*I: The Great Hall
Ville De Laas
- A commune in the Pyrenees-Atlantiques department in south- western France. Neighboring villages include Orriule to the north, Andrein to the north west, Narp to the east, Barraute- Camu to the west, and montfort to the south.
- A department in the south- west corner of France and of the region of Nouvelle- Aquitaine. It takes its name from the Pyrenees mountains and the Atlantic ocean.
- In Chianti is a town and commune in the metropolitan city of Florence, Tuscany. It is located about 31 Kilometers south of Florence and 42 Kilometers north of Sienna.
- A district of a city or town as defined for police purposes.
- Very eager or curious to hear or see something.
- A formal procession of people walking,on horseback, or ridding in vehicles.
- Also commonly known as Camelot or Camblet, is a woven fabric that might have originally been made of camel or goats hair, later chiefly of goats hair and silk, or of wool and cotton.
- A commune in the Loiret department in North central France on the Loing river. The town is located about 110 Km south of Paris and 70Km east of Orleans in the Gatinais. Montargis is the second largest city in Loiret, after Orleans.
- A notorious prison in southwark, just south of the river Thames.
Omg!! This is just setting the scene for the story!
- It’s so much information and historical events being thrown at you all at one time. Its a bit confusing.
- A person involved in a lawsuit.
- A french mathematician, writer and essayist.
- Francois Ravaillac was a french catholic zealot who assassinated king Henry IV of France in 1610.
- A person who is fanatical and uncompromising in pursuit of their religious,political, or other ideals.
- (Of France) Also known by the epithet Good king Henry or Henry the great, was king of Navarre from 1572 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was the first monarch of France from the house of Bourbon, a cadet branch of the Capetian Dynasty.
- A geographically diverse region in northern Spain. A medieval Basque kingdom, it was annexed by Castille in the 16th century. Dotted with remote villages, its capital and largest city is Pamplona, famous for its annual running of the bulls. Pamplona has 16th century fortifications, the Gothic Santa Maria La real Cathedral and the Museo de Navarra, with archaeological and art collection.
- Also known as the house of France, is a dynasty of Frankish origin, and a branch of the Robertians.
- A person who starts fires,especially in a military context.
- Pierre Jules Theophile Gautier was a french poet, dramatist, novelist, journalist, and art and literary critic.
- Robert I was the elected king of West Francia from 922 to 923. Before his election to the thrown he was count of Poitiers, count of Paris and marquis of Neustria and Orleans. He succeeded the over thrown carolingian King Charles the simple, who in 898 had succeeded Robert’s brother, king Odo.
- In medieval history, West Francia or the kingdom of the West Franks.
Philip the fair
- Philip IV was king of France from 1285 to 1314. By virtue of his marriage with Joan I of Navarre, he was also king of Navarre as Philip I from 1284 to 1305, as well as count of Champagne.
- French Historian and biographer, was a monk of the Benedictine Abbey of Fleury. Little else is known about him save that he was Chaplain to the French king, Robert II the pious, whose life he wrote.
- Fleur Abbey in Saint- Benoit-sur-loire, Loiret, France, founded about 640, is one of the most celebrated Benedictine monasteries of Western Europe, which possesses the relics of St. Benedict of Nursia. Its site on the banks of the Loire has always made it easily accessible from Orleans, a center of culture unbroken since Roman times. Today the abbey has over forty monks and is headed by the Etienne Ricaud.
- A commune in the Haute-Marne department in the North eastern France. Originally spelled Jonivilla or Junivilla in Latin, in the middle ages it was the site of an important lordship in the county of Champagne.
- Sigismund of Luxembourg was prince- elector of Brademburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, king of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, King of Germany from 1411, king of Bohemia from 1419, King of Italy from 1431, and Holy Roman emperor from 1433 until 1437, and last male member of the house of Luxembourg.
- Born Wenceslaus was the first King of Bohemia to become Holy Roman Emperor. He was a member of the house of Luxembourg from his father’s side and the Czech house of Premyslid from his mother’s side; he emphasized the latter due his lifelong affinity for the Czech side of his inheritance, and also because his direct ancestors in the Premyslid line included two saints.
- Was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216. He lost the Duchy of Normandy and most of his other French lands to King Philip II of France, resulting in the collapse of the Angevin Empire and contributing to the subsequent growth in power of French Capetian Dynasty during the 13th century.
- The territory of a duke or duchess; a dukedom.
- Was a collection of states ruled by the Angevin Plantagenet Dynasty. The Plantagenets, Henry II of England, Richard I of England, and John of England , ruled over an area from the Pyrenees to Ireland during the 12th century and early 13th century.
- Called the beloved and later the mad, King of France for 42 years, from 1380 until his death in 1422. He is known for his mental illness and psychotic episodes which plagued him throughout his life.
Robert of Clearmont
- Was created count of Clearmont in 1268. He was the son of King Louis IX of France and Margaret of Provence. In 1272, Robert married Beatrice of Burgundy, heiress of Bourbon and had the following issue: Louis I, Le Boiteux, first duke of Bourbon.
- (Of a structure in building) covered with a coping.
- Join by means of a miter.
M. De Brosse
- Salomon De Brosse was an influential early 17th century French architect, a major influence on Francois mansart. Salmon was born in Verneuil-en-Hallatte, Oise, into a prominent Huguenot family, the grandson through his mother of the designer Jacques I Androuet du Cerceau and the son of the architect Jean de Brosse. He was established in practice in Paris in 1598 and was promoted to court architect in 1608.
- The life of Gargantua and of Pantagruel is a pentalogy of novels written in the 16th century by Francois Rabelais, telling the adventures of two giants, Gargantua and his son Pantagruel.
- Called “Louis the prudent “, was king 🤴🏻 of France 🇫🇷 from 1461 to 1483. He succeeded his father, Charles VII. Louis entered into open rebellion against his father in a short- lived revolt known as the Praguerie in 1440.
- Was a revolt of the French nobility against King 🤴🏻 Charles VII from February to July 1440. It was so named because a similar rising had recently taken place in Prague, Bohemia, at that time closely associated with France 🇫🇷 through the house of Luxembourg , Kings of Bohemia.
- Charles the great, numbered Charles I, was the king of the Franks from 768, the King of the Lombard’s from 774 , and the Emperor of the Romans from 800. During the early middle ages, he united the majority of western and central Europe.
- Louis IX, commonly known as saint Louis or Louis the saint, is the only King of France to be canonized in the Catholic Church. Louis was crowned in Reims at the age of 12, following the death of his father Louis VIII; his mother Blanche of Castille, ruled the Kingdom as regent until he reached maturity.
- A low platform for a lectern, seats of honor, or a throne.
- A horizontal, continuous lintel on a classical building supported by columns or a wall, compromising the architrave, Frieze , and cornice.
Madame Margaret of Austria
- Archduchess Margaret of Austria, Suo Juve Countess of Artois, was governor of Habsburg Netherlands from 1507 to 1515 and again from 1519 to 1530.
- A genus of about 30 species of flowering plants in the family Acanthaceae, native to tropical and warm temperate regions, with the highest species diversity in the Mediterranean basin and Asia.
Cornutus et Hirsutus (my first crack at Latin translation and I’m not quite positive I’ll have all these right.)
- Overcome with anger, extremely indignant.
The way this is written it’s very hard to read.
- It’s like another language. Very had to keep up and I find myself getting lost quite a bit. It’s frustrating having to read the same line three times to understand it.
(I’m sure I’m about to butcher these translations 🤣)
Saturnalitas Mittimus eccentric nuces
- Saturnalitiae forces to look 👀 nuts 🥜.
Cum Tunicis grisis
We du pellibus grisis fourrats
- Beige leather does he fourrats.
Aut unum bombum
Post equitem sedet atra cura
- The care of the black knight, who is sitting 🪑 after the.
- Or genuflexion is the act of bending a knee to the ground, as distinguished from kneeling 🧎🏻♀️ which more strictly involves both knees. From early times, it has been a gesture of deep respect for a superior.
Nec dues intersit
*II: Pierre Gringoire
- A noisy mock serenade performed by a group of people to celebrate 🎉 a marriage or mock an unpopular person.
Evoe, Jupiter! Plaudite, Cives!
- Evoe, Jupiter! Clap 👏🏻 Citizens!
- A short piece of sacred choral music 🎶, typically polyphonic and unaccompanied.
- The first fountains ⛲️ in Paris where the water 💧 itself was the chief decorative.
- Sometimes spelled hipocras or hypocras, is a drink made from wine 🍷 mixed with sugar and spices, usually including cinnamon, and possibly heated.
- A fishing 🎣 port on the Normandy coast of northern France 🇫🇷. On a cliff top over looking pebbly Dieppe beach is the centuries old Chateau de Dieppe. The castle’s museum includes maritime exhibits, ivory sculptures and impressionist paintings. Nearby, the memorial of 19 August 1942 is a museum honoring the lives lost in the Dieppe raid of WWII. The reconstructed medieval Saint-Jacques church is in Gothic style.
- The castle was founded in 1188 by King Henry II of England, and was destroyed in 1195 by King Philip II of France. The site was restored in the 14th century.The castle was later in large part reconstructed in 1433 by Charles des Marets.
- Toque with raised edges, usually velvet, surmounted by a button, a tassel or a feather egret, worn by men from the early years of the reign of Louis XI.
- A fallacious argument, especially on used deliberately to deceive.
- unable to be upset or excited; calm.
- A song or a poem celebrating a marriage.
- Relating to or characteristics of the Greek lyric poet Pindar or his works.
*III: The Cardinal
- An early type of portable gun supported on a tripod or a forked rest.
- Was the daughter of King Minos of Crete and his wife Pasiphae, in Greek mythology. By her mother, she was the granddaughter of the sun God Helios. She is best known for her pivotal role in the myth of Theseus and the Minotaur.
Father du Breuil
- Jean Du Breuil, was a french mathematician, winter and essayist.
- (Pharmacopeia) A book, especially an official publication, continuing a list of medical drugs with their effects and directions for their use.
- The swanky Chaillot area, also known as Trocadero, is home to embassies and the 1937, Palais de Chaillot whose esplanade offers Eiffel tower views. The palace houses the Musee Nationale de la Marine’s maritime artifacts, the cite de l’architecture et du patrimone , and the anthropology focused musee de l’homme, as well as dance performances at the theatre de Chaillot . Palaisede Tokyo is a hip contemporary art venue.
St. Germain d’Auxerre
- A Roman Catholic church in Paris situated at 2 place du Louvre. It used to be the parish church for inhabitants of the neighboring Louvre palace.
Cappa Repleta mero!
- Jacques Coitier was a french doctor. He was chief physician to Louis XI of France and president of the Chambre des comptes. Coitier was born at Poligny, french -Comte. His name is spelled in several ways.
- (The Court of Auditors) In the Ancient Regime, a chamber of accounts is a sovereign court before which the persons or organizations responsible for the management of the domain of the King or of a prince must deposit their accounts where they are audited by masters who verify the conformity of the receipts and expenses.
*IV: Master Jacques Coppenole
Margaritas ante porcos
- A stoat, especially when in it’s white winter coat.
- Present, appearing, or found everywhere.
- (Chiefly in old English verse) a half of a line of verse.
I do not know why all of this is necessary!!
- I hope it is revealed in time. If not oh man this is a lot of useless information.
I probably would be very upset if i were in Gringoires shoes.
- You work so hard on something only for it to be ignored and tossed aside out of nowhere. I would feel so disrespected.
Vera incessu patuit dea
Agamemnon of Timanthes
- Timanthes of Cythnus was an ancient Greek painter of the 4th century B.C. The most celebrated of his works was a picture representing the Sacrifice of Iphigenia, in which he finely depicted the emotions.
- In Greek mythology, Iphigenia was a daughter of king Agamemnon and Queen of Clytemnestra, and thus princess of Mycenea. In the story, Agamemnon offends the Goddess Artemis on his way to the Trojan war by accidentally killing one of her sacred deer.
- A person who has ambitions to achieve something.
- A service of Evening prayer in the divine office of the western christian church.
- Was a member of a class of light cavalry, originating in central Europe during the 15th and 16th centuries. The tittle and distinctive dress of these horsemen were subsequently widely adopted by light cavalry regiments in European armies in the late 17th and early 18th centuries.
- A sequence of real or imaginary images like those seen in a dream.
- the Bacchanalia were Roman festivals of Bacchus based on various ecstatic elements of the Greek Dionysia.
- Dionysus, also spelled Dionysos, also called Bacchus or (in Rome) Liber Pater, in Greco- Roman religion, a nature God of fruitfulness and vegetation, especially known as a God of wine and ecstasy.
- Insolent or impertinent behavior.
- (of a person or animal) heavily or solidly built; stocky.
- A French plated or billon coin.
Jehan and the old women seem very kind to Quasimodo.
- They seem to know him and have interacted with Quasimodo. They have come to his defense and speak kindly towards him.
- Ragged or disreputable in appearance.
Quasimodo sounds Horrifying in this book.
- In the Disney movie you obviously get the sense that he looks different but not scary in the book he sounds like something out of a horror movie.
- A native or citizen of Moscow.
*I: From Charybdis to Scylla
- A song or poem celebrating marriage.
- A shield or emblem bearing a coat of arms.
*III: Besos Para Golpes
- Deprived of physical or emotional feeling.
- Splash small drops of a liquid substance all over. (an object or surface.)
- A bundle of sticks or twigs bound together as fuel.
- (Carthusian) Also known as the pure Spanish horse or PRE, is a horse breed form the Iberian peninsula, where its ancestors lived for thousands of years. The Andalusian has been recognized as a distinct breed since the 15th century, and its conformation has changed very little over the centuries.
- A priest, priestess, or follower of Bacchus.
Whats wrong with gypsy’s ?
- I don’t understand why Gringoire had such an adverse reaction to Esmeralda dancing. It seems like because they found out she was a gypsy they found her less enchanting than before.
- Until now or until the point in time under discussion.
- Making or characterized by a hissing sound.
- Barnstorming was a form of entertainment in which stunt pilots performed tricks- either individually or in groups called flying circuses.
- won at too great a cost to have been worthwhile for the victor.
- A musical instruments of the renaissance and baroque periods, typically six- stringed, held vertically and played with a bow.
*IV: The Inconveniences of following a pretty women in the street at night
What a title for a chapter!
It’s a little creepy that Gringoire is just following Esmeralda.
- Why doesn’t he talk to her instead of just stalking her. Making her feel uneasy and in danger.
- impossible to disentangle or separate.
- Lay or bury in or as if in a sepulcher.
- A length of thread or yarn, loosely coiled and knotted.
*V: The rest of the inconveniences
So Quasimodo was an accomplice to the attempted abduction of Esmeralda?
- I can’t really wrap my head around this. I think this is another case of my connection to the version of story I know making my expectations unrealistic. This happened to me with the book Wicked. I’m so glued to the Disney version of Quasimodo that its hard for me to imagine he would help to kidnap Esmeralda.
Why is he still in the gutter?
- I know Gringoire was injured when trying to save Esmeralda. However once his head stopped spinning he should be trying to climb out of the nasty muddy gutter!
- A person in charge of of a sacristy and its contents.
*VI: The Broken Jug
Tota via, cheminum et viaria
- For throughout the march, and laden with cheminum.
Salve, salve, maris stella!
La buona mancia, signor!
This sounds like a nightmare!
- Being chased then surrounded in a dark labyrinth of Alleys with terrifying people closing in on you! eek!
- When you do something in an ordinary, straightforward way.
- Characterized by or given to drunken revelry, riotously drunken.
- An ancient time- measuring device worked by a flow of water.
Wow! Gringoire is very lucky!
- Esmeralda came out of nowhere and saved his behind! I wonder how serious they take marriage if they do it so casually and quickly. Is she really stuck with him for life or can he just leave and never go back to the court of miracles ?
*VII: A wedding night
- In Greek Mythology, is the deep abyss that is used as a dungeon of torment and suffering for the wicked and as the prison for the Titans.
- (Of a mythical animal) formed from parts of various animals.
Esmeralda is not having it!
- Esmeralda is not tolerating any of Gringoires advances. He was playing out this whole romantic scenario in his mind but she only “married” him to save his life. I love how strong and independent she is!
- Too great or extreme to be expressed or described in words.
- The Eurasian Reed Warbler, or just Reed Warbler is an old world warbler in the genus Acrocephalus. It breeds across Europe into the temperate western palearctic. It is migratory, wintering in sub-Saharan Africa.
- A tendency to use few words to express a great deal.
- The quality of having or showing great knowledge or learning; scholarship.
- A 1752 novella by the French philosopher and satirist Voltaire.
- Of or belonging to the time before the biblical flood.
Quce mole sua terrorem incutit spectantibus
- Which are by their mass, fill you with dread, belonging.
- Childebert I was a Frankish King of the merovingian Dynasty, as third of the four sons of Clovis I who shared the kingdom of the Franks upon their fathers death in 511. He was one of the sons of Saint Clotilda, born at Reims. He reigned as king of Paris from 511 to 558 and Orleans from 524 to 558.
- Was the ruling family of the Franks from the middle of the 5th century until 751. They first appear as “King of the Franks” in the roman army of northern Gaul. By 509 they had united all the Franks and norther Gualish Romans under their rule.
- Also known as clotide, clothilde, Clotild, rotilde etc… was a princess of the Kingdom of Burgundy. She was supposedly descended from the Gothic King Athanaric and became the second wife of the Frankish king Clovis I in 493.
- A container for holy relics.
- Was a military hospital. Closed in 2016.
- A thing belonging or appropriate to a period other than that in which it exists, especially a thing that is conspicuously old- fashioned.
- Another term for Carolingian.
- Relating to the Frankish dynasty, founded by Charlemagne's father (pepin III) that ruled in western Europe from 750 to 987.
- Smear or daub with a sticky substance.
- Be dazzled by the 1,113 stained glass windows at this jewel of the Rayonnant Gothic period.
- Honore Gabriel Riqueti, count of Mirabeau was a leader of the early stages of the French Revolution. A noble, He had been involved in numerous scandals before the start of the revolution in 1789 that had left his reputation in ruins.
- Marus Vitriuvius Pollio, commonly known as vitruvius, was a Roman author, architect, civil and military engineer during the 1st century B.C. Known for his multi-volume work entitled de architectura.
- An island in the venetian lagoon in northern Italy.
- An ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia, three Km southwest of present day Selcukinizmir province, Turkey.
- The Ionian islands are part of Greece and lie off the country’s west coast, in the Ionian Sea. The nothern most island, Corfu, has an old town with renaissance, baroque and classical architecture. Corfu also features the 19th century liston, a promenade on the central square with arcades and Cafes. The 15th century old fortress is nearby. The palace of St. Micheal and St. George is home to the museum of Asian art.
Abbey at Tournus
- In the 2nd century, Saint Valerien converted the people of Tournus to Christianity before dying a martyr. An abbey was funded near his grave.
Cathedral at Bourges
- A Roman catholic church located in Bourges, France. The cathedral is dedicated to Saint Stephen and is the seat of the archbishops of Bourges.
William the Conqueror
- William I was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1807. He was a descendant of Rollo and was Duke of Normandy from 1035 onward.
I feel like I’m falling asleep in this chapter.
- It is all facts about the architecture of Notre Dame. It adds completely nothing to the actual story. I wasn’t aware I had signed up to study architecture.
Abbey of Saint Germain
- Is a parish church located in the Saint- Germain- des- pres quarter of Paris. Founded by Childebert I in the 540′s as the Abby Sainte- Croix- Saint- Vincent, by the middle of the 8th century it had taken on the name Saint Germanus, the man appointed bishop of Paris by Childebert and later canonized.
- Hermeticism, also called Hermetism is a religious, philosophical, and esoteric tradition based primarily upon writings attributed to Hermes Trismegistus. These writings have greatly influenced the western esoteric tradition and were considered to be of great importance during both the renaissance and the reformation.
- The purported author of the Hermetic Corpus, a series of sacred texts that are the basis of Hermeticism.
Church of St. Jacques de la Boucherie
- This 52-metre flamboyant gothic tower is all that remains of the former 16th century church of St Jacques de la Boucherie which was demolished in 1797, during the French revolution, leaving only the tower.
- A stylized picture of an object representing a word.
- Another term for antiquarian.
- Relating to or dealing in antiques or rare books.
- A substance or thing that remains or is left behind, in particular, a chemical residue.
- A deposit of clay, silt, sand, and gravel left by flowing streams in a river valley or delta typically producing fertile soil.
Pendent opera interrupta
- A commune in the metropolitan area of Paris, France. It is located 48.1 Km south- Southwest from the center of Paris. Etampes is a sub- prefecture of the Essonne department. Etampes, together with the neighboring communes of morigny- Champigny and Briers- Scelles, from an urban area of 26,604 inhabitants.
- The part of a church near the altar, reserved for the clergy and chior, and typically separated from the nave by steps or a screen.
*II: Birds Eye View
Julian the Apostate
- Was Roman emperor from 361 to 363, as well as a notable philosopher and author in Greek. His rejection of Christianity, and his promotion of Neoplatonic Hellenism in its place, caused him to be remembered as Julian the Apostate by the Christian church.
- A persons facial features or expression, especially when regarded as indicative of character or ethnic origin.
There are a lot of unnecessary chapters in this book.
- I have no interest in the architecture of Notre Dame or the city layout of Paris.
- A French lawyer and man of letters. By his own account he was born in Paris on June 7 1529, but according to others he was born in 1528. He was called to the Paris bar in 1549.
Hotel de Cluny
- Was constructed in 1480, on the ruins of Roman Thermes from the 4th century, as the temporary Paris residence for the abbots of the clungy order.
Baths of Julian
- More correctly termed the Thermes, formed part of a Roman palace probably erected during the reign of the emperor Hadrian, and later patronized by the emperor Julian.
- Is a building in the Latin quarter of Paris which from 1253 onwards housed the college of Sorbonne, part of one of the first universities in the wold, later renamed university of Paris and commonly known as “the Sorbonne.”
- Severus the great of Antioch, also known as sevenus of Gaza, was the patriarch of Antioch, and head of the Syriac orthodox church from 512 until his death in 538. He is venerated as a saint in the oriental orthodox church, and his feast day is 8 February.
- Is a 34.6 Km long river of the ile-de-France region that flows into the Seine in Paris. The name may refer to the archaic French word bievre meaning “beaver”.
- A commune in the far south of the Gard department in southern France. It was known as posquieres in the middle ages. The commune comprises the town of Vauvert and the villages of Gallician and Montcalm.
- Have been used for millennia to turn objects made from clay into pottery, tiles, and brick. Various industries use rotary kilns for pyro-processing.
- A strong, heavy grating that can be lowered down grooves on each side of a gateway to block it.
- Was an Aulerci elder and leader of the 52 BC coalition of the Seine peoples according to Caesar. He put a scorched earth policy in place, burning Lutetia then trying to ensnare Titus Labienu’s troops. He died in the battle of Lutetia. The Rue Camulogene in Paris is named after him.
- Enclosed or fortified with a palisade.
- A fence of wooden stakes or iron railing fixed in the ground, forming an enclosure of defense.
- Provide (A wall of a building) with battlements.
- Liquor is a 16.5% abv raspberry liquor modelled after a liquor produced in the Lore valley of France during the late 17th century. The Chambord product brand had been owned and produced by the Brown-Forman corporation since 2006.
- Is a place and fortress complex located in Granada, Andalusia, Spain.
- In Greek mythology, Daedalus was a skillful architect and craftsman, and was seen as a symbol of wisdom, Knowledge, and power.
- A small region of the cerebral cortex located deep within the lateral sulcus, which is a large fissure that separates the frontal and parietal lobes from the temporal lobe.
- Is a commune in the meuse department in Grand EST in northeastern France. It is home to the Meuse- Argonne American memorial.
- A passage, especially at the end of an aria or movement, to be performed in quicker time.
- (Especially as a direction) with all voices or instruments together.