i want to start learning korean, but unfortunately i'm quite busy and don't have a long attention span, along with some adhd things.
i've tried learning it before but i usually gave up in a week or so.
do you have any advice on how to learn a language despite being busy and how yo stick to it?
Thank you for telling me that you have ADHD and a short attention span. It helps me a lot.
So *cracks knuckles*, this will be a long reply.
With Korean you need to learn the writing system first and for that, i have some suggestions. You can do it all in 1 day or divide the steps for 1 week.
Learn with something like Duolingo, memories, Quizlet etc the characters. Once that's done, get some paper and write each character for 1 row.
I suggest to revise for the next 2-3 days and you can do it as a game like match the character with the pronunciation.
Next step is recognizing these characters. I suggest getting some kpop song you like and get the lyrics. Pause the screen and read. Then listen to what the singers say.
Alternatively: get a story. Beelinguapp provides audios with the stories and the pace is slower so it's much better for beginners.
Once you feel comfortable with that speed, go to songs again and try to read without pausing the video. It will be challenging at first.
You can do these whenever you're bored, not necessarily in the first week or month of your studies but these methods are pretty good for fast learning of 한글.
Now, once you know how to read and write, we can get into the more difficult tasks.
Let's have 3 categories for now: grammar, vocabulary and culture. All 3 are essential to one's language studies.
Quick methods for each one of them, starting with grammar:
Get an app or a book that teaches you grammar. I suggest lingodeer for apps BUT my favorite resource is actually Korean Grammar in use for beginners. (It's a series so you also have Korean grammar in use for intermediate and Korean grammar in use for advanced)
5 minutes per day. The reason why i love these books is because their explanations are very short and if you give 5-10min daily to Korean, you can learn daily 1 lesson.
I suggest using this structure for your notes:
(title: Present tense/past tense/이/가 particle etc; write in pen this
(write the formula, example: verb stem+ 아요/어요); highlight this
(uses of the grammar concept); write this in a pen and highlight the key words
(examples from the book); write in a pencil this
If you want, you can also add some personal examples or solve some exercises from the book.
Side note, the color system is optional but that system helps me a lot so i thought of mentioning it.
You can make question cards, flashcards maybe? And use those to revise or
You can write down your own version of exercises to solve as a way of revising.
Do these as often as you think you need practice. In the beginning Korean is easy to grasp so you won't have to do this too many times.
Another method worth mentioning is writing from memory the rules of a grammar rule.
Duolingo, lingodeer, Anki, Quizlet, drops etc all these can teach you some vocabulary in a short amount of time. Drops is designed to give you 5min per day so perhaps try that one in the beginning?
Look around you, choose 1 thing and learn the word for that thing.
Write 1 sentence in a notebook. You have to look up the words this way so you'll learn them over time. Go for easy sentences like "i eat breakfast", "i wake up", "i study". Make the sentences longer as you become more confident.
Open a dictionary randomly and try to make sentences with that word. Again, keep it basic. I suggest this because you can use the present tense for most sentences and you learn 1 verb along with whatever word you get. "The hand hurts","i sprained the leg", "i use the fork" etc. All you need to know for these sentences is the verb, the present tense, a noun and 1 particle. (The "i" can be ignored in Korean)
You could get books where you read and you have a list of words provided. Tuttle has a book with short stories in Korean. (you can find a pdf) the stories don't take more than 5min to read.
For culture: anything. Reading articles, reading books, asking me to ramble about my past Korean classes, kpop songs, idioms' history, food, anything counts here.
I also suggest you to keep a diary, yes, as a beginner. Avoid caging yourself with the idea of "idk". You can write short sentences like i wake up, i eat at 8, i go to school/work at 10 etc. You learn by using the language.
Another suggestion is listening to music and seeing the lyrics. The translation is optional but the lyrics are essential because it can help you a lot.
Some things to mention: HiNative is good when you have questions for the natives and Forvo is great when you need recordings of certain words pronounced by natives. 50languages has 100 audios with all the basic words you need so you know the right pronunciation. Papago is a good dictionary for Korean, use that.
If you need reading material, naver has many comics for free.
Last thing, focus on your confidence and consistency in the beginning. If all you do is 1 lesson on Duolingo to practice the word for mother, that's good. You don't have to be advanced in 1 week. You need to enjoy your studies so make sure they're something you look forward to or at least accomplish daily.
anon asked: I just finished reading your most recent blog and im just confused about something. you give us the translation for boda and bo-eda but why do I sometimes see a different verb beside boda? like meokeoboda? Sorry about the romanization, i dont have a korean keyboard on my phone
Hey! It’s not a problem! If you need help figuring out how to add a keyboard to your phone, it’s simpler than you think! Just go the “keyboard” function in your settings then press “add new keyboard” you should see “Korean” or 한국어.
As for your question, I’m going to assume you’re talking about 어/아/여 보다! If I’m not assuming correctly, then please send me another pm or comment on this blog! Hopefully my assumption is correct though!
Conjugate the stem, then add 보다. Not much else to it!
If we attach ~(으)시다 to the grammar point, then we make it a more formal imperative. But if you use intimate style (반말) with your friends, then conjugating 보다 regularly is fine. Here are some formal examples:
치마를 입어 보세요 - Try the skirt on
잘 생각해 보세요 - think about it well
식혜를 마셔 보세요 - try sikhye (Korean rice drink)
Sometimes my Korean friends have a hard time saying something in English, and I have a hard time understanding. Usually when this happens, I say, “한국말로 해 봐” which literally just means, “say it in Korean”. If you’re someone who finds it a bit easier to speak informally (like most learners, lol), then here are some other sentences you can use:
When NCT drops another bop and you’re desperate to share it with your friend, say: 잘 들어 봐 - listen well
When your friend is talking too fast in Korean and you can’t keep up, say: 야. 천천히 말해 봐 - yo, speak slower
When your friend has a big test coming up and you wanna support them, say: 공부 열심히 해 봐! 파이팅 - study hard! fighting
V ~ 어/아/여 보다 + 과거 = 어/아/여 봤어요; have tried (experience; 경험)
Here’s where it get’s interesting! If you conjugate 보다 in the past tense when attached to a verb, it talks about past experience. However, this is a very specific example that has happened in the past (usually a distant past, not one that happened recently). Here are some examples:
한국에 가 봤어요 - I’ve been to Korea
감자탕 먹어 봤어요 - I’ve tried gamjatang (Pork Bone Stew)
어렸을 때 미국에 살아 봤어요 - I lived in the US when I was young
If you want to ask someone if they’ve ever done something, or tried something, then just add a question mark!
감자탕 먹어 봤어요? - have you ever tried gamjatang?
노래방에 가 봤어요? - have you ever been to karaoke?
스키 타 봤어요? - have you ever been skiing?
If you want to say that you haven’t done the thing that they’re asking, then add 안 before the main verb. EX. 아니요. 감자탕 “안” 먹어 봤어요 - No. I haven’t tried gamjatang. You can also use “못” instead of “안”. I have used both in the same context and it means the same thing!
V ~ (보다) + (으)ㄴ 적(이) 있다/없다 = have done V / haven’t done V (experience; 경험)
Another way to express experience in the past with / without 보다 is (으)ㄴ 적(이) 있다/없다. 적 is a dependent noun related to time! Here are some examples:
떡볶이 먹은 적이 있어요 - I’ve eaten tteokbokki (Korean spicy rice cake)
서울에 산* 적이 없어요 - I have never lived in Seoul!
소주 마셔 본 적이 있어요 - I’ve tried soju
한복 입어 본 적이 없어요 - I haven’t tried wearing a Hanbok!
*살다 (to live) is an irregular ㄹ verb, therefore ㄹ acts as a vowel/is omitted in most grammatical instances. Other irregular ㄹ verbs you may know: 만들다 (to make), 알다 (to know), 울다 (to cry), 열다 (to open), 팔다 (to sell), many more!
When saying that you’ve watched something, or haven’t while using 보다 in the sense of “to see”, you wouldn’t say 봐 봤어요 or 봐 본 적--, it’s just grammatically incorrect and honestly, unnatural sounding. You would just say 본 적 or 봤어요. The Korean person you’re talking to will understand the context instantly. Here are some examples to illustrate this:
영화 기생충 봤어요(?) - Have you seen/I have seen “Parasite”(?)
드라마 알랑말랑 본 적이 있어요 - I’ve watched the drama “알랑말랑”
Hope that answers your question! I would say this grammar point is maybe A2-B1! Pretty easy and once you get it, you’ll start to understand some more intermediate sentences a lot better! If you’re still confused, or, again, I assumed wrong, then don’t hesitate to send me another message/pm! I’ll help you right away!
피부가 좋아지는 5가지 습관 5 habits to improve your skin
• 피부 skin
• -이/가 subject marking particle
• 좋다 good
• -지다 become
• -(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ changes verb into adjective (past, present, and future tense)
• -가지 kind, sort
• 습관 habits
1. 욕실용품, 화장용품 주기적으로 관리 periodically cleaning bath and makeup supplies
• 욕실용품 bath supplies (욕실 bathroom, 용품 goods, articles, items)
• 화장품 makeup
• 주기적으로 periodically, cyclically (주기 interval, cycle, -적 being related to something, -(으)로 particle for method, way)
• 관리 management, looking after, care
2. 60초 세안법으로 세안하기 washing your face using the 60 second washing method
• 초 second
• 세안 washing the face
• 법 way
• 세안하다 wash the face
• -기 changes verb into noun
3. 미온수로 샤워하기 showering with lukewarm water
• 미온수 lukewarm water
• 샤워하다 shower
4. 씻고 난 직후에 보습제 도포하기 applying moisturizer right after washing
• 씻다 wash
• -고 and (attached to verb)
• 나다 come to an end
• 직후 next, following
• -에 location marking particle
• 보습제 moisturizer
• 도포하다 spread, apply
5. 얼굴에 손대지 않기 not touching your face
• 얼굴 face
• 손대다 touch, lay one’s hands on
• -지 않다 to not be
Hello! I love your blog. ❤️ Could you maybe write how is it in korean both in formal and informal form to say “ i will take care of you” “ i will be good to you” “i will protect you”. I hear it so many times in kdramas but i dont know how to write them 🙈
Hi! Here they are along with some brief grammatical explanations and links to my full-length lessons about them!
I will be good to you. = 잘해줄게요.
Drop the -요 to make is informal!
잘하다 means “to be good at something,” but in some contexts it can mean to be good to someone.
-아/어주다 is attached to a verb when you’re doing that verb for someone else.
-ㄹ/을게(요) is a future tense structure and is used when you’re saying you’re going to do something that concerns the person you’re speaking to.
I feel like this too could also mean “I’ll take care of you” in a romantic relationship sense. 돌봐줄게요 is another phrase that can mean “I’ll take care of you,” but I feel like 돌보다 means “to look after” or “to tend to” and can be used for inanimate objects in addition to people. I feel like if you mean to say “I’ll take care of you” in a romantic sense as opposed to literally caring for or tending to someone, then 잘해줄게(요) is a good option. But someone correct me if I’m wrong!
I will protect you. = 지켜줄게요.
지키다 = to protect
I hope this is helpful! Thanks for the question! 화이팅!