Eurovision Fact #100:
The interval act for the 2016 Eurovision Song Contest "Love, Love, Peace, Peace," sung by hosts Måns Zelmerlöw and Petra Mede references some of the contest's past winners and famous eccentricities.
About 26 prior entries are directly referenced (some more than once), and there are 6 general references to common Eurovision tropes.
The direct references in order are:
"Step 1: Get everyone's attention. A powerful, majestic start. Maybe a battle horn of some kind." Refers to Ruslana's 'Wild Dances,' the 2004 Ukrainian entry, which opened with battle horns.
"It doesn't hurt if the drums are played by gorgeous, topless men." References "Only Love Survives" by Ryan Dolan (Ireland 2013).
"It's proven very helpful to go the exact opposite way; use a grandmother." This is said as the aforementioned drums are given to a grandma. It references the 2005 Moldova entry "Boonika Bate Toba" by Zdob Si Zdub.
"Step 3: show the viewers your country's ethnic background by using an old traditional folklore instrument that no one's heard of before...Go with an old man instead! A beard helps!' This is about Azerbaijan's 2012 entry 'When the Music Dies" by Sabina Babayeva.
"Step 4: In Eurovision, nothing says winner like a violin. Trust us. Bring a violin." While there have been a handful of people to win with a violin featured on stage in their song, this directly refers to the winner of the 2009 contest, Alexander Rybak who represented Norway with his song 'Fairytale.' This is because for the rest of the song after this, Rybak himself is on stage playing his violin.
"...but this can easily be fixed by adding a DJ who pretends to scratch." Calls back to two songs: Daz Sampson's 'Teenage Life' (UK 2006) and Freaky Fortune feat. RiskyKidd's 'Rise Up' (Greece 2014).
Next, people on stage pull off Måns and Petra's clothes. This is a reference to the UK's 1981 entry 'Making Your Mind Up,' by Bucks Fizz.
The newly revealed costumes are also references to past contestants. Måns' outfit calls back to Dima Bilan, the 2008 winner, and Petra's is about the 1999 winner Charlotte Nilsson.
"ABBA actually won the competition with a song about war. But this... With 'Waterloo,' but this is not something we recommend," Obviously refers to 1974 winner ABBA. This is also the oldest reference in the song. Another possible reference here is Ukraine's '1944' by Jamala, which won in 2016.
"...let the wind begin to blow." Refers to Pastora Soler's 'Quédate Conmigo (Stay With Me)' (Spain 2012) where she uses a wind machine at the climax of her song. But this could be in reference to many other songs, too as wind machines are a popular staple of the contest.
After this line, Måns pulls open the first few buttons of his shirt. Another reference to Dima Bilan. The final reference to that performance is "And a Russian man on skates!" Since Bilan's performance featured a man towards the end of the song dancing on roller skates behind him.
"You can break the rules of fashion, and your chance to win shall grow." Again could refer to many things, but because this is specifically about winning the contest, this could be about Conchita Wurst (Austria 2015) and her song 'Rise Like a Phoenix.' Conchita broke the rules of fashion by being the first drag queen to win the show. She was wearing a long white dress and donned a beard.
"Look into the TV-camera..." Once again could refer to many people, but here it could be referencing Måns' own performance of 'Heros' which won the 2015 contest for Sweden. Another reference to this performance is Måns fist pumping, which was a staple of his winning performance.
As the two are singing "It's time for the chorus!" Large flags are swayed on stage. This is referring to Carola's 'Invincible' (Sweden 2006) in which dancers come on stage and wave flags behind large white flags.
The melody of song's chorus ("Love, love, peace peace...") Is even a call back! The Serbia and Montenegro entry for 2005 'Zauvijek Moja' by No Name had the same melody.
"Old women baking bread!" And "Party for everybody!" References the 2012 Russian entry 'Party for Everybody' by Buranovskiye Babushki, where the grandmas in the group bake bread on stage!
"And a man in a hamster wheel!" And "More tricks on the hamster wheel!" Refers to Ukraine's 2014 performance (Mariya Yaremchuk's 'Tick - Tock') where a man was on stage in a giant hamster wheel, just running in it for most of the song.
"Our hands will touch, pretending we're in love." Refers to 2011 winners Ell/Nikki. During their performance of their song 'Running Scared,' they come together and embrace.
"It begins to snow!" And the appearance of a person running across the stage like Loreen did during her performance while dressed like Loreen is (obviously at this point) a reference to the Swedish 2012 winner Loreen and her song 'Euphoria.'
"And a burning fake piano." Is about The Makemakes' 'I Am Yours' (Austria 2015), during which the singer plays a piano that is on fire.
As everyone sings "It will be incredible!" There is a cut to a young woman in traditional clothes sexily churning butter. This is a reference to Donatan & Cleo's 'My Słowianie - We Are Slavic' (Poland 2014) in which women on the side of the stage churn butter and wash clothes.
Soon after this, the band Lordi appears. They won for Finland with their song 'Hard Rock Hallelujah,' in 2006.
Following the rock band's appearance, Måns dances by making an odd thrusting motion. This is a reference to Sakis Rouvas' performance of 'This is Our Night' (Greece 2009).
Finally, at the end of the song, Swedish dancers appear. This is a reference to Petra's first interval act 'Swedish Smörgåsbord' which she performed at the 2013 Grand Final.
The indirect references to tropes are:
Songs commonly being about love or peace, excessive use of pyro, fire, and crazy lighting ("Fill the stage with light..."), and finally key changes ("...we change the key.").
Love, Love, Peace, Peace - Måns Zelmerlöw and Petra Mede create the perfect Eurovision Performance, YouTube.com.
See: Comment by Morrzila for original list of references.
Ruslana - Wild Dances (Ukraine) - LIVE - 2004 Eurovision Song Contest, YouTube.com.
Ryan Dolan - Only Love Survives (Ireland) - LIVE - 2013 Grand Final, YouTube.com.
Zdob Si Zdub - Boonika Bate Toba (Moldova) Live - Eurovision 2005, YouTube.com.
Sabina Babayeva - When the Music Dies - Live - Grand Final - 2012 Eurovision Song Contest, YouTube.com.
Alexander Rybak - Fairytale (Norway) 2009 Eurovision Song Contest, YouTube.com.
Daz Sampson - Teenage Life (United Kingdom) 2006 Final, YouTube.com.
Freaky Fortune feat. RiskyKidd - Rise Up (Greece) 2014 LIVE Eurovision Grand Final, YouTube.com.
Making your mind up - United Kingdom 1981 - Eurovision songs with live orchestra, YouTube.com.
Dima Bilan - Believe (Russia) 2008 Eurovision Song Contest Winner, YouTube.com.
1999 Sweden: Charlotte Nilsson - Take Me to Your Heaven (Winning song in Eurovision Song Contest), YouTube.com.
Ukraine: "1944" by Jamala - Winner of Eurovision Song Contest 2016 - BBC, YouTube.com.
ABBA Waterloo Eurovision 1974 (High Quality), YouTube.com.
Pastora Soler - Quédate Conmigo (Stay With Me) - Live - Grand Final - 2012 Eurovision Song Contest, YouTube.com.
Conchita Wurst - Rise Like a Phoenix (Austria) 2014 LIVE Eurovision Grand Final, YouTube.com.
Måns Zelmerlöw - Heros (Sweden) - LIVE at Eurovision 2015 Grand Final, YouTube.com.
Carola - Invincible (Sweden) 2006 Final, YouTube.com.
No Name - Zauvijek Moja (Serbia and Montenegro) Live - Eurovision 2005, YouTube.com.
Buranovskiye Babushki - Party for Everybody - Live - Grand Final 2012 Eurovision Song Contest, YouTube.com.
Mariya Yaremchuk - Tick - Tock (Ukraine) LIVE Eurovision Song Contest 2014 Grand Final, YouTube.com.
Ell & Nikki - Running Scared (Azerbaijan) Live 2011 Eurovision Song Contest, YouTube.com.
Loreen - Euphoria - Live - Grand Final - 2012 Eurovision Song Contest, YouTube.com.
The Makemakes - I Am Yours (Austria) - LIVE at Eurovision 2015 Grand Final, YouTube.com.
Donatan & Cleo - My Słowianie - We Are Slavic ( Poland ) 2014 LIVE Eurovision Grand Final, YouTube.com.
Lordi - Hard Rock Hallelujah (Finland) 2006 Eurovision Song Contest Winner, YouTube.com.
Sakis Rouvas - This is Our Night (Greece) LIVE 2009 Eurovision Song Contest, YouTube.com.
ESC 2013 FINAL - Petra Mede - Swedish Smörgåsbord, YouTube.com.
'Life's a Drag! Eurovision Queens Past and Present,' Eurovision.tv.