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Three Rings for the Elven-kings under the sky,

Seven for the Dwarf-lords in their halls of stone,

Nine for Mortal Men, doomed to die,

One for the Dark Lord on his dark throne

In the Land of Mordor where the Shadows lie.

One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them,

One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them

In the Land of Mordor where the Shadows lie.”

***

sneak peek of my Halloween costume! 。・:*:・゚★,。・:*:・゚☆ 。・:*:・゚★,。・:*:・゚☆

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Elf Languages, Human Languages, Dwarf Languages, Ent languages, Ainur Languages, Orc Languages, Warg Languages, Thrush Languages, Black Speech

Again if you see any mistakes or would like something added feel free to DM me 

And more parts coming soon

Human Languages

Adûnaic

  • A dialect of Haldorian, the Third House of the Edain, which is related to Bëorian and which of both are derived from Taliska
  • In the First Age it was influenced by Khuzdul, Avarin, and a bit of Sinadrin
  • Adûnaic was held in less regard than the Elven tongues, and therefore a lot of Edain spoke Quenya or Sindarin, even peasants
  • But as humans started to get jealous of Elvish immortality they slowly stopped using Quenya or Sindarin 
  • Ar-Adûnakhôr, 20th King of Númenor, forbade people from speaking elvish in his presence
  • Later on Ar-Gimilzôr, 23rd King of Númenor, outlawed the use of Elvish languages in Númenor
  • And although Ar-Gimilzôr’s son, Inziladûn, took a Quenya name, Tar-Palantir, and repealed the ban on the Elvish tongues his nephew, Pharazôn, seized power instead of his daughter, Míriel, continuing the oppression of Elvish languages in Númenor
  • With the downfall of Númenor also came the downfall of the Adûnaic language, but Nûmenórian sailors and colonists did end up using it as a lingua franca
  • Later on the language spread once again and was used from Eriador to Gondor and became the language now known as Westron which in the Third Aga basically became Middle-Earth’s equivalent of English

Dalish

  • Language spoken by the Men of Dale
  • related to both Rohirric and Westron
  • Dwarves of Erebor adopted this language when speaking to outsiders as in Dwarves’ culture it’s taboo to speak or teach Khuzdul, the Dwarves language, to outsiders
  • The writing system of Dalish is an old and simple form of Cirth, which was the writing system consisted of runes and it was originally intended for Sindarin

Drúadan

  • language of the Drúedain (a.k.a. Druath, Woses, Wild Men of the Woods) who were a race of wild humans and mostly kept away from the affairs of the rest of the world
  • the language is unrelated to the Westron and is actually said to have originated from Elvish even though the language has very guttural sounds

Dunlendish

  • languages of the Dunlendings (a.k.a. Gwathuirim) who lived in Dunland, which is close to Rohan, they were also very vicious and savage people
  • the language is Pre-Númenórean and is alike to Haladin from the First Age
  • At one point a dialect of Dunlendish was spoken by the Hobbits in Stoor-kind, but by the Third Age the Hobbits in the Shire had abandoned it and used Westron

Pre-Númenórean

  • is a bunch of dialects in Gondor that predate Númenórean settlement
  • derived from humans who were separated relatives of the House of Haleth as their members stayed in Eriador while the Edain went west during the First Age
  • the only Pre-Númenórean language that has survived to the Third Age is Dunlendish and Drúadan
  • Pre-Númenórean languages of the Ethir and Pelargir merged with Adûnaic to later form Westron

Rohirric

  • language spoken by the Rohirrim (a.k.a. the Horse-lords) of Rohan
  • Rohirric is derived from the language of the Éothéod, who were a race of Northmen living in the Vales of Anduin
  • Has also had influence on Hobbitish Westron as the Hobbits who lived in Anduin, and whose ancestors now live in the Shire, interacted with the Rohirrim people and therefore adopted some of their terms

Taliska

  • language spoken by the Edain of House of Bëor and House of Hador
  • the people of Bëor and Marach had different dialects when they met each other and the Marach descendants actually looked down on the Bëorian descendants as their dialect had Elvish influence
  • later on the language of the House of Bëor was basically extinct because they basically fully integrated Sindarin into their culture as well as most of the House was dead because of Dagor Bragollach
  • on the other hand the language of the House of Haldor survived to later then on be known as Adûnaic

Westron

  • language of the Dúnedain that later on in the Third Age became the Common Speech or lingua franca of Middle-Earth
  • came from Adûnaic, but was actually a creole (mashup of bunch of languages) language at first, when Númenóreans started to become spread their influence in the Second Age their language spread practically everywhere in the West
  • After the Downfall of Númenor most Faithful Númenóreans neglected their native tongue, Adûnaic, in favor of Elvish making the dialects and the Adûnaic language become chaotic and disheveled among their speakers, but later it had more of a melodic and softer tone because of this Elvish influence
  • Westron was adopted by Men and Hobbits who lived in or around Arnor and Gondor (Hobbitish itself is a dialect of Westron)
  • Because of this Dwarves also adopted Westron as a public language, as well as because of the spread of it some Elves and even Orcs started to speak it 
  • The Northmen also spoke Westron (ex.: Beorn, the skin-changer, and the Lake-men, descendants of the Men of Dale)
  • The Woses, Rohirrim, and the Dunlendings spoke Westron as a trade tongue when communicating with foreigners
  • Rohan under King Thengel, the 16th King of Rohan, adopted Westron in to their court rather than their native language, Rohirric

Hobbitish

  • the dialect of Westron spoken by the Hobbits in the Shire
  • the original language of the Hobbits is unknown as their origin is also unknown 
  • Nonetheless by the end of the Third Age Hobbitish had a lot of similarities to Rohirric because of the many times Hobbits and the Rohirric have crossed paths in the past
  • Fun fact in the Lord of the Rings books Merry points out these similarities as well as later on goes to write a book on the relationship between the two languages called: “Old Worlds and Names in the Shire
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Elf LanguagesHuman Languages, Dwarf Languages, Ent Languages, Ainur Languages, Orc languages, Warg languages, Thrush languages, Black Speech

If you see any mistakes DM pls, or if you think there’s something I could add

I’m working on doing the other languages rn so they’ll be linked in later when I post about them

Primitive Quendian

  • first language of the elves
  • split into Common Eldari and into the many Avari languages

Avarin

  • language used by the Avari, who were the elves that refused the Great Journey
  • other names of the Avari: Dark-elves, the Unwilling, and Wild elves
  • 6 different dialects, most notable is West Avarin, North Avarin, and East Avarin
  • originated from Primitive Quendian

Common Eldarin

  • language of the ancient Eldar (ex.: Finwë) who made the Great March
  • evolved from Primitive Quendian

Nandorin

  • a.k.a. Danian
  • created by Lenwë (or Dân, hence the name) who was the leader of the Teleri elves who set out on the Great Journey
  • language of the Nandor, the Teleri elves who went East of the Misty Mountains
  • a dialect of Common Teleri
  • dialects of this language are West Danian (a.k.a. Ossiriadrin, Ossiriandish, or Laquenderin) and East Danian (a.k.a. Leikvian) which is used by those who stayed in the East rather than making the complete journey
  • in the Third Age the Nando who stayed in the East became the Silvan elves and therefore Silvan Elvish dominant tongue and therefore Nandorin is not commonly spoken anymore

Quenya

  • came from Common Eldarin 
  • typically written by the Tengwar of Fëanor
  • Rúmil’s Sarati was used also
  • Rúmil created writing and created the alphabet, which was later perfected by Fëanor
  • Sarati is the name of Rúmil’s alphabet while Tengwar is the name of Fëanor’s alphabet
  • Dialects include Exilic Quenya and Vanyarin Quenya, Telerin (well it’s debated), Valinorean Quenya
  • Exilic Qeunya is what the Noldorin Elves spoke 
  • Vanyarin Quenya (a.k.a. Vanyarin, Quendya) is what the Vanyar Elves spoke
  • Telerin is what the Teleri (a.k.a. Falmari) elves spoke
  • Valinorean Quenya is what the elves who stayed in Valinor speak
  • Elu Thingol outlawed Quenya when he was the king of the Sindar 
  • Sindar were Teleri elves who stayed in Beleriand instead of going to Valinor
  • He outlawed Quenya after hearing about the Kinslaying of Aqualondë
  • So the Noldor elves who came from the Darkening of Valinor although this may have not really affected them actually ended up with Quenya names changing to Sindarin and caused the language to soon fade 
  • Plus it was hard for the Sindar to learn Quenya, but the Noldor easily took up Sindarin furthering the dominance of Sindarin
  • By the Third Age Quenya was basically treated like Latin, where it was really only used for scholarly or academic uses and still sometimes by the Noldor or for formal occasions

Silvan

  • Descendants from Nandorian, so it was used by the Nandor
  • Later only spoken in Lothlórien and Mirkwood
  • After the First Age the elves who survived Beleriand brought the Sindarin language with them which quickly took over Silvan Elvish
  • By the Third Age it wasn’t used at all and only appeared in names 

Sindarin

  • Language of the Sindar who were Teleri which stayed behind in the Great Journey
  • Descendant from Common Teleri
  • Dwarves when they first encountered the elves actually picked up Sindarin easily as the elves struggled with Khuzdul
  • Before the downfall, most Men of Númenor knew Sindarin and it was especially prominent in Arnor and Gondor
  • Sindarin now is the language spoken by Elves and Rangers
  • Usually Tengwar is used, but Cirth, which was intended for Sindarin, can also be used 
  • Cirth is a ancient runic writing system which has been replaced mostly by Tengwar, but the Dwarves actually have adopted it into their own languages it was easier to carve the letters
  • Dialects include Mithrimin (a.k.a. Northern Sindarin), Falathrin, Dorathrin, and Númenórian Sindarin
  • Mithrimin is used by adopted by exiled Noldor and spoken by House of Bëor
  • Falathrin is used by Falathrim people which were Teleri elves who stayed by the sea
  • Doriathrin is used in the First Age, in Doriath
  • Númenórian was used by Númenórians and later on the Dúnedain
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Man caril? | What do you do?

Ned Gwirith, edron i egasaewen* nín. | In April, I open my bill

Ned Lothron, glired môr ah arad. | In May, I sing night and day

Ned Nórui, eichion i lind nín. | In June, I change my tune

Ned Cerveth, revion hae. | In July, far off I fly

Ned Úrui, mened boe… | In August, away I must…

• • •

*Egasaewen—beak/bill. Egas-mouth, aewen-of birds

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Spent the past 2 hrs translating a song into sindarin just bc I’m thinking abt putting part of it in a oneshot. 2 hrs just finding the words. Haven’t adjusted for grammar yet. I even invented 2 words bc neither quenyan or sindarin had a word for it yet so uhhhh yeah

Fhdhkskfbsklsjdkslslfjhs

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Yeah I did swap the font

I originally used a transcriber but I decided to try the font out, although I think I’ll switch back to the transcriber

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The Names We Call Ourselves: Elven Autonyms

So the most common names that we use for the various Elven peoples are actually Ñoldorin Quenya exonyms. Which is understandable. The Silmarillion is, in large part, the story of the Ñoldor.

The Ñoldor call themselves the Wise or the Learned. Everyone else is either reduced to a neutral but superficial quality or defined by a historical event in implicitly unflattering terms.

So I have compiled a list of words the various Elven peoples call themselves, for all your transformative work purposes.

1. Vanyar sing. Vanya the Fair-haired Ones

  • Minyar sing. Minya the First
  • Ingar sing. Inga Chieftains

2. Sindar sing. Sinda the Grey Ones

  • Edhil sing. Edhel Elves
  • Edhellim Elves
  • Eglain sing. Eglan the Forsaken
  • Eglath the Forsaken
  • Egladhrim the Forsaken

3. Teleri sing. Teler the Last-Comers

  • Falmari sing. Falmar the People of the Waves
  • Fallinelli sing. Fallinello/Fallinellë the Wave-Singers

4. Nandor sing. Nando Those Who Turn Back

  • Laegil sing. Laegel the Green-Folk
  • Laegrim the Green-Folk
  • Laegeldrim the Green-Folk
  • Tawarwaith Forest-People

5. Avari the Refusers

  • Kindi Elves
  • Cuind Elves
  • Hwenti Elves
  • Windan Elves
  • Kinn-lai Elves
  • Penni Elves

Note 1: Endonyms tend to be egocentric, equating the name of the people with the generic word for humankind, or, in this case, elvenkind.

Note 2: The endonyms of the Avari listed here refer to six different peoples and refers also to their language. Not enough is known of the Avarin languages to determine what the singular form of any of these words would be.

For those who are curious, the Sindarin word for the Ñoldor is Lechind (sing. Lachend) or Lechinn (sing. Lachenn) which means Flame-Eyed, referring to the Light of the Two Trees still caught in the eyes of the Ñoldorin Exiles.

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Hi! Here’s our first directory! Thank you guys so much for your patience!

@actuallyfeanor can help you with Scandinavian languages and the Norse Sagas that inspired Tolkien (asks are open!)

@blue-plastic-hairbrush can help you with American Sign Language or linguistics related to sign language (asks are open!)

@bluedancingkittykat can help you with general linguistics (asks are open for both Tolkien and non-Tolkien asks!)

@bodysnatch3r can help you with language evolution, historical linguistics, language construction, translation theory and Proto-Quenya! They’ve done a lot of work (re)-constructing Cuivienen Kwenjâ, Proto-Quenya (asks are open!)

@hellofeanor can help you with Sindarin and Quenya. They also can help with “Names, phrases, poetry, or translating the lyrics to ‘Baby Got Back’” (asks are open!)

@jaz-the-bard can help you with Shakespearean style English and thee/thou too (asks are open!)

@mornyavie can help you with language evolution. They often look at evolving Quenya words into Sindarin and vice versa (asks are open!)

@potatoobsessed999 can help you with your Quenya and Sindarin pronunciation! They can also help with Early Modern English grammar, including the thee/thou tense (asks are open for both Tolkien and non-Tolkien asks!)

@silmallyrn can help you with naming plants, animals, gems and minerals in Quenya, Sindarin, Khudzul and Adunaic (asks are open!)

@vanjalism can help you with Khudzul (asks are open!)

Notes:

If I got anything wrong or you want to add/change something, let me know and I’ll edit the list :) If I missed you, let me know with an ask! tumblr sometimes hides replies or notes, so that’s the best way to reach us. If you had other things in your response that aren’t language or linguistic related, don’t worry; they’ll get their own post! Finally, Name making didn’t make this list, because I thought it’d fit better in a post about Elves or for OC help

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Hehehe, understandable! They are kind of related, Irish and Welsh (inspiration for Sindarin) both being Celtic languages and all that. Although, I find this quite funny because, to me, Irish doesn’t look that much like Sindarin, since Irish and Welsh are from different parts of the language family tree. But there are similarities!

Ooooo! Does that mean that my URL looks Elvish??

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Anyway now I’m back I’m gonna tell you all that, whilst Galador was raised as Imrazor’s heir and therefore felt like he had a place within the people of Dol Amroth, the absence of her mother left Gilmith feeling adrift. This was especially true because of her GNC self, her body actively rebelled against all roles and boxes that could be expected of her and whilst she had a fairly good relationship with her father, he also found her confounding and did not know how to approach her. 

This fact was even more true since I think in my head, Mithrellas ran away because of the realisation she came too that she would have to lose her family eventually. She could not be counted among the souls of men and, even if she could, she didn’t wish to be. So she fled that life and Imrazor was honest with his children as to what he believed had driven her away. So Gilmith percieved that both her humanity had driven her mother away, and yet also that Mithrellas’ elvenness had abandoned her. 

With this in mind, whilst Galador settled contentedly into his people, Gilmith did not. She was left in a limbo of belonging and, when Imrazor died, she said farewell to her brother and took to a ship. It was the sea where she found a sense of home, travel becoming her foundation. She continued to live, for centuries eventually and took the name Imrabalkân. She loved the sea so deeply that even Osse deigned to speak with her and they considered each other fractuous friends. 

The crew of the ship she eventually captained was often changing, but many remained with her for decades still and with change as her life she found no pain in this. She did not make a home at any port, but she had a name in each of them and always brought unique trade goods from far off places even during wartime, always able to slip past pirate ships or hold her own against a boarding. And she would return at times to Dol Amroth, passing through the court as a stranger but always keeping an eye upon her brother’s descendants. 

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Love how the fact that Tolkien was obsessive in his worldbuilding but actually gave us next to nothing on Legolas as a character means that my current fic project is basically just me playing an intense game of “my city now” somehow all fastidiously within the constraints of what may actually be fantasy fiction’s single most well-attested sandbox

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