórica. 

La comparación de la literatura y la retórica de la civilización y del Corán es como el dolor oscuro y la queja desesperanzada de un huérfano sin madre y la canción baja y tumultuosa de un borracho, y la pena anhelante y esperanzada de un amante elevado que surge de una separación temporaria y las canciones patrióticas exhortando a la victoria o a la guerra o al sacrificio. Porque en relación a los efectos de sus estilos, la literatura y la retórica producen ya sea pena o felicidad. Y la tristeza es de dos tipos. 

Es ya sea una pena oscura que surge de la falta de amigos, es decir, no tener amigos ni dueño, que es la pena producida por la literatura de la civilización, que está manchada por el desvío, enamorada de la naturaleza, contaminada con descuido, o es la segunda pena. Esta surge de la separación de los amigos, es decir, los amigos existen, pero su separación provoca un pesar anhelante. 

Es la pena que da la guía y que esparce la luz que el Corán produce. La felicidad también es de dos tipos. Uno estimula los deseos del alma maligna. Es la marca de la literatura de la civilización en los campos del teatro, el cine y las novelas. 

Mientras que la otra felicidad silencia al alma maligna, y es sutil y cortés, incitando inocentemente al espíritu, al corazón, a la mente y a las facultades sutiles para alcanzar asuntos sublimes, hacia su hogar original y morada eterna, y sus compañeros del Más Allá; es la felicidad que produce el Corán de Milagrosa Exposición. Llena al ser humano con entusiasmo por el Paraíso y la felicidad eterna y la visión de la belleza de Allah.

Así, el significado vasto y la verdad poderosa que la aleya:

قُلْ لَئِنِ اجْتَمَعَتِ الْاِنْسُ وَالْجِنُّ ﱭ اَنْ يَأْتُوا بِمِثْلِ هٰذَا الْقُرْاٰنِ لَا يَأْتُونَ بِمِثْلِه۪

وَلَوْ كَانَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ ظَه۪ـيرﭲا

expresa, aquellos de inteligencia escasa creen que es una suposición imposible con los objetivos de decir una obra exagerada de elocuencia. ¡Allah no lo permita! No es una exageración, ni es una suposición imposible; es una obra de la retórica absolutamente veraz, posible y real.

Un aspecto de ser de esta forma es este: si todas las palabras delicadas de los seres humanos y de los genios que no surgen del Corán y no pertenecen a él se unieran, no podrían imitar al Corán. Y no han podido imitarlo, porque no han podido demostrar que han podido. 

El segundo aspecto es este: la civilización, y la ciencia y la filosofía y la literatura europea, que son los productos del pensamiento y de los esfuerzos de la humanidad y los genios e incluso los demonios, permanecen en los pozos de la impotencia ante los decretos, la sabiduría y la elocuencia del Corán. Tal como mostramos en los ejemplos.

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If I wore a hijab and abayah, would it be cultural appropriation? I am an Indian who was in Saudi Arabia my whole childhood, and I also have Syrian ancestry from my paternal side, who were Syrian immigrants. So have I been appropriating Arab culture?

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FIRST ILLUSTRATION: Take for instance that a well has been dug underneath the ground. There are two ways of pouring waters in it, one way through pipe or canal and another way is to dig the well very deep, so that water may gush forth from its bottom. The second mode is better as water obtained in this way is more pure and lasting. Similarly soul is like a well, knowledge is like water and the five senses are like pipes or canals. Knowledge like water comes to the soul through the help of five organs like pipes or canals. If you wish to get pure knowledge, you shall have to shut up the five senses as you shut up the pipes or canals to get pure water into the well and dig it very deep so that pure water may gush forth from the bottom. The filth in the bottom of well must be cleared to allow pure water to gush forth from the bottom. So also in order to get pure and unadulterated knowledge, you shall have to shut up knowledge gained by the five senses because such knowledge is full of harasses, superstitions and errors.

Question. How can knowledge come out of soul when it remains without knowledge? Answer. These matters are the wonderful actions of soul. It is difficult to get them from the worldly learnings. It may however be mentioned that real condition of everything was recorded in Lauhe Mahfuz or Guarded Tablet. That was recorded also in the souls of angels who are near God. As an architect prepares a plan before building a house and then builds it according to his plan, so also the Creator recorded His plan in the Guarded Tablet of everything of His reaction in the heavens and earth from first to last. Thereafter He takes out everything according to that prepared plan. There are four stages of this material world-

(1) its existence in the Guarded Tablet before creation of the world; 

(2) this material world comes into being according to this plan, 

(3) the world of ideas follows this material world, and 

(4) the world of intellect follows this world of ideas, that is its pictures fall in human soul. 

Some worlds are material and some immaterial. In the immaterial worlds also, one is more spiritual than another. These are strategy of God. Look at the eye-ball. Though it is small, the pictures of the heavens and the earth fall in it. Then it comes within ideas and then it falls in soul. Man does not take cognisance of it till it reaches the soul. Praise be to God who created wonderful power in soul and eyes and He also made soul and eyes of some blind.

So pictures of the world fall in soul sometimes by the help of five senses and sometimes by the help of the Guarded Tablet as picture of the sun falls in eyes. Again picture of the sun falls in water as it falls in eyes. When obstacles are removed from between soul and Guarded Tablet, soul can see many things and thus knowledge arises therefrom. Then no help of senses necessary for such knowledge. It is just like the gushing forth of water from the deep bottom of a well.

TWO DOORS OF SOUL: One door of soul is open towards the spiritual world which is the world of angels and the Guarded Tablet. Another door of soul is open towards the five senses and it is connected with the material world. The former door open to the spiritual world can be better understood from dreams in which one can see some matters of future and past events. One can tell them without the necessity of knowledge gained form his five senses. That door is. open to one who remains engaged in solitude in remembrance of God. 

The Prophet said: the dwellers of solitude have preceded. He was asked: Prophet of God, who are the dwellers of solitude? He said: Those who have been made pure by the remembrance of God, those whose burdens have been taken down by the remembrance of God and those who will come on the Resurrection Day free of burdens. Then he described their virtues and read these words of God: I kept My face in their front. Do you know in whose front I have kept My face? Does anybody know what I will give them? Then God says: First I throw light in their souls. As a result, they broadcast the news they get from Me.

There is difference in the knowledge of the prophets and friends of God and the knowledge of the learned and the scientists. Knowledge of the prophets and the friends of God come out of that gate of souls which remains open towards the spiritual world, and the knowledge of the learned and the come out of that gate of souls which remains open towards the spiritual world, and the knowledge of the learned and the scientists comes which remains open towards the spiritual world, and the knowledge of the learned and the scientists comes out of that gate of souls which remains open to the material world through the help of five senses. So it is impossible for the latter to acquire spiritual knowledge. This illustration will make one to understand the difference between the two work.

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