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25 October 1755–François-Joseph Lefebvre, future Marshal of France, is born.

He was educated by his uncle, a village priest, who taught him to write a good hand, a smattering of Latin, and enough piety always to make his “act of grace” before going into action. He enlisted in the French Guard when eighteen, gradually working his way up to regimental sergeant major and marrying a happy-souled laundress…. The Revolution made him an instructor of the Paris National Guard, then a general of brigade in 1793, of division in 1794. By 1797 he was handling the equivalent of a corps. The Directory, fearful of a counterrevolution and considering Lefebvre utterly trustworthy, put him in command of the Paris garrison in 1799. It missed the fact that Lefebvre had had a bellyful of the Directory’s neglect of its armies. When Napoleon launched his coup d’état, Lefebvre joined him to “throw the lawyers into the river.” Most of Lefebvre’s subsequent service was with the Old Guard. He always had a Germans accent, a loud voice, and a sergeant’s vocabulary, but he looked after his men as if they were his own children. He exhibited a simple, amazed pride in his late good fortune; when a friend admired his dress uniform, Lefebvre replied that it should be handsome—he had been working on it for thirty-five years! Lefebvre was an outstanding “general of execution,” an excellent tactician and leader of men, but when given a semi-independent mission he was apt to go looking for a head to hit, regardless of orders. “There is such imbecility in Lefebvre’s correspondence,” Napoleon wrote in 1809, “that I can’t comprehend it; I hope [General] Merlin will rejoin him and teach him how to read.”…. Coming out of Russia, Lefebvre kept his head and heart as far as Vilna. There, he had to leave his dying son, and his courage snapped. Summoned back to command the Old Guard in January 1813, Lefebvre answered: “… all his lost for me. I go to hide myself… I take with me my wife who had totally lost her wits… I don’t want to see another soldier… Pardon my scribble.” Lefebvre had no command in 1813; in 1814 he was attached to imperial headquarters and joined the marshals’ mutiny: “Did he believe that when we have titles, honours and lands, we will kill ourselves for his sake?” Yet after Waterloo he called for one battle more.

-John R.Elting, Swords Across a Throne: Napoleon’s Grande Armée

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I did this for my history presentation about Napoleon to go with my thesis why he was one of the most important Europeans to have ever lived, i mean putting his brother joseph on the throne of spain destabilize the south american spanish colonize which then started fighting for freedom (people were fighting before but numbers increased), or pathing the way for the german unification by making 50 states out of 300, or numbering houses, or kidnapping the pope twice granted the first time the pope died but the second time he came free (after Napoleon lost and the russians freed him but still)


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And here are some pages i made and no im not a elementary school kid i actually have a graphic designer as a course lmao our teacher said give everything a personal note and when i asked if i can design it after a “slambook” the teacher said go wild and ao i did

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25 October 1772–Géraud Christophe Michel Duroc, future Grand Marshal of the Palace under Napoleon, and one of Napoleon’s closest friends, is born.

He came from an improverished old family of Lorraine, was three years younger than Napoleon, slim and above average height, with dark hair and dark prominent eyes. From military academy he joined Napoleon as aide-de-camp on the first Italian campaign. Napoleon was struck by Duroc’s exceptionally sweet nature, his beautiful manners, and the patience he himself lacked. So he employed his friend as a diplomat and when he became Emperor chose him to run the household and court…. Duroc was the best type of soldier-courtier: loyal and hard-working. But he had his hands full ensuring the grocer did not overcharge for the Chambertin, since Napoleon would be sure to notice, and, as Napoleon put on weight, tactfully persuading the Imperial Tailor not to make new clothes but to let out the old ones a couple of inches. He also had to make peace when Napoleon lost his temper…. He did this admirably, because he was devoted to Napoleon. Many a time, when the Emperor had hurt a visitor with a sharp word, Duroc would murmur on the way out: “Forget it. He says what he feels, not what he thinks, and not what he’ll do tomorrow.”

—Vincent Cronin, Napoleon Bonaparte: An Intimate Biography

To the Empress Marie-Louise the day after Duroc’s death in May of 1813, a grief-stricken Napoleon wrote that Duroc “was a friend of twenty years’ standing. Never did I have occasion to complain of him, he was never anything but a comfort to me.”

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1798 cartoon of Vice Admiral Nelson by James Gillray. Entitled ‘The British Hero Cleansing the Mouth of the Nile’, the illustration purports to be a representation of the British victory over France in the Battle of the Nile. The battle, which raged for three days, was a part of Napoleon Bonaparte’s failed Mediterranean campaign.

yoursonsandyourhusbands2
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21 October 1757–Pierre Augereau, future Marshal of France, is born in Paris.

A soldier of misfortune who followed the wars across Europe or scraped a living as a fencing master. He would swear to service across the hills and as far away as Russia, but probabilities take him no farther than Prussia and Naples. He definitely learned Prussian drill and discipline…. Marbot remembered his powdered hair, long queue, and gleaming boots—so different from his slovenly fellow officers…. His men called him “the Big Prussian” because of the thoroughness with which he trained, disciplined, and looked after them. In Spain and Italy he proved a fine infantry tactician, with a swaggering courage equal to any danger…. He was an energetic but unskilled looter, having a weakness for the large and gaudy; his baggage wagon was famous as a mobile treasury…. As a marshal, he no longer looted. He served well through 1805-7, though his health was failing. At Eylau, sick and worn out, he strapped himself to his saddle and went forward into choking snow squalls, artillery crossfires, and surges of Russian cavalry…. When Napoleon abdicated, Augereau issued a proclamation abusing him. On Napoleon’s return, Augereau tried to turn his coat again, but the Emperor struck him from the list of marshals…. Augereau has been caricatured by many writers. He was a bundle of contradictions—heroic in combat but sometimes a moral coward; an ingrate to Napoleon but kindness itself to others; greedy but openhanded. He was a good comrade and sought to be a gentleman.

—John R. Elting, Swords Around a Throne: Napoleon’s Grande Armée

Napoleon said of him on Saint Helena:

He was incapable of behaving; he had no education, a narrow mind, few manners; but he maintained order and discipline amongst his soldiers, who loved him. He knew how to divide his columns, set up his reserves; he fought boldly; but it all never lasted longer than the day: victorious or defeated, he was most often discouraged in the evening, which was due either to his disposition or to his lack of calculation and penetration.
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ikévamp guys playing among us (part 1)

Arthur: Extremely competitive and makes it hard on whatever side he’s not on in the match. Disguised Toast but with a near perfect accuracy rating on detective work (DT is good but if you sit through the full streams he’s not perfect). Excellent as impostor but sometimes can give himself away if the right person asks the right thing (MC: “you wouldn’t lie to Vincent would you?”) or if the game glitches and he can’t hide that someone saw his kill through a wall. Very good at gaslighting; can almost make you believe you killed someone if you throw sus on him for being the last seen with someone who just died. Loves being imposter with Theo. He and Theo are masters of the double kill, even when on opposite sides of the map. Tends to sabotage to cover Theo'a kills. Only kills mc when it will win them the game. Mains dark blue. Bonus: uses the hunter’s hat Stickmin pets.

Theo: Has no chill. When he’s impostor, Arthur, mc, or Shakespeare are always the first to go, though he’ll avoid putting mc in the position where it’s opportune for him to kill her (he a softie). Will never kill Vincent. If you’re impostors with him and Vincent is killed, he will get you voted off regardless of if it makes the crewmates win. Do not mess with his broer! As crewmate he sticks to Vincent as well, to make sure no one messes with him. It’s extremely hard to get Vincent when Theo is also playing. Both loves and hates being impostor with Arthur. He and Arthur are masters of the double kill, even when on opposite sides of the map. Tends to do kills while Arthur sabotages to cover him. Mains cyan. Bonus: wears the fedora and double top hat hats and uses the dog pet. Sometimes wears the black suit set.

Vincent: One of the “worst” players because he’s too nice. He doesn’t like killing when he’s the impostor, doesn’t like voting anyone off, and doesn’t like being told to choose between different players when it’s down to him, another crewmate, and an impostor. Gives everyone the benefit of the doubt even when a kill happens in front of him. Always does his tasks and is almost always with Theo (unless Theo is being an impostor elsewhere). Needs to be hard carried by his teammate when he’s impostor (Arthur and Theo are the only ones that are exceptionally good enough to make this really possible). Always has to tell Theo it’s just a game when someone kills him and Theo wants to beat them up, even though he himself still doesn’t like killing anyone and will apologize multiple times each day for at least a month if he does so. Mains yellow. Bonus: wears the angel halo.

Isaac: Good at crewmate, okay at impostor. Often sussed out quickly by Arthur or gaslighted into being thrown out when he’s actually a crewmate. Papi Leonardo and Big Bro Napo-kun both tend to protect him. Always tries to kill Arthur or Dazai when he’s impostor—it’s either well calculated and a success or a blundering sloppy mistake that nearly everyone sees on cams on in person. Can’t bring himself to kill mc because he doesn’t think it’s proper. He’d actually be very skilled at the game if not for Arthur and Shakespeare’s mind games. Always does his tasks in the most efficient order possible, and never goes into electric by himself (or with Arthur, Dazai, or Shakespeare). Mains pink. Bonus: wears the goat horns/devil horns and hamster pet.

Dazai: He’s that crewmate or impostor that will always throw sus around even when he knows someone is innocent for fun. Never does tasks unless the rest of the crew is dead and it’s all on him, though this isn’t consistent. If he’s killed early on as impostor he’ll sabotage to either help or hurt his fellow impostor depending on his mood. Tends to self report or walk over obvious bodies, leading his crewmates to think he’s an impostor when he’s not. Always fakes the wrong common task, but also does this as crewmate to throw off the crewmates and impostors as well. Will kill you during Simon Says task and then vent away. When partnered with Arthur they will camp sabotage areas like O2 and reactor for match-ending double kills. Goes AFK without mentioning it beforehand so people never know if he’s really there or not. Mains purple. Bonus: wears the “dum” sticky note, caution sign, or toilet paper hat.

Mozart: Finds the whole game stupid but won’t admit he gets really into it, especially when impostor. Will kill off every crewmate heartlessly and convince them to eject others. (Hey if he can’t do it in real life…) Works surprisingly well when impostors with Isaac, despite them not necessarily working together too well in real life. Does crewmate tasks in the most efficient order based on the map and length of time it takes to do them. Never does any tasks in electrical, and will never fix lights. Mains white. Bonus: wears the surgical mask.

Napoleon: Loves being impostor with his little bro Isaac. He will protect him if crewmate and watch out for him if he’s impostor, even if Isaac is not. Will always charm his way out of accusations and is good at throwing sus back at others so subtly that no one even remembers he’s being accused. Gets confused on most tasks so even when he’s impostor people know not to ask him what tasks he’s done. Is terrible at card swipe. Always is the first to emergency areas to get them fixed and help his comrades—I mean crewmates. Never remembers to wait for his kill cool down to finish before venting into rooms with others in there already, and tends to accidentally kill without realizing the lights have been fixed. Mains black and red. Bonus: he wears the wolf ears or military uniform.

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19 October 1813–The death of Prince Józef Poniatowski


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On the first day of the Battle of Leipzig (16 October 1813), Napoleon awarded Prince Józef Poniatowski his marshal’s baton after years of loyal and distinguished service. On the final day of the battle (19 October), the newly-minted marshal and his Polish troops were ordered by Napoleon to cover the retreat of the Grande Armée across the Elster. In the ensuing chaos as the Allies pressed their attack on Poniatowski’s rearguard, a French engineer prematurely blew up the bridge before the prince had been able to cross. Severely wounded, he drowned while struggling to swim across the river. His body was recovered several days later, and eventually buried in Wawel cathedral in Kraków.


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General Savary, Napoleon’s minister of police, would later write of Poniatowski that “It was impossible to be more brave than was this prince: impetuous, magnanimous, and always amiable, he was as much esteemed by those against whom he combated, as regretted by the party whom he served.” Napoleon would describe him as “a noble character, full of honor and bravery.”

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18 October 1753: the birth of Jean-Jacques-Régis de Cambacérès, future Arch-Chancellor of the First Empire.

Though born into a noble family, Cambacérès became a supporter of the ideals of the French Revolution, and served as a representative of the department of Hérault in 1792. A moderate republican, during the trial of Louis XVI he voted in favor of the King’s guilt but opposed his execution. He carefully avoided embroiling himself in factionalism, though his background in the law rendered his services useful to the various factions as the Revolution evolved. He helped to craft much of the legislation of the revolutionary period and would continue to do so under Napoleon.

He supported Napoleon Bonaparte’s coup of 18 Brumaire, and was appointed Second Consul by Napoleon in 1799. He was one of the most essential figures in the forming of what would come to be known as the Napoleonic Code, France’s first modern legal code, which would be enacted in 1804. He remained moderate in his politics, in general opposing Napoleon’s ever-broadening powers, but the Emperor valued his abilities enough to continue promoting him, first to Arch-Chancellor of the Empire in 1804, and, in 1808, naming him the Duke of Parma and a prince of the Empire.

In his private life, he was known for his opulent living and extravagant dinners. He was a lifelong bachelor and openly homosexual. Napoleon was aware of the Arch-Chancellor’s inclinations and occasionally engaged in good-natured teasing about Cambacérès’s lack of interest in women, but otherwise seems to have been indifferent on the subject.

After Napoleon’s downfall, the fact that Cambacérès had opposed the execution of Louis XVI largely contributed to his merciful treatment. His full citizenship rights were restored in 1818, and he spent a quiet retirement in Paris until his death on 8 March 1824.

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I love how Adam Zamoyski, a certified historian and author, compared Napoleon invading Russia to someone trying to get their girlfriend back by burning her house down and beating her up. He really did sit in burning Moscow waiting for Alexander to crawl back with peace only for the latter to leave him on read. And his marshals were like dude let it go, he’s not coming, forget this bitch. And I find this funny as hell

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