The Political Illusion by Jaque Ellul, translated from French by Konrad Kellen, cover artist uncredited, English edition printed in 1967.
Do not confuse Emperor Marcus Aurelius with Emperor Aurelian
Do not confuse Emperor Tiberius with Tiberius Gracchus
Do not confuse Thersites with Thyestes
Do not confuse Lucan with Lucian
Do not confuse Epicurus with Epictetus
Do not confuse William Goldman with William Golding
Do not confuse Ecclesiastes with Ecclesiasticus
Do not confuse John 1 with 1 John
Do not confuse John, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John and the Revelation of St John with each other
Do not confuse Trajan with Trojan
Do not confuse Elizabeth Taylor with Elizabeth Taylor
Do not confuse Socrates with Sophocles
Do not confuse Aeschylus with Asclepius
Do not confuse Socrates with Isocrates
Do not confuse Isocrates with Isosceles
Do not confuse Phaedo with Phaedrus
Do not confuse St Augustine of Hippo with St Augustine of Canterbury
Do not confuse Scipio Africanus with Scipio Nasica or Scipio Aemilianus
Do not confuse Nathaniel Hawthorne with Nigel Hawthorne
Do not confuse Bing Crosby with Bill Cosby
Do not confuse Aristophanes with Antiphanes
Do not confuse the Council of Europe with the European Council
Do not confuse the Council of Europe with the Council of the European Union
Do not confuse the European Council with the Council of the European Union
Do confuse the Council of the European Union with the Council of Ministers, they’re the same institution
Debt is neo-colonialism, in which colonizers have transformed themselves into “technical assistants.” We should rather say “technical assassins.” They present us with financing, with financial backers. As if someone’s backing could create development. We have been advised to go to these lenders. We have been offered nice financial arrangements. We have been indebted for 50, 60 years and even longer. That means we have been forced to compromise our people for over 50 years.
A little light reading for my government class. 😳 at least I graduate in December
The search for security in an anarchic system is not the end of the story, and does not necessarily lead to war. The world is not as barbaric as Waltz would have it; “frequently complex interdependence will provide a better portrayal of reality.” Neoliberal Institutionalism/Liberalism has various approaches. One approach emphasizes international cooperation and linkage.
Premise I. Although “survival is the primary goal of all states…fears of attack in general have declined, and fears of attack by one another are virtually nonexistent….Intense relationships of mutual influence exist…but in most of the force is irrelevant or unimportant as an instrument of policy.
Premise II. Multiple channels connect societies, including: informal ties between governmental elites as well as formal foreign office arrangements; informal ties among non-governmental elites…and transnational organizations.
The Theory, Restatement. “[S]ince the distribution of power resources in trade, shipping, or oil, for example, may be quite different, patterns of outcomes and distinctive political processes are likely to vary from one set of issues to another…as the complexity of actors and issues in world politics increases, the utility of force declines and the line between domestic policy and foreign policy becomes blurred.”
Questions. How useful is a theory if it bundles all sorts of issues - economic, political, ideological, etc - all together and says, “different links cause different results?” How can neorealism and linkage theory be reconciled? Is the greater interdependence economic and political among states the cause of a decline in fears of attack, or is this correlative merely?
Robert O. Keohane and Joseph S. Nye, Power and Interdependence.
Time to read! This book is written by Julia Ebner, a well-known extremism researcher. It describes how white extremists as well as religious extremist use the internet to recruit people. Very easy to read in terms of style, it’s not written like an academic paper. Not so easy judged by the topic though.
(also pls excuse my hands I dunno why the filter made them look so dirty I promise they’re not)
Ask me anything about international relations / politics you’d like to know!
I especially focus on the Middle East but anything is welcome
[ 17.3.2020 ]
exercise, stretching, online lecture, studying, revising while sitting on my windowsill as i follow the light slowly diminishing outside.
I am selling my publishing company for forty thousand cash. It is a great business, and I have had fun writing all the books. It is poetry. Not much money in it. These… are self-published books. They need marketing, and I am prepared to represent myself as writer. It is Kindle E-books and paperbacks. The internet platform is called KDP. Go have a look. And go to the Amazon home page, and you can plug in my name. Pete Marchesi. You can see there are over 250 books. It is such a good deal I can’t tell you. I am getting too old now to put up with the aggravation. If interested or know someone that is (I can also offer a finder’s fee), message me. - Pete Marchesi
doing readings on Karl Marx the other night ✨✨