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#mining
whetstonefires · 5 months ago
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store-brand baking soda packaging: NON-GMO
for sure i stared at the wall for a couple of minutes, trying to construct a scenario in which baking soda--a chemically processed form of the more ancient 'washing soda' aka soda ash, produced commercially in a couple of different ways but all of them based on mining--would ever be derived from a genetically modified organism.
like, i get it, it's free positivity, it's like seizing the opportunity to be like 'gluten free apples! :DDDD' like there's any other kind but. just.
the sci-fi industrial scenarios implied by the assurance that no genetic modification was involved in the production of this mineral from out of the ground. i'm
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70sscifiart · 2 months ago
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Richard Corben, 1972
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architectureofdoom · 14 days ago
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A coal mining facility sits behind headstones in a graveyard in Graysville, Pennsylvania.
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mysteryfleshpit · 8 months ago
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Experiences of a Flesh Pit Mine Worker
Dear Brandon,
  I’m writing you back about your Career Report Project for school. I hope you find my response satisfactory; it’s my experience, and it’s all true.
I was 17 when I signed on with the company to work a full tour. The money they promised for 9 months of work was more than I could have made in a lifetime in any other career; I was a shitkicking dropout from Hobbs.
Most people already know that the real money is made in pumping up Ballast, but they have it automated to the point where you only need someone to babysit the equipment. What a lot of people don’t know is that there are a bundle of other minerals, gels, gases and oozes that are worth more than their weight in gold for their “Myriad Industrial Applications”. The big three are “Blue” (Blue Tissue), “Pearls” (Corpusite), and “Black Bone” (Oscuralite). Our rig was outfitted to hunt for pearls; great crystalline spheres that were two to fifteen feet wide, hard as diamond, smooth and clear as glass, with an otherworldly iridescent shimmer. They are embedded in different ways deep down in the Pit, and to get to them you have to cut, trudge, push and crawl through miles and miles of muscle and guts and cartilage and bone that are fighting you the whole way. That’s where we make our paychecks.
  A full mining crew is 18 men (and yes, it’s pretty much always men), which includes 2-3 mining engineers, a medic, 2 mechanics, a venterial tech, 2 company men to oversee everything, and 10 hired hands like me. You sign up for nine months at a time, split up into three-month stints with two-week breaks in between.
  Down in the flesh, your home and lifeline during those dark months is a Mining Rig: a huge machine almost as big as a neighborhood street, bristling with tools and racks and sensors and floodlights. The insides are tight and cramped: our crew medic had been a submariner for eight years and had told us that the sub he served on was more spacious. Still, compared to being outside the rig, out in the raw Pit, the cramped bunks felt like luxury.
  Ideally, the Rig cuts as it goes, leaving a burnt cauterized path through the meat while also crushing and processing any minerals in runs through. In the real world, the Pit isn’t uniform, and you end up running into all kinds of “Obstacles Requiring Interventional Solutions”, or the brass up top decide that they don’t want you just cutting through certain parts of the anatomy. So you suit up and get out ahead of the rig to poke and prod and pry at a walking pace, 8 hours a day for weeks at a time. Rigs have big hydraulic arms that reach forward and push, lift, and splay open organs or muscle bundles before us roustabouts would go in and suck up or hose out any blood, cut tendons, cauterize tissue, rinse, and repeat.
  Because the methods for finding thing like Pearls are based on shaky science at best, a lot of time was spent probing around until you found paydirt. When you’d find a decently sized cluster, we’d set up camp and would go about breaking them down. The Rigs have a huge mining laser they can use to free up any gigantic pearls or black bone clusters, but most of the time you’re out there with big tools to break them free.
  My position had been vacated the year before because the hand got crushed under a tissue catchment "bucket" (think giant, steel-walled tray weighing half a ton used to catch slop and other meat before it falls on your working area), and he bled out because it took hours for an ambulance to get out to the location. In the nine months I worked that rig, I had a few very close calls to getting crushed. What keeps you from being crushed by the weight of all of the “body” above you is a mess of cabling and fold-out frames connected to a fifty-thousand pound counterweight. After an eight hour shift of "scope pulling" (meaning removing all the length of an endoscope pipe from probe line), I got a bit careless and was hitching my tongs to the pipe while the it was still in motion. The idea being that it shaved a few seconds per disconnection, and it added up over a long shift. What I forgot is that near the head of the endoscope, the pipe diameter changed by 2 inches. The rig operator was pulling full speed when the larger pipe came back, and my tongs grabbed the pipe and suddenly launched backwards. I held on to the tongs and it jerked me a couple feet back and I let go. The heavy tong cable went taut and the operator stomped on the brakes at the same time, and the whole thing was jerked to a sudden halt. The huge tackle block was clanging around the whole cavity like a giant ringer in a bell and buckled one of the support frames. Everybody jumped clear and we ducked and braced with whatever we could until the rig stopped shaking. It was probably fortunate that we were near the end of the pull so there was only around three tons of backlash when it happened.
Most of the men I worked with had some sort of permanent injury, lost fingers, blown shoulders or knees, etc. The more experience, the more injuries. Even in our suits connected to refrigerated air, it was more than a hundred degrees and full saturation humidity. It’s pitch black everywhere down there, so you rely on your helmet lights, work lights, and the rig lights to be able to see, and they all give everything a sickly shine. Working down there isn’t at all like working in a cave or a mine: everything is wet, slippery, disgusting, and miserable. Nothing is flat or walkable, and you have to fight a feeling of raw animalistic terror every moment you’re out in it. Men weren’t meant to be down there in the innards of a monster, but I figure that’s why the company pays people what they do.
  I finished up my contract without injury and for that I consider myself extremely lucky. I took the money and got an education; most people don’t consider it exciting work, but you’ll never find a more satisfied accountant. I never went back there, especially after the big accident they had in ‘07, but there are a lot of stupid kids that still do that kind of work. You sound like a smart kid: stay the hell away from it. That’s my Career Advice for you.
Let me know if you need anything else for your school report.
Thanks,
Andre Martinez
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scavengedluxury · 4 months ago
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Komló, 1955. From the Budapest municipal photography company archive.
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thesilicontribesman · 3 months ago
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Great Orme Prehistoric Copper Mines, Great Orme, Llandudno, Wales.
A visit to the world's largest prehistoric copper mines with over five miles of largely unexplored tunnels. Here children as young as three or four would have been involved in the extraction of materials to support the production of metalwork.
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quixoticanarchy · 9 months ago
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The Dwarves at Khazad-dum should not be blamed for delving “too deep” and disturbing the Balrog, given that their intensive mithril mining was serving a largely external demand for mithril, especially from the Elves. Attributing the awakening of the Balrog and the downfall of Khazad-dum to the Dwarves’ greed is a simplistic and racist explanation that obscures the market pressures to which they were subjected in order to meet Elvish demands for the rare precious metal that they alone had access to. In this essay i will
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rubski02 · 6 months ago
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1st day mining!
The only reason Farmer has so many scars is bc she’s so bad at battling monsters lol She also enjoys the company of the adventurers guild folk :0 She misses her grandpa and now she has two more :)
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jinmuwon · a month ago
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An Essential Material for Electric Vehicles
Sponsored post: It is said that electric vehicles couldn't happen without lithium and a lot of it. In fact, energy storage systems, usually batteries, are essential for hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and all-electric vehicles. Let this be an eye-opener for you on how important lithium to EV story as well as an in-depth discussion of how useful lithium are.
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Vehicle electrification is now commonly accepted as a means of reducing fossil-fuels consumption and air pollution. At present, every electric vehicle on the road might be powered by a lithium-ion battery. Lithium-ion batteries also contain less toxic metals than other batteries, they are considered to be non-hazardous waste.
In addition, lithium-ion batteries are currently used in nearly all portable consumer electronics such as cell phones and laptops because of their high energy per unit mass relative to other electrical energy storage systems. Check disclaimer on profile and landing page.
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gerbelleas · 4 months ago
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Gold: Then and Now
Sponsored Post:
As a major economic driver, gold mining seem to be becoming more and more in demand. Gold mining industries are said to contribute when it comes to infrastructure and utilities. With ethically mined source, the industry could face remarkable market potentials and success. As said, with the timeless worth of gold itself, who could not be interested with such industry? So, what is it really with gold that makes it so valuable? Here's a good post for you to see that might just explain enough of gold details as an industry>>
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Even during historical times, gold has been seen to be of great value. Regardless how other material things have their worth withered, gold has remained to be where it stands--classic inflation hedge. Isn't it amazing how gold could be that amazing, even the valued things one has could be considered or described as golden?
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Reserving enough gold through mining it could be very important when it comes to preparing the economic drive. Inflation could happen anytime it needs to. Actual value of gold as an inflation hedge could be hard to determine for the United States. But, just basing on historical researches, it could mean constant preciousness. Here's another information for you to see, and it could be good as gold! 
Check disclaimer on profile and landing page
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70sscifiart · a month ago
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Mobile Surface-Mining machines, by Colin Hay
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xenoplasm · 9 months ago
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OREGON FRIENDS, PLEASE HELP SAVE NATIVE BIODIVERSITY! STOP THE BASALT QUARRY AT LIBERTY HILL!
There’s a really special place of great conservation importance located northwest of Portland, just north of the small town of St. Helens, and it’s gravely threatened by the expansion of a basalt quarry. Before I continue, I think I need to explain what makes this site special.
A lot of people living in western Oregon today are unaware of this, but the Willamette Valley was once dominated by oak savanna. The valley bottomlands were a complex mosaic of wetland types, including shrub swamps and sphagnum bogs, and any upland areas with well-drained soils were oak savanna; large expanses of prairie with scattered oaks. The moist, shady douglas-fir forests that Oregon is known for today were historically confined to the coast range and to the western slope of the cascade mountains. Furthermore, the oak savanna was maintained through a system of prescribed burning by the Kalapuya, the indigenous people who once called the Willamette Valley home. This system of prescribed burns prevented encroachment by douglas-fir; white “doug fir” trees lack fire resistance until are very old, the native oak species, Quercus garryana, is highly resistant to fire, even at a relatively young age. The herbaceous plants that require oak savanna also tend to be fire-resistant, and some of them could be considered pyrophytes; they require periodic fires in order to thrive. Several of them are also edible; the Kalapuya maintained the oak savannas primarily to harvest the edible bulbs of Camas species (Camassia quamash and Camassia leichtlinii), but also because they attracted deer and elk, which were important sources of protein.
After European settlers showed up in the early 1800s, the Kalapuya were decimated by disease. In the 1850s, the people who remained were forced into ceding their land to the United States and rounded up into reservations, where they were nearly lost to a well-coordinated attempt at ethnocide by the federal government.
At this point, their lands had been almost completely lost to white settlers, who began to suppress the prescribed fires long before the Kalapuya were marched away to reservations. Camas fields, which require wet soil in winter and spring (Camassia leichtlinii essentially requires seasonal wetland conditions), were ditched and drained, and the douglas-fir slowly but surely crept into the oaks. Later, once the value of douglas-fir as timber was fully realized, this trend was accelerated by deliberate planting of douglas-fir trees. Much later, in the 1900s, extensive urbanization began to eat away at what remained of native Oregon prairies and oak savanna.
Today, only about 5% of the original extent of oak savanna remains in Oregon. And most of that 5% is in need of restoration or has already lost the great majority of its native species. The very best remnant oak savanna I’ve personally seen still retained a number of plant species that I’d never seen before in person, but was suffering from invasive species brought in by a quarry that was started nearby. And that’s the unfortunate part; because some of the better remnant oak savanna occurs on basalt outcrops in the foothills of the coast range, it is also vulnerable to quarrying.
Which is where Liberty Hill comes in. Liberty Hill is a mosaic of camas meadows, oak woodland, and wetlands occurring on a large basalt outcrop overlooking the Columbia River. I have not visited Liberty Hill in person, but from the photos I have seen, it has somehow escaped the abuses of the last century and also retained its herbaceous plant species, including many species that have become extremely rare in the northern Willamette Valley. I have attached a link to the iNaturalist observations for vascular plants on Liberty Hill and the surrounding area so that other people can see what grows there.
Sadly, Liberty Hill is private land, owned by Weyerhauser. Weyerhauser has leased the land to Knife River, a building materials company that operates other basalt quarries in western Oregon. Predictably, Knife River has submitted a mining permit application to mine out a part of Liberty Hill. The details of how the quarry would affect Liberty Hill are available in the links below, but it would essentially be a lost cause if it were quarried. The hydrology would be changed drastically, causing wetlands to dry out sooner, and these types of operations typically result in the introduction of invasive species, clinging to heavy machinery as seeds hidden in dry mud carried between worksites.
The public comment period for the mining permit is ending TODAY, 3/3/21; if any of my followers on Tumblr could please consider sending an email comment, it would really help. If you have time, writing a unique comment is far more effective than copying the suggestions in the links below. If you don’t like the comment suggestions offered, here are some that I have thought of:
-  Seasonal wetlands are important amphibian habitat for red-legged frogs and western toads
-  Native pollinators require native plants; this is one of the last strongholds for some of these plants in northwestern Oregon
-  Liberty Hill is a time capsule of what western Oregon once was; it is an important reference for restoring similar sites
Finally, your email comments must include the REFERENCE NUMBER FOR THE PERMIT APPLICATION and the commenters REAL NAME and ADDRESS
To make it easier, I have copied the correct email address and project name/reference number below, as well as a simple heading for you to include in the body of the email comment:
Email address: Caila.M.Heintz@usace.army.mil
Email subject box: Public Comment For: Watters Quarry Expansion (NWP-2020-065) 
Email text (below this line):
Name: [real name]
Address: [real address]
LINKS FOR MORE INFO:
General Info: https://www.oregoncamas.com/conservation
Comment Period Info: https://www.oregoncamas.com/pending-removal-mining-permit
Army Corps of Engineers Mine Application:
https://www.nwp.usace.army.mil/Missions/Regulatory/Notices/Article/2490987/nwp-2020-065/
List of Vascular Plant Observations (iNaturalist): https://www.inaturalist.org/observations?nelat=45.87331367450567&nelng=-122.80286164270085&place_id=any&swlat=45.865096152803716&swlng=-122.83923955037328&taxon_id=211194&view=species
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urbanrelicsphotography · 3 months ago
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SLATE FACTORY
The slate deposit in this region has been known since the 16th century and concentrated around eight basins in the Belgian Ardennes. The company that operated this quarry was founded in 1895. Originally, it was mined in the open air around 1830 and only went underground after the First World War. The first mine shaft was only 40 meters deep, but it was later extended to a depth of 170 meters. From then on, the mine had to be equipped with a ventilation shaft.
The growing success allowed the company to acquire several smaller mining companies. However, the intensifying competition from Spain forced the Belgian slate companies to join forces. This is how INARBEL (Industries Ardoisières de Belgique) was created in the early 1970s. This merger was finally dissolved ten years later, in 1983. Each site regained its independence, but it was not until 1986 that operations resumed on this site. A new company is born under the name Ardoisières de Martelange SA. New machinery was installed to allow the company to diversify by concentrating its production on slate slabs rather than roof slates.
That same year, the company took over a slate quarry in Luxembourg. According to the forecasts, this expansion would allow a doubling of production. However, the cost of this expansion was immense and the company ran into serious financial difficulties. It was bought in 1990 by a Luxembourg entrepreneur, but failed to get out of financial difficulties. Bankruptcy was announced in 1995, one hundred years after its founding. 
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probablyasocialecologist · 2 months ago
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Producing metal by growing plants, or phytomining, has long been tipped as an alternative, environmentally-sustainable way to reshape – if not replace – the mining industry. Of 320,000 recognized plant species, only around 700 are so-called “hyperaccumulators,” like Kinabalu’s P. rufuschaneyi. Over time, they suck the soil dry of metals like nickel, zinc, cobalt, and even gold.
The idea of phytomining was first put forth in 1983 by an agronomist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture named Rufus L. Chaney. Other research groups before the Malaysia team have shown that the solar-powered and carbon-neutral metal extraction process works in practice — a key step to winning over mining industry investors, who have insisted on field trials of several acres to show proof of principle. The most recent data out of Kinabalu Park, a UNESCO-listed heritage site located on the island of Borneo, is finally turning industry heads, as they shows the scales have tipped in favor of phytomining’s commercial viability.
“We can now demonstrate that metal farms can produce between 150 to 250 kilograms of nickel per hectare (170 to 280 pounds per acre), annually,” said Antony van der Ent, a senior research fellow at Australia’s University of Queensland whose thesis work spurred the Malaysia trial. At the midpoint of that range, a farmer would net a cool $3,800 per acre of nickel at today’s prices – which, van der Ent added, is “on par with some of the best-performing agricultural crops on fertile soils, while operating costs are similar.”
“At this stage, phytomining can go full-scale for nickel immediately, while phytomining for cobalt, thallium, and selenium is within reach.”
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scavengedluxury · 17 days ago
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Gravel mine, Budapest, 1970. From the Budapest Municipal Photography Company archive.
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Two Yanomami boys drown in Brazilian river used by illegal gold miners
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[Image description: a Yanomami Indian follows agents of Brazil's environmental agency in a gold mine during an operation against illegal gold mining on indigenous land, in the heart of the Amazon rainforest, in Roraima state, Brazil April 17, 2016.]
Two Yanomami children drowned in a river on their reservation where illegal gold miners operate a dredger, an indigenous leader said on Thursday, alleging the boys were sucked into the machine as they bathed.
Rescue divers flown in by helicopter recovered the body of a 7-year-old boy hours after a 5-year-old had been found drowned in the Parima river near the village of Makuxi Yano in northern Brazil.
Roraima state fire and rescue officials said in a statement that the indigenous community told them the boys were carried away by the river's currents, without mentioning the dredging machine. A state government official, speaking on the condition of anonymity, said police would investigate the cause of death.
Dario Kopenawa, vice president of the Hutukara Yanomami Association, said via social media that the boys were playing in the river on Tuesday when they disappeared after getting too close to a dredger about 300 meters (yards) from their village.
Continue reading.
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architectureofdoom · 24 days ago
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A coal mine in Datong, China.
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