Today we’re going to learn how to say “A is similar to B” and “A is the same as B”. Lesson 8 is focused on the usage with nouns and lesson 9 is focused on the usage with verbs.
To say A is similar to B, you need to us -(이)랑 or -하고. Both of these have been explained in level 2 lesson 4.
- 비슷하다 = to be similar
- A noun + B Noun + -(이)랑 or -하고 + 비슷하다 = A is similar to B
- -(이)랑 is more formal than -하고
- A랑 비슷해요 = it’s similar to A
- B하고 비슷해요 = it’s similar to B
- 도쿄는 서울이랑 비슷해요 = is Tokyo similar to Seoul?
- 도쿄는 서울하고 비슷해요 = is Tokyo similar to Seoul?
To say A is the same as B, you need to us -(이)랑 or -하고 as well.
- 같다 = to be the same
- A noun + -(이)랑 or -하고 + B Noun + 같다 = A is the same as B
- A랑 같아요 = it’s the same as A
- A하고 B는 같아요 = A and B are the same
If you use 같다 without the -(이)랑 or -하고, it has a different meaning
- to be like
- to look like
- to seem to be
- 거짓말 샅아요 = it seems to be a lie
- 로봇 같아요 = it looks like a robot
You could also use 같다 with verbs (so without the -(이)랑 or -하고). In order to do so, you need to change the verbs into nouns. This has been explained in level 2 lesson 19.
Making verbs into nouns:
- Present tense: verb stem + 는 것
- Past tense: verb stem + (으)ㄴ 것
- Future tense: verb stem + (으)ㄹ 것
Now after this it’s pretty easy again, just add the 같다 like you did with the nouns in lesson 8!
- 눈이 오다 = to snow (active verb)
- Present: 눈이 오는 것 같아요 = I think it is snowing
- Past: 눈이 온 것 같아요 = I think it was snowing
- Future: 눈이 올 것 같아요 = I think it will snow
- Keep in mind, the 같아요 does not change according to the tense! The tense is shown with the turning verbs into nouns!
- 이상하다 = to be strange (descriptive verb)
- 이상한 것 샅아요 = I think it is strange