philosophybits · a day ago
People who read much must always keep it in mind that life is one thing, literature another. ... It is a common belief, for example, that any writer who sings of suffering must be ready at all times to open his arms to the weary and heavy-laden. This is what his readers feel when they read his books. Then when they approach him with their woes, and find that he runs away without looking back at them, they are filled with indignation and talk of the discrepancy between word and deed. Whereas the fact is, the singer has more than enough woes of his own, and he sings them because he can't get rid of them.
Lev Shestov, All Things Are Possible
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freelance-philosopher · a day ago
I feel that from the very beginning life played a terrible conjurer’s trick on me. I lost faith in it. It seems to me that every moment now it is playing tricks on me. So that when I hear love I am not sure it is love, and when I hear gaiety I am not sure it is gaiety, and when I have eaten and loved and I am all warm from wine, I am not sure if it is either love or food or wine, but a strange trick being played on me, an illusion, slippery and baffling and malicious, and a magician hangs behind me watching the ecstasy I feel at the things which happen so that I know deep down it is all fluid and escaping and may vanish at any moment. Don’t forget to write me a letter and tell me I was here, and I saw you, and loved you, and ate with you. It is all so evanescent and I love it so much, I love it as you love the change in the days.
Anaïs Nin, The Diary of Anaïs Nin, Vol. 2: 1934-1939
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funeral · 2 days ago
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Jacques Derrida, Specters of Marx
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yoga-onion · 2 days ago
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The Quest for Buddhism (58)
Pratityasamutpada ��� the 12 links of conditioned arising - Part 3
From 7 to 12 causal branches continued as follows [See: 1 -6]:
7. Sensation – vedana is a Buddhist term referring to the sensing action of humans. It is the feeling of touch. The six senses come into contact with the six external sense organs through the six internal sense organs and sense them. Besides physical and physiological sensations such as 'hot' and 'painful', including those that are perceptually felt by the mind, such as suffering and pleasure. For example, feeling 'beautiful' when looking at nature.
8. Craving – trsna (tanha) is an important concept in Buddhism, referring to "thirst, desire, longing, greed", either physical or mental. The sanskrit word “trsna” is typically translated as craving, and is of three types: "craving for sensual pleasures", "craving for existence", and "craving for non-existence".Trsna is also mentioned in the 4 Sacred Truths, which state that it is the cause of suffering and that this causes living beings to repeat death and rebirth in the wheel of samsara.
9. Attachment– upadana means "fuel, material cause, substrate that is the source and means for keeping an active process energised". It is also an important Buddhist concept referring to "attachment, clinging, grasping". It is considered to be the result of trsna (craving), and is part of the dukkha (suffering, pain) dogma in Buddhism.
10. Feeling – bhava is the state of existence of a living being, the area of survival. It refers to the state in which sentient beings go through ‘trailokya’ in the cycle of samsara (reincarnation). Trailokya stands for the three realms that are the world of greed, the world of pure matter, free from desire(colour), and the world that transcends both desire and material conditions and dwells only in mental action (colourlessness).
11. Birth – Jati refers to the repeated existence of a person as a new life through samsara (reincarnation).
12. Old age and Death – Jaramarana stands for "old age" (jara) and "death" (marana). In Buddhism, jaramarana is associated with the inevitable decay and death-related suffering of all beings prior to their rebirth within samsara (cyclic existence).
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仏教の探求 (58)
十二因縁 (じゅうにいんねん、梵: プラティチャサムトパーダ)・その3
七〜十二の支分は以下の通りに続く(参照: 1〜6):
7. 受 (じゅ、巴・梵: ヴェーダナー)とは、人間の感受作用を意味する仏教用語。触れたことを感じることである。六識が六根を通じ六境に接触し、まずそれを感受すること。肉体的、生理的に感じる「暑い」「痛い」などの感じの他にも、「苦しい」「快い」などの、心で知覚的に感じるものも含んでいる。例えば、自然を見て「美しい」と感じること。
8. 渇愛 (かつあい、梵: トリシュナー、巴: ターナー)は仏教における重要な概念で、肉体的または精神的な「渇き、欲望、あこがれ、貪欲」を意味する。サンスクリット語の「トリシュナー」は、通常、渇愛と訳され、「官能的快楽への渇愛」、「存在への渇愛」、「非存在への渇愛」の3種類がある。さらに渇愛は四諦 (したい、梵: チャトゥル・アーリヤ・サティヤ、4つの聖なる真理の意)にも記されており、それは苦の原因であり、これによって生けるものは輪廻の輪において死と再生を繰り返すとしている。
9. 取 (しゅ、梵・巴: ウパーダーナ)とは「燃料、物質的な原因、活動的なプロセスを活気づける源や手段である基質」を意味する。 また「執着、しがみつき、把握」を指す重要な仏教概念であり、トリシュナー (渇愛)の結果と考えられ、仏教のダッカ(苦痛) の教義の一部となっている。
10. 有 (う、梵: バーバ)とは、とは、生きものの生存状態、生存領域。三界を衆生が輪廻していく状態を指す。三界とは「欲望の世界(欲界)」「欲望を離れた清浄な物質の世界(色界)」そして「欲望も物質的条件も超越し、ただ精神作用にのみ住む世界(無色界)」の三つの世界のこと。
11. 生(しょう、梵:ジャーティ)とは、サンサーラによって新しい生命として、繰り返し存在しつづけることを指す (輪廻転生)。
12. 老死 (ろうし、梵:ジャラマラナ)とは、ジャラマラナとは「老い(ジャラ)」と「死(マラナ)」のこと。すべての生き物がサンサーラ(循環する存在)の中で生まれ変わる前に避けられない衰えと死に関連する苦しみのこと。
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lazyyogi · a day ago
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disease · 13 hours ago
Even a particle of matter or wave of energy is indestructible, as science has proved; the soul or spiritual essence of man is also indestructible. Matter undergoes change; the soul undergoes changing experiences. Radical changes are termed death, but death or a change in form does not change or destroy the spiritual essence.
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tranquilmind · a day ago
(The attendant Ananda asked the Buddha:) O lord, how should we treat women?” “Don't look, Ananda.” “But what should we do if we do see them, O Lord Buddha?' “Do not speak to them, Ananda.” “Then what if I speak to her?’" “Ananda, in that case you should refrain.
(*This is the Buddha's instruction on the attitude that ordained persons should take towards the opposite sex.)
[Mahaparinirvana Sutra 5]
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mitchwagner · a day ago
In recent years I’ve become intrigued by the notion—which crosses science, philosophy, and mysticism—that intelligence, information, and consciousness might be properties of the universe, like mass and gravity. Even rocks and trees might in some way be said to be conscious and intelligent. 
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philosophybitmaps · a day ago
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“I am not well; I could have built the Pyramids with the effort it takes me to cling on to life and reason.” – Franz Kafka, Letters to Felice‎
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fiction-is-not-reality2 · 2 days ago
love your blog--do you have any philosophers who you recommend for beginners?
Hello nonnie!
Depends on how much of a beginner you are, and what your goal is.
Do you know close to nothing about philosophy as a concept itself? Then I guess any basic introductory and very general page/course will do. APA has a good explanatory page, where they also list a few major branches in philosophy. If one particular branch interests you more than others, you could research that one and then jump to the most prominent thinkers in that field. Alternatively, you could decide to follow a very introductory course on topics that are addressed in philosophy (from a contemporary lens, it seems), if videos work better for you.
If you just want to know "What even is philosophy?" then those two links would give you a good starting point, and you would only have to follow your curiosity after that.
If you already have some basics down (maybe from school, maybe from personal interest), then it would again depend on what your goal is. Do you want to know more about a specific philosophy branch, or go for a bird's-eye view? Which philosophical tradition are you interested in? Western philosophy is not Korean philosophy is not Chinese philosophy is not...
The Basics Of Philosophy offers a brief summary of the Western, Eastern, and African branches, on top of brief articles on a lot of points. Do note that the website is self-defined as "an entry-level resource by a layman for the layman" so it's not precise nor extensive, and could lead astray with inaccurate wording. It does offer a useful timeline that I would suggest following, though, by taking note of the names of philosophers and researching them on the side in order. Mainly because, if your intention is to know more than a few very general facts, then philosophy (in this case, Western philosophy) needs to be seen as a continuous conversation that we've been having for thousands of years. Philosophers constantly respond, react, and elaborate on philosophers they are peers with or that lived before them. Picking up a random philosopher and trying to understand them without knowing which path they're following and who came before them automatically means missing half of what they're saying and why*.
So just like you can't jump into the middle of a conversation expecting to understand what's going on, you have to go back to what's considered the start.
For Western philosophy, that would be Thales.
[*This doesn't mean that one needs to have studied 2000+ years of philosophy if they want to open their mouth. Philosophy is simply love for knowledge and wisdom (literal meaning), anyone who thinks things is a philosopher in their own right. But you also constantly risk reinventing the wheel if you know nothing about those who came before you, thinking about the same things and trying to answer questions and pose even more complicated ones.]
But if you still decide to jump to random points and people, make sure not to skip Parmenides, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Miss any of them, and the entire Western branch of philosophy (even contemporary) completely falls apart. Christianity also wouldn't fare much better, considering how they were throwing hands with Parmenides for the Nicene Creed ("begotten, not made") 800 years later.
This website doesn't have many articles, but the ones that are there are great intro summaries. I'd say, whenever you see that a certain philosopher from the timeline linked earlier is on this website, check out its related article. The one on Parmenides is on point, just like the one on Thales, who is very underrated and grossly simplified outside university.
This page is much more detailed, and requires more focus (lots of technical terms), but if you're up for something a bit more challenging, then it's good content. [They also have Aristotle, Philosophy of Language, and Introduction to Logic]
And while we talk of lecture notes, why not jump right in? Many universities and uni students will offer their lecture notes, and they're a goldmine. You can even google "philosophy lecture notes" and see where you end up.
Last but not least, not for the faint of heart, Standford Encyclopedia. Honestly, go here once you know what you're looking for, are revising something you have already studied on an academical level, or are accompanied by someone who can help you make sense of technical terms, or you're looking forward to hours of rabbit-hole research.
Philosophy is dizzyingly self-referential, so get those references down, and you'll start speaking the language.
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philosophybits · 2 days ago
Sincere words are never beautiful and beautiful words never sincere.
Laozi, Daodejing, Hinton tr. (Ch 81)
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freelance-philosopher · 2 days ago
It was a marvelous night, the sort of night one only experiences when one is young. The sky was so bright, and there were so many stars that, gazing upward, one couldn't help wondering how so many whimsical, wicked people could live under such a sky.
Fyodor Dostoevsky, White Nights
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funeral · 2 days ago
It haunts, it ghosts, it specters, there is some phantom there, it has the feel of the living-dead—manor house, spiritualism, occult science, gothic novel, obscurantism, atmosphere of anonymous threat or imminence. The subject that haunts is not identifiable, one cannot see, localize, fix any form, one cannot decide between hallucination and perception, there are only displacements; one feels oneself looked at by what one cannot see.
Jacques Derrida, Specters of Marx
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yoga-onion · 16 hours ago
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- A message from 23 nights temple -
“Happiness or misery depends on the state of your own mind.”
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disease · 8 hours ago
An inferiority complex is born of a secret awareness of real or imagined weaknesses. In trying to compensate for such weaknesses, a person may build an armor of false pride, and exhibit an inflated ego. Then those who do not understand the real cause of such an attitude may say the person has a superiority complex. Both manifestations of his inner in harmony are destructive to Self-development. Both are fostered by imagination and by ignoring facts, while neither belongs to the true, all-powerful nature of the soul. Found your self-confidence upon actual achievements plus the knowledge that your real Self (the soul) can never be ‘inferior’ in any way; then you will be free from all complexes.
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prokopetz · 2 months ago
Fact: Just because you can doesn’t mean you should.
Corollary: I’m gonna.
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spiced-wine-fic · 8 months ago
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philosophybitmaps · 2 days ago
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“Reason is not measured by size or height, but by principle.” – Epictetus, Discourses
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homicidal-croissant · 8 months ago
diogenes, sitting naked in his barrel, meticulously plucking a chicken: this is gonna be so fuckin hilarious just wait
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galina · 14 days ago
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Uh oh, they’re reading/writing/thinking about love again
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