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studiesara · a day ago
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Introducing yourself in Portuguese:
language learning log - 09-15/01/22 (week 6)
How are you?
1. tudo bem? - how are you? this literally translates to "is all well?"
responses:
tudo bem - everything is fine
tudo bem, e contigo? - everything is fine, and you?
tudo bem, e consigo? - everything is fine, and you? (formal)
sim, e contigo? - yes, and you?
2. como estás? - how are you? or como está? - how are you? (formal)
responses:
estou bem, e tu? - I am well, and you?
estou bem, e você? I am well, and you? (formal)
Who are you?
nome - name
como te chamas? - what is your name?
como se chama? - what is your name? (formal)
chamo-me ___ - my name is ___
o meu nome é ___ - my name is ___
eu sou o/a ___ - my name is ___ (a/o depends on what is your gender)
Nice to meet you:
prazer em conhecer-te - nice to meet you
prazer em conhecê-lo/la - nice to meet you (formal) (lo/la depends on whether you're speaking to a man/woman)
muito prazer - very nice to meet you
prazer - pleasure!
Where are you from?
és de onde? - where are you from?
é de onde? - where are you from? (formal)
de onde são? - where are you (all) from?
*the order here is flexible, you could also say "de onde é?"*
responses:
eu sou de ___ - I am from ___
nós somos de ___ - we are from ___
nós somos polacos - we are Polish
eu sou Americano - I am American
frança - France
alemnha - Germany
*notice we use the verb "ser" (to be), because this is more of a permanent characteristic. *
de - of, from. This is sometimes switched to "do/dos" when combined with "O" and "da/das" when combined with "A". This is because a definite article is required for some countries. More on this in future lessons.
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kanelinsuomi · a day ago
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Clocks and time systems 2
This is continuation to my previous post about time systems in Finnish. You can find it here: Clocks and time systems
In the post I only talked about hours and nothing about minutes. I actually originally planned to do it, but the post was just wayyyyy too long, so I decided to break it in half. So here you go!
Minutes in Finnish
Finnish has two ways to talk about minutes. You can pretty much use either one for either one of the time systems, but the traditional more complex one tends to be used more often with the 12-hour clock and vice versa.
The traditional way
The more traditional way to talk about minutes is quite similar to English. The clock is divided into two sections (in the pictures).
When the minutes are on the turqoise side, you say how many minutes past the hour the time is.
For example, 1.20 o'clock could be expressed as: Kello on kaksikymmentä yli yksi. Literally: The clock is twenty over one.
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When the minutes are on the yellow side, you say how many minutes till the next hour.
For example, 1.55 o'clock would be: Kello on viisi vaille kaksi. Quite literally: The clock is two with five missing.
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Finnish also has it’s own word for quarter hour, vartti. So you could also say "varttia yli" / “quarter over one” instead of "viisitoista yli" / “fifteen over one” and so on. Both are acceptable.
For the phrase “half past one” there is a little twist though. In Finnish we do not say “half past”. In Finnish 1.30 is considered to be half of 2, so 1.30 would be “kello on puoli kaksi”, literally “the clock is half two”.
This is actually a common mistake Finns make when speaking English. We tend to say “half two” instead of “half past one”.
Note that you can also write “kaksikymmentä yli kuusi” as well as speak it. This system is both for speaking and writing.
The simple way
Nowadays however people more often just say the minutes as numbers. For example: “Kello on 13.30” would be pronounced “Kello on kolmetoista kolmekymmentä”, literally “The clock is thirteen thirty”.
Note that when writing, you would never write the time with numerals, but you should always use numbers. I cannot send my friend a text: Kello on viisitoista kaksikymmentä. / It’s fifteen twenty. I would send a text: Kello on 15.20. / It’s 15.20. My friend would probably read it in their head like “viisitoista kaksikymmentä” though :D
Well, that's it. I hope some of you found this interesting! I sure think that there being so many systems for speaking about something as universal as time is quite fascinating :)
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woaihanyu · a day ago
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2022 Language Goals
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Overarching:
Work towards upper intermediate level in Mandarin.
Hopefully take the HSK4.
Reach A2 level in Russian.
Specific:
Chinese
Be able to converse with my Chinese language partners (limited English except for complex/specific topics).
Be able to understand ~80% of podcasts in Chinese (e.g. TeaTime Chinese, Haike Mandarin etc).
Take HSK4 (variable dependent).
Russian:
Be able to hold a basic conversation, e.g. introduce myself, ask for things, express needs.
Converse with a Russian language partner.
Read simple paragraphs.
What are yours?
Let's make this year a great one, 加油你们!
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lustrousbratz · 2 days ago
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Tips on learning a new language?
Guide to ….learning a language….
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I speak a bit of french and I’m a beginner in spanish right now! Here are some language learning tips that have helped me:)
1. Use language apps!
There are many apps that are great for teaching beginners the basics (alphabet, verb tenses, vocab etc). These are the apps I personally use:
- LingoDeer (alphabet, simple phrases, vocab)
- HiNative (practice with native speakers, ask questions, verify pronunciation, learn slang/informal language)
- Hellotalk (practice with native speakers)
- Quizlet (I use it to make flashcards of vocab words and verb tenses)
2. Find a language partner.
A big part of learning and remembering how to speak another language is constant practice. Speaking and texting with someone who speaks the language fluently is very helpful. They can correct your writing, pronunciation of words and get you more comfortable speaking.
3. Include the language into your everyday life:
- Change your phone keyboard to the language you want to learn
- Consume media in that language (tv shows, listen to music, read kids books, watch youtube videos)
- Keep a notebook/ diary and practice writing in that language
4. First steps to take:
- learn the alphabet
- learn big/main verb tenses
- learn simple vocab words and phrases
- talk to your language partners, family and friends daily in the language
- write down words you don’t know and find the translation
- keep sticky notes of vocab words around your room
- try finding a class in the language you would like to learn
🎀 Some more Helpful Resources 🎀
- spanishdict.com (accurate spanish dictionary for vocab, conjugation)
- verb2verbe: (for french verb tenses)
- damon and jo on youtube (several languages)
- elizabeth teaches spanish on youtube
- kali on youtube (korean)
- français avec pierre on youtube (french)
- mvlife nunez (spanish vlogs, beauty, fashion)
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yun-min · 2 days ago
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‘yes’ and ‘no’ in latin
if anyone’s wondering; these two simple words don’t really exist in classical latin. however, there are phrases that can be used as a negation and affirmation. for instance:
phr. verum est - yes (literally that’s true)
sic adv. - yes (spanish sí/italian sì and other affirmative words in the romance languages derived from it)
ita adv. - yes (romanian da derived from it)
vere adv. - yes (literally true)
phr. false est - no (literally that’s false)
minime adv. - no (literally not at all)
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and yeah here’s a meme <33
~
let me know if you think smth should be corrected!!
classical latin masterlist 
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disregardcanon · a day ago
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Duolingo said GAY RIGHTS
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survivetoread · a day ago
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Marathi Grammar - The verb that makes new verbs, करणे
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English is famed for being able to make verbs out of any noun, which is how we've ended up with 'to google', or 'to crowdfund', and other verbs.
A similar function is fulfilled in Marathi by the verb करणे [karṇe]. By itself, the verb means 'to do', but when used after a noun, it essentially verb-ifies the noun.
In fact, we can use it on the above examples:
गूगल करणे [gūgal karṇe] (to google)
क्राउडफंड करणे [krāuḍfaṅḍ karṇe] (to crowdfund)
करणे is used in a very wide range of common verbs formed out of nouns. For instance:
आंघोळ करणे [āṅghoḷ karṇe] (to bathe), from आंघोळ [āṅghoḷ] (bath)
पाठ करणे [pāṭh karṇe] (to memorise), from पाठ [pāṭh] (text, lesson)
लग्न करणे [lagna karṇe] (to marry), from लग्न [lagna] (marriage, wedding)
अटक करणे [aṭak karṇe] (to arrest), from अटक [aṭak] (arrest)
वर करणे [var karṇe] (to raise), from वर [var] (up)
खाली करणे [khālī karṇe] (to lower), from खाली [khālī] (down)
अभ्यास करणे [abhyās karṇe] (to study), from अभ्यास [abhyās] (study)
काम करणे [kām karṇe] (to work), from काम [kām] (work)
Note that when used in the context of food, करणे [karṇe] usually refers to the act of making food, as opposed to eating it. Therefore, जेवण करणे [jevaṇ karṇe] is typically equivalent to जेवण बनवणे [jevaṇ banavṇe] (to make or prepare a meal). Some do use it to mean जेवणे [jevṇe] (to have a meal) too, though!
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blacktigersprings · 2 days ago
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Trying to learn Japanese as a Chinese speaker is so frustrating because: (same phrase written in kanji and hiragana)
日曜日空いてる? - Ooh! I know what this means but I don't know how to say it out loud :'(
にちようびあいてる? - Oh...I can read this out loud but now I need a dictionary :'(
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salvadorbonaparte · 12 months ago
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Hey did you know I keep a google drive folder with linguistics and language books  that I try to update regularly 
UPDATE because apparently not everyone has seen this yet the new and improved version of this is a MEGA folder
I know there's so many more urgent things but if you like this resource you may consider buying me a ko-fi to keep this project alive
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lovelybluepanda · 10 months ago
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Gentle reminder that your hobbies should make you happy, not stressed. They're not chores. Don't let them become that.
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french-romarin · a year ago
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To note:
FR: concentrer /EN: focus
FR: écureuil /EN: squirrel
FR: pingouin /EN: penguin
FR: câlin /EN: hug
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awed-frog · a year ago
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Here is the link! What an amazing idea ❤️
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ephemeresque · 4 months ago
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the fact that is impossible for me, in one life, to study classical studies, archaeology, international relations, all the literature in the world, get a languages degree in italian, german, greek, latin, russian and french; learn how to play the violin and also piano, cello, guitar and the flute; learn how to sing, both modern singing and classical singing/opera; is my villain origin story.
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sunmoonlang · a month ago
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reading in your target language is like
*reads two words* *picks up dictionary* *reads two more words* *looks up two words in dictionary* *understands two sentences* *rejoices* *looks up word in dictionary* *finally understands the sentence* *looks up same word in dictionary* *despairs* *reads under breath to aid comprehension* *opens up dictionary again* *understands every single word in the sentence but doesn’t understand the sentence* *sighs* *picks up dictionary* *understands more sentences* *rereads same sentence three times* *doesn’t understand* *opens dictiona—
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a-german-learning-clown · 2 months ago
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Umlaut matters 🤡
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trying-for-100times · a month ago
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i’m screaming
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thechekhov · 11 months ago
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English is the most gender neutral language, therefore it’s the best language
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[Transcript under the cut]
While English is certainly much more neutral than some select languages, i don’t believe it’s accurate to call it the most neutral. 
There are many languages that have a built-in neutral pronoun, such as Armenian, and some that lack grammatical gender completely, like Swahili. Language and gender is complex, so I’m not sure there’s any way to reasonably rank them from ‘worst’ to ‘best’.
And although I understand your appreciation of English and feel quite grateful to it as well, your statement made me recall something...
You see, as a middle school student, I took classes in German as my ‘language’ requirement. At the time, many kids in my class were only there because they had to be, and at one point, a girl I sat next to said “Urgh, why do we gotta learn another language anyway? It’s annoying. Everyone should just learn English, it’s the best language.”
Which, at the time, was hilarious to me because I had just gotten used to speaking in English and knew personally how convoluted its grammar was.
And almost immediately after, I felt quite angry.
Unfortunately, calling English the ‘best language’ for any reason is not quite the neutral, positive statement it sounds like.
Many people who speak English think of it as superior, and use that as a reason to put down other languages. 
But regardless of how gender neutral they are, or how complex their grammars are, languages are all incredible. 
They aren’t good or bad, or BEST, they are something much more.
Languages are, at their core, a history. 
A history of its people, a library of their culture, and a living embodiment of not only the ones who speak it now, but those who spoke it hundreds of years ago. 
Each one is unique, each one has something that it can do that other languages perhaps cannot. But this does not make it lesser or greater. Instead, it gives us the ability to describe our experiences with our culture in a way that is inherently tied to our community and history. 
I share your fondness for English, and I like the fact that it’s neutral, and I like its ridiculous rules, its archaic spelling and its frankly ludicrous amount of vowels... but I can’t agree with it being the ‘best’ language. 
Calling any language ‘best’ is as silly as calling green the ‘best’ eye color, or blonde the ‘best’ hair color. It’s important to appreciate all our languages, whether or not they suit our personal needs.
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studyblr · 2 months ago
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how i study languages on my own 💬
1. grammar, vocabulary, immersion. the three pillars of language learning. in the beginning, choose one trusty resource for each. taking korean as an example, i use the amazing “howtostudykorean” website for grammar, the corresponding memrise course for vocabulary and my favorite k-dramas and podcasts (like talk to me in korean) to immerse myself in the language. there are so many blog posts with resources out there on *all* the languages.
2. collect your resources in a spreadsheet, and indicate exactly how often you want to use them in a week. the more concrete your goals are, the more likely you are to actually do them. writing down the exact time for self-study in your time table/calendar is even better!
3. once you’re gradually building up your language skills, think about getting in touch with natives, through sites like hellotalk. actually using the language is the best way forward, so even if you’re insecure, just try it out! in my experience, natives will be happy to help. language-tandem, where your language partner is studying your native language, is also a very cool method.
4. find like-minded people who also self-study languages! it’s great to have a network to motivate each other, share struggles or tips.
💭 reblog with the language(s) you are studying/want to study, i’m sure you’ll find someone to keep in touch with :)
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multilingualmarissa · 2 months ago
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lovelybluepanda · 4 months ago
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How to romanticize language learning
Use your favorite colors to highlight what you don't know
Have a nice notebook where you keep track of grammar or/and vocabulary
Try making a snack specific to a country where your target language is spoken
Have sticky notes with texts you wrote in order to improve and motivate yourself
Annotate books if that's your thing
Look up for new songs and then learn to sing then by looking up the lyrics (+translate the new words)
Remember how you'll improve over time if you keep learning
Keep a journal in your target language. Write in another color the words you had to look up. Notice how over time there are less and less different colored words.
Decorate your notes with sticky notes and doodles
Chat with your pets or with yourself in your target language (or just tell to mister cat how you'll improve your French, everything works)
Start a book or a comic and choose a reward for when you finish it
Pretend you're a foreigner who knows only your target language, try using that language only for some time
Talk about each product from your grocery list/chart
Learn idioms and imagine in which circumstances you could use them
Change the settings of your phone for a day/week to your TL and try to read/look up things only in that language
Keep a journal or agenda where you plan, analyze and organize your life but use only your target language.
Have a notebook/digital notepad where you write about your day and add a picture.
Make a PowerPoint presentation with what you learned today. Think of it as the most important project you have to make or the thing that could teach someone else your TL. (Your favorite fictional characters for example)
Weekly write letters to future you about your progress. (In your native or target language) Open those letters when you're more advanced. Decorate them with drawings or stickers.
These ideas might seem more appropriate for higher levels BUT if you're a beginner and start trying to do these things, you'll improve a lot so don't discourage yourself just because you think you don't know enough yet.
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