Illustration in the temporary exhibition titled “Desire Flows Like the Sea: an LGBTIQ look at maritime heritage” made by the Maritime Museum (Barcelona, Catalonia).
Il·lustració de l’exposició temporal “El desig és tan fluïd com la mar: una mirada LGTBIQ al patrimoni marítim” del Museu Marítim (Barcelona, Catalunya). Prorrogat fins al 9 de gener de 2022.
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Annemarie Schwarzenbach was a Swiss writer, photographer, journalist and traveller. She dressed androgynously from an early age on and was often mistaken for a young man. One of her friends, Marianne Breslauer described her as “Neither a woman nor a man, but an angel, an archangel.”
Schwarzenbach has written multiple books and has documented the rise of fascism in Europe and her travels to various European countries with her photographs.
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Pride month commemorates the Stonewall riots in the US. My dashboard is full of posts about US LGBT icons, US LGBT events and so on. But what about the rest of the world?
This is why some admins and I have decided to make another “challenge” in the next couple weeks, where we post about LGBT facts from our countries. The struggle for acceptance is by far not unique to the US, and there are many stories to be told about LGBT history in other countries.
Here are some suggestions about what you can post:
Pride parades in your country (photos, gifs, videos...)
Important historical and contemporary LGBT people from your country
Movies or art about LGBT people, or LGBT history in your country
Important events for the LGBT community (legal/political decisions, riots, parades etc.)
LGBT history of your country
LGBT language (how to express gender neutrality, vocabulary lists about sexual orientations, genders etc)
LGBT groups in your country, where to meet LGBT people,
Of course, people that aren’t part of ucf are also happy to join, it would be great if you can submit posts, tag admins of the corresponding country, or just simply tag the posts with #uselesslgbtfacts.
Happy pride everyone!
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Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights in Malta have evolved significantly over the course of the last decades. Throughout the late-20th century, the rights of the LGBT community received more awareness. Malta has been recognized for providing a high degree of liberty to its LGBT citizens. In October 2015, the European region of the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA-Europe) ranked Malta 1st in terms of LGBT rights out of 49 observed European countries. Malta is one of the only few countries in the world to have made LGBT rights equal at a constitutional level. In 2016, Malta became the first country in the European Union to ban conversion therapy.
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The LGBTA+ Community in Venezuela
Despite unfriendly legislation, Venezuela has a thriving LGBTA+ community, and the government annually declares Pride Day in June. However, same-sex marriage and unions are not legally recognized, as well as legal gender change (however, trans individuals can request ID changes to match their preferred gender and name). Sequential adoption for same-sex couples is legal, as well as IVF for lesbian couples, but same-sex couples cannot adopt a child as a couple.
Public opinion towards LGBTA+ individuals is mixed. As of late 2013, only 20% of Venezuelans believed that same-sex marriage should be legal, but 51% believed that homosexuality should be accepted by society. Venezuela ranks 45th on the Gay Happiness Index (GHI).
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Translation from Catalan to English:
I is another*
It's true that some times as a boy I was called a girl
my self is not a boy or a girl
it simply has chosen to live in a
little male body and of the human species
with the objective of researching what is it like
as seen from the inside being made of mortal flesh
and as for now I have not understood anything clearly,
only that, do you hear? I'm talking to you, cousin
whether they call me enric [male name] or enriqueta [female name], it doesn't matter,
because I is another matter.
Enric Casasses (Barcelona, 1951). Published in the 2018 book el nus la flor ("the knot/core the flower").
*The title is a reference to Rimbaud's quote "I is another [male grammatical form]" which Enric Casasses changed to the female grammatical form (untranslatable to English).
Enric Casasses is a Catalan poet, recognised as one of the most important figures in our literature alive. In 2012, he was awarded the Premi Nacional de Literatura (National Literature Prize) by the Government of Catalonia and, in 2020, he was awarded the Premi d'Honor de les Lletres Catalanes (Honour Prize of Catalan Letters), two of the highest achievements in Catalan literature.
The book where this poem is included, el nus la flor, won both the Premi Lletra d'Or (Golden Letter Prize, awarded to the best book printed that year) and the Premi de la Crítica Catalana de poesia (the poetry prize in the Catalan Critics' Prize) the year of its release.
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July 26th 1977: the first Pride protest in Catalonia was held in the capital city Barcelona.
Organised by Front d'Alliberament Gai de Catalunya (Gay Liberation Front of Catalonia), about 5000 people marched in Les Rambles. When they reached the Canaletes fountain, the police charged and shot rubber bullets, leaving at least 4 people wounded and locking one protestor in the Modelo prison for 56 days.
(In the banners, written in the Catalan language, you can see some of the main mottos of the march, which mean: "we are not afraid, we are", "[...] social amnesty, total amnesty", "[...] stop discrimination". Other mottos were "sexuality does not mean heterosexuality", "abolish the law of social danger", "sexual amnesty! we are not dangerous", and "my body is mine and I do with it whatever I want").
Take into account this was happening in 1977, before the complete ending of the fascist dictatorship of Spain. The bravery and determination of these people lead to abolishing the laws that criminalized homosexuality, as we talked about some days ago.
It's also worth saying that the march was led by trans activists. Thank you!
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A poster from 1977 issued by the Front d’Alliberament Gai de Catalunya (FAGC, Gay Liberation Front of Catalonia).
In this poster, they address the Catalan people as a whole to refuse the Law on Social Danger and Rehabilitation. This law was passed in 1970 (towards the ending of Franco’s fascist dictatorship of Spain, which lasted from 1939 to 1975) to replace the previous Law on Vagrants and Criminals (Ley de vagos y maleantes in Spanish), which had been passed in 1933 and kept in place until this new law. The 1970 Law on Social Danger and Rehabilitation was not completely repealed by the Spanish government until 1995, but thanks to the fight of the FAGC the articles about homosexuality were repealed in 1979. In 1989, the organisation also achieved the objective of repealing the Law on Public Scandal, which was also used to persecute homosexuality.
Both of these laws aimed to “regulate” (more like persecute) all the behaviours that were considered “antisocial”, including homosexuality, beggars, drug dealers and consumers, prostitution, pornography, illegal immigration, and vandalism.
The poster says, in the Catalan language:
The homosexuals to the Catalan people
The Law on Social Danger and Rehabilitation keeps us discriminated. We condemn and reject this repressive law, at the same time we demand our rights as people and call on all the Catalan people to give support to our fight.
· Total amnesty for the homosexual prisoners. Total amnesty. [Note: the expression “total amnesty” is was used in that time to demand amnesty for all the political prisoners of the fascist regime]
· We homosexuals are not “socially dangerous”
· Abolish the Law on Social Danger (04-08-1970) and all the fascist legislation
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I hope everyone has had a wonderful Pride month filled with love and respect.
Here’s some pictures of how we have been celebrating it in Barcelona.
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The first homosexual club in Switzerland was the ladies-club Amicitia, which was founded in 1931 by Anna Vock (picture), Laura Thoma and three more women. Originally a club for all women, no matter the sexual orientation, it soom became a club exclusively for lesbians. Laura Thoma also released, together with August Bambula, the first lesbian magazine called the “Freundschafts-Banner (Banner of friendship). Amicitia dissolved in the late 30s, the magazine was later renamed “The Circle”, and became one of the most important magazines for gay men in Europe at that time
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Image description: La Geperudeta (Virgin Mary patron of Valencia) kissing La Moreneta (Virgin Mary patron of Catalonia).
Letters in Valencian Catalan that say: 28th of June, international day for the LGBTI liberation. Against the holy oppression: love however you want.
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During the AIDS epidemic, the Homosexual Workgroup Zurich (HAZ) had a AIDS hotline
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During the reformation, the reformed insulted the catholics by calling them homosexuals, while the catholics called the reformed “koughyer” (”cow fucker”). This was also just in general a common insult towards Swiss people
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Swiss Sign language for “gay” and “lesbian”. I wanted to do more than these two but the SGB dictionary defines “transgender” as a “genderidentity disorder” and their example phrase is “Der Bruder meines Vaters ist von Transsexualität betroffen” [The brother of my father is affected by transsexuality]
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