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#national defence

“Les Hommes Rouges de la Bauxite au Service de la Défense Nationale,”  Regards. No. 298. September 28, 1939.

En temps de guerre l'industrie française ne doit enrichir personne

AU cours de ces dernières années, la classe ouvrière française a mené une lutte acharnée pour limiter les appétits démesurés des trusts capitalistes et améliorer les conditions d'existence des travailleurs. Longtemps avant la mobilisation des sacrifices nombreux, pas toujours justifiés, furent demandés au monde du travail, au nom de la défense nationale!

Depuis la mobilisation générale de nouveaux sacrifices financiers sont exigés du peuple travailleur. Le 6 septembre, un décret paru à l'Officiel établissait le régime du travail dans toutes les industries œuvrant pour la défense nationale. Aux termes de ce décret, dorénavant les ouvriers travailleront 45 heures et ne toucheront leur salaire que pour 40 heures. Cela constitue une diminution de 12 %.

Pour les heures supplémentaires, à partir de la 46 heure, elles ne seront rétribuées qu'à raison de 75 du nouveau taux horaire, obtenu avec la diminution précédente de 12. De plus, avec tous les travailleurs de l'arrière, ils subiront au titre de la contribution nationale extraordinaire un prélèvement, qui sera, selon les cas, de 4 ou 15. Remarquons que, contrairement à d'autres formes d'impôts destinés à frapper des catégories sociales plus riches, aucune fraude ne sera possible et les prélèvements seront rigoureusement opérés. Le devoir national est solidement ancré au cœur du peuple de France.

TÓUT les Français, sans distinction d’opinion, du Parti Communiste aux parties de droite, ont répondu comme il convenait à l'ordre de mobilisation. Lesmembres de leurs familles restés à Arrière sont aussi, décidés à fair tout leur devoir pour assurer le ravitaiement du front et la vie économique de l'arrière.

Les ceux à qui l'on a demandé de payîr l'impôt du sang au nom de la France et de la Liberté. Ceux à qui on uemande à l'arrière de supprimer un part de leur nécessaire voudraint dans le même temps avoir la certitude absolue qu'il n'est plus possible que de grands capitalistes, que de grands trusts profitent du malheii- public et réalisent des bénéfices immoraux. Ils voudraient avoir l'assurance que les sacrifices demandés au peuple ne profiteront qu'à la nation et que les marchés passés à une cadence nécessitée par l'état de guerre, en seront pas une source de nouveau revenus pour leurs adjudicataire.

D'aucuns, plus modestes, demandèrent que pour les sociétés les bénéfices soient strictement limités à un intérêt normal du capital social et non par rapport au montant des marchés conclus. Ce n'eût été que justice, l'accélération de la cadence du travail consentie par les ouvriers, les nombreuses heures supplémentaires à taux réduit ayant pour raison d'être les nécessités de la défense nationale et non d'assurer aux sociétés un volume d'affaires plus grand, par conséquent des bénéfices plus importants.

Il est d'ailleurs encore temps de donner satisfaction à l'opinion publique de l'avant et de l'arrière, dont le moral ne pourrait qu'être renforcé par une telle décision.

Nous publions ci-contre un reportage photographique sur une des industries-clés de la défense nationale, sans laquelle l'aviation ne serait pas ce qu'elle est : l'industrie de la bauxite. Les travailleurs de cette industrie, comme les autres, accomplissent leur devoir national. Avec les autres ils demandent que personne ne puisse échapper aux sacrifices.

Les combattants de la dernière qui connurent les profiteurs de guerre, ceux qui sont maintenant dans la ligne Maginot, ont le droit d'être sûrs qu'il n'y aura plus de profiteurs de guerre et qu'ils n'auront pas à répéter avec amertume la phrase célèbre d'Anatole France.

- Léon NOËL.

anatomy-lesson
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“Les mesures prises pour la défense de notre pays,” L’Illustration Nouvelle. October 18, 1939. Page 02.

Conférence d’un porte-parole du ministère de la Défense nationale

OTTAWA. Ont., 17. (B.U.P.). — Un porte-parole du ministère de la Défense a annoncé, ce soir, dans un discours irradié par tout le Canada que des filets contre les sousmarins et d'autres moyens de dé­fense oentre les contre-torpilleurs ont été ou sont actuellement posés dans les ports canadiens sur les côtes du Pacifique et de l'Atlantique.

Le porte-parole, dont l'identité est gardé secrète, a aussi déclaré que des unités navales et des avions de la R. C. A. F. patrouillent constamment les deux côtes. Cette émission était la première d'une série de causeries hebdomadaires sur les manoeuvres des forces armées canadiennes. Le ministre de la Défense, l'hon. Norman Rogers, qui a présenté le speaker, a déclaré que celui-ci demeurerait inconnu afin qu’il ne reçoive pas de publicité indue.

Au cours de son introduction. M. Rogers a dit que le Canada était prêt à assumer la pleine responsabilité de la protection de sa population, celle de ses enfants, afin de conserver son autonomie et celle d’autres pays. Il se peut qu’on nous critique pour agir ainsi, a dit M. Rogers, mais l'issue de la guerre ne peut être mise en doute. Le désir d'un peuple libre de conserver sa liberté doit l’emporter sur l'esprit de conquête et les armes de la crainte.“

Le speaker a fait mention au tout début de sa causerie des moyens de défense du pays, de la position géographique avantageuse du Dominion. Les extrémités est et ouest du pays sont bornées par deux océans et le nord par les ré­gions inhabitées de l’Arctique. Nous n'avons pas plus à nous inquiéter du sud. a-t-il dit, "parce que depuis plusieurs années, il n'est pas entré, même un instant, dans nos esprits que nous pourrions être attaqués de ce côté.”

Toutefois, malgré la position extrêmement avantageuse du Canada. a-t-il poursuivi, il n’en reste pas moins un problème défini de dé­fense locale et directe.

"Des avions ont déjà survolé sans arrêts des distances deux fois plus étendues que celle de l'Atlantique. On ne peut ignorer le rapport voulant qu’un navire de guerre ennemi transportant des avions navigue sur les mers”, a-t-il dit.

Le speaker a poursuivi en disant que pour protéger le pays de toute attaque, les trois unités des services de défense, la force aérienne, la marine et l'armée, ont tracé un plan de défense conjoint.

“Dès le début de la guerre”, a-til. “nos unités navales ont été rapidement  mobilisées. Plusieurs ont été transformées en torpilleurs, de même que leurs équipages ont été renforcés. Nos navires se sont employés immédiatement à des opé­rations de dragage de mines et à des patrouilles anti-sous-marines.

anatomy-lesson
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Jeb Babbin but should have been Stormin Normin
You know frankly, going to war without France is like going deer hunting without an accordion. You just leave a lot of useless noisy baggage behind.
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Published May 8, 2012

The irony of widespread cuts to the mental health staff at the Department of National Defence on the eve of Mental Health Awareness Week was not lost on me. As the date of Canada’s withdrawal from Afghanistan is pushed back again, now to 2014, we can expect more, not fewer, requests for help to cope with the trauma of the experience.

Several years ago, I carried out a scan of mental health and mental illness issues in Atlantic Canada for the Public Health Agency of Canada (Atlantic Branch). One of the key findings was that health and community services agencies needed to plan for the increase in the number of armed forces personnel experiencing post-traumatic stress.

This was because Atlantic Canada was disproportionately represented in the number of recruits in the armed forces going to Afghanistan.

When I spoke with health professionals, community advocates, and military family support services, they were quite concerned that we were not ready to deal with general needs, much less the specialized needs of this particular group.

I was more than shocked last week to learn that National Defence was reducing its counsellors, epidemiologists, and specialized teams for PTSD, as well as looking more closely at its policy branch responsible for analysis and tracking.

Something has to be done. In 2011, 20 soldiers committed suicide, up eight from the 12 who died in 2010. Though DND officials argue that the suicide rate is still less than the rate amongst the population as whole, you cannot escape the fact that people go to war zones to carry out the mandate of their government.  (Some advocates would argue that not going to war would also be effective in reducing the number of soldiers experiencing PTSD.)

At the same time that DND is implementing cuts to its mental health programming, the federal government, through its national Mental Health Commission, is planning to announce its long-awaited, extensively researched mental health strategy.

There are an estimated 6.7 million Canadians who live with poor mental health or mental illness. Stigma is still pervasive, and access to many supports and services is minimal. Waiting lists are long, even if one has means to pay out of pocket.

According to the Globe and Mail, the strategy, scheduled for release today, recommends an immediate injection of an additional $4 billion annually for mental-health care; implementation of psychological health and safety standards in the workplace; increased diversion of people with severe mental-health problems from justice and into care; and adoption of a “housing first” philosophy for people with mental illness.

The key takeaway from the new mental health strategy is its emphasis on the collaborative approach to addressing mental health and mental illness in Canada. Often relegated to the health system, mental health crosses all sectors. Mental health advocates have long pointed out that social services, housing, corrections, and education as well as the community sector need to be engaged in providing services and supports to people living with mental health issues.

What remains to be seen is whether we will see a change at the provincial levels. Though the federal government can coordinate a national approach, it is up to the provinces to deliver health services, as well as others in justice, community supports, employment and so on.

In light of DND’s retreat from mental health, and indeed, you can’t call it anything else but, there is a risk that mental health will once again move down the priority list, not just within the armed forces but elsewhere as well.

We need to ask ourselves: if we cannot help those who are willing to sacrifice their lives for the country, are we willing to help all those here who by their presence keep the fabric of our society whole and our communities vibrant?

— Martha Muzychka is a writer, researcher, and communications consultant based in St. John’s. Her bi-weekly column Social Notes appears in the St. John’s Telegram.

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Recently, in the industry of science and techniques of defence “ 11 five ” While purchasing the apparatus lectotype and calling for bid in E-government project, the serial networking products of sharp victory network rely on the service system of remarkable quality and completion, break out in the manufacturer outside numerous China, become major equipment supplier of engineering construction of E-government of the Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence.

In the purchase bidding of this network equipment, the Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence inherits the fair, just, open principle, have carried on rigorous selection to the products of all participation manufacturers. Information security is prerequisite and important content of the industrial informationization of the science and techniques of defence, so, the focal point that this bid investigates not merely stays and lies in single characteristic of the networking products oneself, regard safety of products and solution as the important reference condition of the lectotype even more. The sharp victory network is succeeded in entering by the security protective capacity of relying on outstanding quality and solution of serial networking products to be remarkable.

The industry of science and techniques of defence is a national strategic industry, use informationization to bring along the industrial manufacturing industry of the science and techniques of defence to develop, improve the industrial manufacturing industry level of the science and techniques of defence in an all-round way, it is the important means to realize industrial great-leap-forward development of the science and techniques of defence. So, industry has put the science and techniques of defence into increasingly many strength in information construction in recent years. On the basis of to the safety and consideration of products cost performance of the network system, when the industry of science and techniques of defence is choosing the cooperative partner, will often pay the utmost attention to the national brand. This time “ The E-government project of science and techniques of defence industry 11 five ” In the apparatus lectotype, the products of the selected sharp victory network mainly include exchanging, route and VOIP series products. As to this, the sharp victory network shows: Value the chance to cooperate with the Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence this time very much in sharp victory, before entering this time, information construction of sharp victory network already numerous success service China’s every profession and trade, the sharp victory is confident to serve and offer strong support and guarantee for E-government project of the Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence through the kind native country.

As the first brand of network equipment nationality, the sharp victory network has been since tenable, devoted to construction and development of China’s informationization all the time. At present, the sharp victory network obtains the achievement attracting people’s attention in trades such as the government, telecommunication, finance, medical treatment, education,etc.. Enter the industry of science and techniques of defence this time “ 11 five ” The engineering equipment lectotype of the E-government, the national brand influence of the sharp victory network will be promoted further.

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Wind river system company (Wind River) Claimed to put out VxWorks MILS Platform 2.0 a few days ago. This enhancement newly in VxWorks products family with leading industry, fully show that the river company is always devoted to meeting resolution of aviation and high-level safe demand of national defense industry outletting air.

VxWorks MILS Platform 2.0 has offered the operating system foundation of the strong robustness to customer and won the development environment that industry commends, can support aviation and national defense industry to construct many ranks safely (MLS) effectively Products. The new platform includes VxWorks runtime (runtime) Environment, make customers develop guard, downgrader and other highest safe rank can continue fully utilizing their original VxWorks technology resource and employing the program code at the assembly, but its environment of runtime has upgraded to the much more newly security system of the rank and got the high-level guarantee.

At present, a lot of famous companies, including companies such as Boeing, General Dynamics Advanced Information Systems, Lockheed Martin and Raytheon,etc., have already chosen to adopt VxWorks MILS Platform 2.0.

Wind river company VxWorks products marketing and strategy executive vice president Marc Brown show: “2.0 VxWorks MILS Platform high performance and ripe function to have solid and basal extremely, have experience of customer for 7 years because of our time and operating system of the space subregion, exceed in the 160 the intersection of aviation and the intersection of electronic product and project succeeding application in the whole world. Carrying on product development based on VxWorks MILS, the customer will experience a great deal of true benefits, including shortening, reducing of development cost and risk of development time,etc.. In addition one’s own the intersection of products and constitute being above the intersection of trade and comprehensive safe stable solution foundation high high leader offer such as the the intersection of wind and river, also make customers have firmer confidence to their one’s own end products. ”

VxWorks MILS Platform 2.0 main function characteristic includes:

*VxWorks MILS separates kernels, follows through what NIAP proves in an all-round way >( SKPP) Norm;
*Adopt High Assurance Environment technology, include simple and convenient independent kernel interface apt to use and safe communication module (SIPC) of some districts inside ,Support the application of customer of high insurance in the subregion directly, such as guard and downgrader;
*VxWorks Guest operating system in the subregion, allow to introduce into the application of Off-The-Shelf VxWorks directly;
*The river of wind improves and follows the network communication agreement technology with normal industry, including IPv4, UDP and TCP,etc.;
*Expansion support of goal driven and third party’s middleware;
*The industry leads and the development toolkit Wind River Workbench based on Eclipse technology.

VxWorks MILS Platform 2.0 relies on it and Common Criteria Evaluation Assurance Level (EAL) 6+ canonial high conformance and passing High Robustness (high robustness) Prove, ensure cooperative body national information under the the intersection of American and State Security Bureau The official side classifies as “ In Evaluation ” Rank. According to the description in SKPP is normal, one follows EAL6 + standard, the operating system that proves through High Robustness must be that “ one faces service of the system of the rank of key task and stable basic framework of height employed and designed ” .

VxWorks MILS Platform 2.0 adopted Type-1 virtual technology to construct, this technology stemmed from the products Wind River Hypervisor released in the same term. Wind River Hypervisor offers single kernel and virtual function of high performance of the polykaryon processor for a plurality of sector application, have guaranteed the maximization of system performance (by using the minimum subregion expenses) in VxWorks MILS systematic framework And deterministic the maximization ’ Disorderly through reducing the subregion) ,Promote failure isolation and repair ability at the same time ’ Through isolating visitor’s operating system and related application) . The virtual supervisory routine combines with nuclear security attribute in the whole VxWorks MILS independence, have formed MILS framework sufficient to offer the high-level safety guarantee.

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