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1. Explain what the title of the play refers to. Cite at least three or more examples of these “trifles.”

The definition of trifles is “a thing of little value or importance”. In the play, the title refers to trifles by how the men ignore the importance of what Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters say about the case. For example, when Mrs. Peters mentions the fruit and how it was frozen, Hale says, “Well, women are used to worrying over trifles,” (Glaspell pg. 258). Basically, Hale is stating that what Mrs. Peters is noticing is not a big deal and how it is evident that a woman would pay such close attention to little detail because it is trifles. Another example is when Mrs. Peters is explaining to Mrs. Hale how it is not looking too good for Mrs. Wright. As Mrs. Peters is telling Mrs. Hale, she says, “Mr. Peters says it looks bad for her.Mr.Henderson is awful sarcastic in a speech and he’ll make fun of her sayin’ she didn’t wake up,” (Glaspell pg. 260). This is a great example of how trifles plays a role in this play by Mr. Henderson “making fun of” Mrs. Wright for not waking up and not believing her. A third example of when the play refers to trifles is when the sheriff says, “They wonder if she was going to quilt it or just knot it! [The men laugh, the women look abashed]” (Glaspell 261). As the men listen to what the women are saying about the quilt, they begin  to make  fun of them because they do not think the quilt has anything to do with the case, rather it is just trifles. 

2. Explain how the most important props in the play–the canary, the birdcage, the quilt, and the sewing box–each relate to the theme of the play? What do they symbolize?

The Canary: The canary represents Mrs.Wright’s independence. Before marriage, Mrs. Wright was once a bright, young woman of the town who loved to sing. She was also part of the church choir. After marriage, her husband silenced her voice. Ever since, she felt depressed and empty.  For example, when Mrs. Hale says, “She used to sing. He killed that, too,” (Glaspell 265) she is referring to how he killed something so significant to her; which seemed to be her voice.

The Birdcage: The birdcage represents how Mrs.Wright was trapped in her marriage and she had no way out. The birdcage door was broken; this symbolizes how Mrs.Wright’s marriage was not a united, it instead was broken. In one point of the story, the cage had a lock; which symbolized how John took away Mrs.Wright’s freedom. The only time Mrs.Wright had freedom was when the cage door was open. John behaved very cruely with his wife because he knew that his wife will never tell about his actions to anyone due to her being locked in a cage (under his control).

The Quilt: The quilt represents her marriage in a domestic way. The quilt symbolized how the wifes were the ones who was in charge of the house where as the husbands go out and take care of the farm. The quilt also symbolized how Mrs.Wright knotted the quilt and ironically ended her marriage and her responsibility in the marriage.

The Sewing Box:  The sewing box represented a hiding place for Mrs.Wright. She hid the dead canary in the sewing box. Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters found it because they were looking for scissors. The men didn’t bother to look there. In those days men use to only go out and take care of the farm so never had any knowledge about where the women kept anything in the house. Due to this Mrs.Wright’s sewing box was used to store and hide things.  

3. What is the dilemma Mrs. Peters faces in the play? What complicates matters for her? Why does she decide to suppress the evidence against Mrs. Wright? Why does Mrs. Hale experience no such dilemma?

Mrs. Peters is struggling between her feelings of mercy and justice. As the Sheriff’s wife, she is “married to the law,” (267) and just takes the men’s sexist comments. Like when they find the bird and Mrs. Hale basically says that John Wright had it coming, Mrs. Peters replies “The law has got to punish crime, Mrs. Hale.” (266) Even then, she empathized with Mrs. Wright’s dead canary, recalling the brutal murder of her kitten and even her stillborn son. When the County Attorney says “No, Mrs. Peters doesn’t need supervising. For that matter, a sheriff’s wife is married to the law. Ever think of it that way Mrs. Peters?” (267) She isn’t seen as her own person, but merely an extension of her husband. When the men leave, Mrs. Peters is the first one to attempt to hide the box with the canary, seeing this as an opportunity to do something for herself. (267)

Mrs. Hale doesn’t experience this dilemma because she isn’t held up to the reputation. Even she is quick to quip back to the men when they say demeaning comments. When the County Attorney comments on how dirty the towels are, attributing to Mrs. Wright’s lack of housekeeping skills, Mrs. Hale quickly responds, “Those towels get dirty awful quick. Men’s hands aren’t always as clean as they might be.” (258) Whereas Mrs. Peters comes to the men’s defense later on saying that criticizing the kitchen is “no more than their duty.” (259). Mrs. Hale doesn’t have the status or reputation to uphold, so she has more agency over her thoughts because she doesn’t have to consider how it would impact her husband.

4. Explain the significance of the last line of dialogue in the play (and explain the pun involved–“not it”). How could the men have repeated this throughout the play?

The last line of the play is the most important significant one. It contains the clue of the murder, containing the detail that the men ignored and made fun of throughout the play. Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters had the evidence that found under the pieces of quilt, the dead bird. Quilting is more time consuming then knotting that can be done faster. Mrs. Wright had chosen the fastest way of killing her husband  and end up with the emotional struggle that she had after her husband  killed the bird.

The men repeated and mentioned quilting throughout the play, but never thought about it as a clue to identify the reason of the murder. Back in 1900 the women were discriminated and there was a lack of women rights. Their main role was considered the one of reproduction, raising kids and taking care of their husband, which included cooking, cleaning, laundry. Mrs. Peters and Mrs. Hale were not given the right to talk or express themselves too much. Their attention to quilting was ironically judged when it was indeed the clue to the murder.

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The ocean calls for her, inviting her to play. Her crown is heavier, so on land she stays.

Her grandmother reveals their family past. She encourages Moana, the sail is hers to cast.

In order to save her island, she must sail upon the sea. To find Maui, and return the heart to Te Fiti.

“You’re welcome!” says Maui, as he tries to escape. The ocean stops him, so he teaches her to navigate.

The Realm of Monsters is where the fish hook lies. Tamatoa sees sparkles in his eyes.

Armed and ready, they set off for the final boss. Te Ka is to blame for every island’s loss.

The first battle is a failure, the hook about to break. Moana feels despair, for lives are at stake.

Her grandmother appears, ethereal on the water. Reminds her of her name, tells her not to falter.

Maui returns, remembering his purpose. He fights off their foe as she stands on the surface.

The shadow on the ground reveals the true identity. The terrifying Te Ka is the goddess Te Fiti.

The ocean makes way as the two meet head on. Te Ka and Moana, the dusk turns to dawn.

“I know who you are,” Moana sings, placing the stone. Te Fiti is back, the darkness now overthrown.

With life returned to the island, her people are happy. They all sail off into the horizon, against the boat, waves lapping.

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Manisha Venkatesan

ENH110  Menon

1 November 2018

1. Briefly explain what is happening in the poem.

In this poem the author writes about how the main character has a hard time choosing between the two roads.

2. Explain how the speaker feels about the two roads.

The two roads symbolizes how in our lives we get stuck in between two choices and having to pick one. One choice will be the obvious one which everyone would have chosen, and the second one will be the one that no one would have chosen and it will be the hardest.  

3. Why doesn’t the speaker think he’ll ever go back and travel down the other road?

In our lives we may take a decision in a quick but forget the consequences which comes with it. Many times in our lives we have felt that “I wish I could take that decision back”. Similarly the speaker is feeling since he has already chosen that road he cannot go back.  

4. Explain why this poem is considered an extended metaphor.

This poem is considered an extended metaphor because it is comparing the decisions we make on the journey of life to the decision of a traveler in which road he will choose between the two.

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Dulce Et Decorum Est


Owen uses imagery throughout the poem to describe what he sees. He is informing the readers how it is not beautiful to fight for one’s nation. By using imagery, it explains to us all of the horrors of what war really looks like.

In the 3rd stanza, there are many examples of imagery.

“ He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning,” (Owen 16)

This is a strong example of imagery. Owen describes what he sees in his point of view, knowing there is nothing he can do to help the soldier from suffocating from the gas.


Owen uses punctuation throughout this poem to explain the mindset and body language of himself and the other soldiers.

In the 1st stanza, he places commas in multiple different places.

“Bent double, like old beggars under sacks, / Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge,” (Owen 1-2).

This is a great example how he uses commas as a pause to explain how slow the soldiers are moving.

In the 2nd stanza, the punctuation changes drastically. Instead of keeping the poem slow and sluggish, he picks up the pace a bit by using exclamation marks and limited commas.

“Gas! Gas! Quick, boys! - An ecstasy of fumbling, / Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time;” (Owen 9-10)

This quote from the poem shows the reader how quickly the soldiers are moving after seeing bits and pieces of the gas, expelling into the trench.


Owen uses simile throughout the poem to inform us on what he is experiencing in the war. He is trying to compare the pain of the soldiers to human characteristics, so that he can inform the readers that it’s not a wonderful experience fighting in the war.  

In the 3rd stanza, Owen gives a lot of examples of simile.

“ Obscene as cancer” (Owen 23)

This is a well built example of simile. In this specific example, Owen is explaining how his friend was in a worse situation similar to cancer.  One of the side effect for cancer is coughing/vomiting blood and that’s exactly what his friend was doing due to the poisonous gas.

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Manisha Venkatesan

9576 W Harmony Ln

Peoria, AZ *5382

15th October 2018

Hello Mr. Edgar Allan Poe,

My name is Manisha Venkatesan and I am a student at the Glendale Community College. I recently read your story called “The Cask of Amontillado” in my ENH110 class. The first time through I had a hard time understanding about what was happening. Due to this I had to re read the story again a second time to understand.  

The character which I connect mostly with is Montresor. The reason I connect with him is because I sometimes also make impulsive decisions based on feelings I have towards a certain person but later on I will get a guilty feeling. The only difference between both of us is that I would never go to the extent of killing someone.

While reading the story I had many questions running through my mind. But out of all the questions I had two main questions.  My first question was why did you not include the reason for Montresor seeking for revenge? My second question was why did you have such ending to the story?

Thank You so much for taking time out for reading my letter. I will eagerly be waiting for your reply.



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“The Gift of the Magi” by O. Henry and “Everyday Use” by Alice Walker both have objects that are symbolic to the characters in the story and to the readers outside of it. In “The Gift of the Magi,” Della (wife) cuts off all of her hair in place to buy her husband a gift for his watch. On the controversie, Jim (husband) sells his watch to buy Della hair combs that she has been wanting. This short story compares to “Everyday Use” by Alice Walker because both stories show how each significant item comes with a sacrifice. However, they both contrast each other through the objects themselves.

The United States suffered a two-year recession shortly after the stock market crash of 1901. This downturn accounts for the salary drop in that time period. In the story, the characters reflected the time period scrambling to find money to buy presents. Even though the income level lowered in the households, the cost of living was never affected by the stock market crash. Despite all, Della and Jim wanted to buy each other expensive christmas gifts. Della always had pride for her long hair, but later found out that she must give up her hair to buy the watch bob for her husband. Much like Della, Jim had pride for his gold watch and he gave it up to purchase the comb set for his wife. The readers are able to see the irony in this situation since neither of the characters have a purpose to use their gifts.    

The Civil Rights Movement was in full swing during the 1960s. Some African-Americans, mostly young educated people, were adapting a pseudo-ethnic identity. In “Everyday Use,” Dee represents this group. She grew up with her family, who still live in the backwater Southern town she left behind. Mama and Maggie are surprised to see Dee in her African garb, male companion, and new name (Wangero), and her sudden interest in family history. First, she asks for the churn, carved by her uncle, saying she’ll use it to decorate the house. Next, she asks for the handsewn quilts, which were promised to Maggie. These objects in particular have no monetary value, but hold a lot of memories and family history. The quilts themselves were sewn by Grandma Dicie and Auntie Dee. Wangero complained that Maggie would only wear them to tatters by putting them to everyday use. When asked what she would do with them, Dee replied that she would “hang it up.” To her, these objects are not as personal as they are to Mama and Maggie, who learned how to quilt from the previous womenfolk of the family. Instead, Wangero sees the churn and quilts like some sort of history in a museum, things to be displayed. In the end, Mama hands the quilts to Maggie, saying that her younger daughter would use them as they were intended to be.

“The Gift of the Magi” by O.Henry and “Everyday Use” by Alice Walker describe the significance and value of the things and the sacrifice done for accomplishing them.The symbolism of an object differs for each one of us. For Della and Jim, the presents they bought for each other  were very expensive and showcased the love for each other as they both sacrificed a lot to get it.They both gave up on precious things just to be able to make each other happy. Della cut her hair and used the money for the gold watch chain and Jim sold the watch to buy the combs. A gift has no price as long as is given from love and with a deep and dedicated significance.

Dee from “Everyday Use by” by Alice Walker shows a different attitude toward things with a significant importance. She wanted to inherit the quilts and churn as objects of value, when for her sister, Maggie meant more then just value. Maggie wanted to use those things everyday to remind her of her grandmother and somehow get closer to her through those objects.

The way we treat the use of objects reflects the way we are, therefore we place those things in accordance to the they affect us personally. Some things have no value and can’t ever be bought or sold since there is a more significant meaning behind them.

In order of paragraphs: Alyssa, Manesha, Melody, and Alex (last 3)

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